Lou Donaldson checking out a Mike LeDonne solo
November 1, 1926 |
Badin, North Carolina
|Genres||Bebop, hard bop, jazz blues, soul jazz|
|Occupation(s)||Bandleader, composer, saxophonist|
|Associated acts||Milt Jackson, Clifford Brown, Art Blakey, Jimmy Smith, Lonnie Smith|
Lou Donaldson (born November 1, 1926) is a jazz alto saxophonist. He is best known for his soulful, bluesy approach to playing the alto saxophone, although in his formative years he was, as many were of the bebop era, heavily influenced by Charlie Parker.
Life and career
Donaldson was born in Badin, North Carolina. He attended North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University in Greensboro in the early 1940s. He enlisted in the U.S. Navy during World War II and was trained at the Great Lakes bases in Chicago, where he was introduced to bop music in the lively club scene there. At the war's conclusion, he returned to Greensboro, where he worked club dates with the Rhythm Vets, a combo composed of A and T students who had served in the U.S. Navy. The band recorded the soundtrack to a musical comedy featurette, Pitch a Boogie Woogie, in Greenville, North Carolina, in the summer of 1947. The movie had a limited run at black audience theatres in 1948 but its production company, Lord-Warner Pictures, folded and never made another film. Pitch a Boogie Woogie was subsequently restored by the American Film Institute in 1985 and re-premiered on the campus of East Carolina University in Greenville the following year. Donaldson and the surviving members of the Vets performed a reunion concert after the film's showing. In the documentary made on Pitch by UNC-TV, Boogie in Black and White, Donaldson and his musical cohorts recall the film's making—he originally believed that he had played clarinet on the soundtrack. A short piece of concert footage from a gig in Fayetteville, North Carolina, is included in the documentary.
Donaldson's first jazz recordings were with the Charlie Singleton Orchestra in 1950 and then with bop emissaries Milt Jackson and Thelonious Monk in 1952, and he participated in several small groups with other jazz luminaries such as trumpeter Blue Mitchell, pianist Horace Silver, and drummer Art Blakey.
In 1953, he also recorded sessions with the trumpet virtuoso Clifford Brown, and Philly Joe Jones. He was a member of Art Blakey's Quintet and appeared on some of their best regarded albums, including the two albums recorded at Birdland in February 1954 Night at Birdland.
Donaldson has recorded in the bop, hard bop, and soul jazz genres. For many years his pianist was Herman Foster. He was inducted into the North Carolina Music Hall of Fame on October 11, 2012. Also in 2012, he was named a NEA Jazz Master by the National Endowment for the Arts, United States' highest honor in jazz music.
- 1952: Quartet/Quintet/Sextet
- 1957: Wailing with Lou
- 1957: Swing and Soul
- 1957: Jimmy Smith Trio + LD
- 1957: Lou Takes Off
- 1958: Blues Walk
- 1958: Light-Foot
- 1959: LD + 3
- 1959: The Time is Right
- 1960: Sunny Side Up
- 1960: Midnight Sun
- 1961: Here 'Tis
- 1961: Gravy Train
- 1961: A Man with a Horn
- 1962: The Natural Soul
- 1963: Good Gracious!
- 1963: Signifyin'
- 1964: Possum Head
- 1964: Cole Slaw
- 1964: Rough House Blues
- 1965: Musty Rusty
- 1965: Fried Buzzard
- 1966: Blowing in the Wind
- 1966: Lou Donaldson At His Best
- 1967: Lush Life
- 1967: Alligator Bogaloo
- 1967: Mr. Shing-A-Ling
- 1968: Midnight Creeper
- 1968: Say It Loud!
- 1969: Hot Dog
- 1970: Everything I Play is Funky
- 1970: Pretty Things
- 1970: The Scorpion
- 1971: Cosmos
- 1972: Sophisticated Lou
- 1973: Sassy Soul Strut
- 1974: Sweet Lou
- 1976: A Different Scene
- 1976: Color as a Way of Life
- 1981: Sweet Poppa Lou
- 1981: Forgotten Man
- 1982: Back Street
- 1984: Live in Bologna
- 1990: Play the Right Thing
- 1992: Birdseed
- 1993: Caracas
- 1995: Sentimental Journey
- 2000: Relaxing at Sea: Live on the QE2
- 1994: The Righteous Reed! The Best of Poppa Lou
- 1996: The Best of Lou Donaldson, Vol. 2 The Blue Note Years.
- 1998: Blue Breakbeats
With Gene Ammons
- All Star Sessions (Prestige, 1950-55 )
With Clifford Brown
- Memorial Album (Blue Note, 1953)
With Milt Jackson
- All Star Bags (Prestige, 1953)
With Thelonious Monk
- Genius of Modern Music (Blue Note, 1952)
With Art Blakey
- A Night at Birdland Vol. 1 (Blue Note, 1954)
- A Night at Birdland Vol. 2 (Blue Note, 1954)
- A Night at Birdland Vol. 3 (Blue Note, 1954)
With Jimmy Smith
- A Date with Jimmy Smith Volume One (Blue Note, 1957)
- A Date with Jimmy Smith Volume Two (Blue Note, 1957)
- Jimmy Smith Trio + LD (Blue Note, 1957)
- House Party (Blue Note, 1958)
- The Sermon! (Blue Note, 1958)
- Cool Blues (Blue Note, 1958)
- Rockin' the Boat (Blue Note, 1963)
- Allmusic Biography
- Massengale, Susan, Dir. "Boogie in Black and White." Chapel Hill, NC: UNC-TV, 1988.
- Albright, Alex. "Boogie Woogie Jams Again," American Film, June 1987: 36-40.
- Lord, Tom. "The Jazz Discography".[page needed](subscription required)
- "The Hard Bop Homepage".
- "N.C. Music Hall of Fame offers tickets". The Salisbury Post. August 29, 2012. Retrieved September 10, 2012.
- "National Endowment for the Arts Announces the 2013 NEA Jazz Masters". Retrieved August 22, 2014.
- The Official Website for Sweet Poppa Lou DONALDSON
- NEA Jazz Master Lou Donaldson
- All About Jazz: Lou Donaldson