Lou Dorfsman

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Louis "Lou" Dorfsman (1918 – October 22, 2008) was a graphic designer who oversaw almost every aspect of the advertising and corporate identity for the Columbia Broadcasting System (CBS) in his 40 years with the network.

Biography[edit]

Early life and education[edit]

Dorfsman was born in 1918 on the Lower East Side of Manhattan, and moved as a child to the Bronx. His parents were Jewish immigrants from Poland. Dorfsman attended Theodore Roosevelt High School, graduating in 1935. Dorfsman had wanted to attend New York University and study bacteriology there, but was unable to afford the tuition. He chose to attend Cooper Union, where he received a four year scholarship [1] and graduated in 1939. Dorfsman served on Cooper Union's board of directors for many years.[2]

Early career[edit]

After graduation, his design jobs included making displays for the 1939 New York World's Fair.

World War II[edit]

Dorfsman served in the United States Army during World War II, using his design skills.[2]

With CBS[edit]

Dorfsman was hired in 1946 as art director for the CBS Radio Network. Dorfsman's designs were described by The New York Times as featuring "clear typography, simple slogans and smart illustration". He commissioned work from portraitist Feliks Topolski and painter Ben Shahn. After William Golden died in 1959, Dorfsman was named creative director of CBS Television. By 1964, he was selected as the director of design for all of CBS and was later promoted to senior vice president and creative director for marketing communications and design in 1968. In this role he maintained creative control over the network's use of the CBS Eye logo to its proprietary CBS Didot typeface. The Times credited the "cleverness and subtle beauty of his advertisements" with drawing viewers to the network's news and entertainment programs.[2]

The print advertising Dorfsman created for CBS created a sense of urgency for the network's news and public affairs programming. A full-page newspaper ad for the series Of Black America showed a black man in black and white, with half his face painted with the stars and stripes of the United States flag. A newspaper ad for The Warren Report: A CBS News Inquiry in Four Parts showed a hand holding the John F. Kennedy assassination's "magic bullet" with a headline stating that "This is the bullet that hit both President Kennedy and Governor Connally. Or did it?" Advertising of CBS News coverage of the 1972 presidential election described CBS News anchorman Walter Cronkite as having been "Re-elected the Most Trusted Man in America".[2]

Dorfsman oversaw design of annual reports for CBS and created promotional commemorative volumes, including a 1969 limited-edition book with a cover embossed to resemble the lunar surface, after the first manned moon landing. He designed sets for Walter Cronkite's CBS Evening News and for the CBS Morning News.[2]

In Eero Saarinen's CBS Building on 52nd Street and Sixth Avenue, Dorfsman was responsible for all of the building's graphics, designating the type, design and spacing for wall clocks, elevator buttons, and elevator inspection stickers.[2] He designed a 35-foot-wide (11 m), 8 12-foot-tall (2.6 m) design called Gastrotypographicalassemblage for the building's cafeteria that listed all of the foods offered to patrons in hand-milled wood type. Dorfsman considered this work to be "his magnum opus, his gift to the world".[3] The work has now been installed in a building on the campus of the Culinary Institute of America in Hyde Park, New York.

Dorfman retired from CBS in November 1987 to establish his own studio. The responsibilities for advertising, which had previously been handled in-house under Dorfsman's supervision, were transferred to Backer, Spielvogel, Bates.[4]

Dorfsman died at age 90 on October 22, 2008 in Roslyn, New York of congestive heart failure.[2]

Honors and recognition[edit]

In 1978, Dorfsman was recognized as a medalist by the AIGA, "awarded to individuals in recognition of their exceptional achievements, services or other contributions to the field of design and visual communication".[5] HE was awarded the TDC Medal by the Type Directors Club in 1995.

The 1988 book Dorfsman & CBS by Dick Hess and Marion Muller covered his more than 40 years with the network.[6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.thecenterfordesignstudy.com/dorfsman.htm
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Heller, Steven. "Lou Dorfsman, Design Chief at CBS, Dies at 90", The New York Times, October 25, 2008. Accessed October 26, 2008.
  3. ^ Anwyl, Richard. "Rebuilding a Legacy: The Gastrotypographicalassemblage", AIGA, March 5, 2008. Accessed October 26, 2008.
  4. ^ Dougherty, Philip H. " Advertising; Louis Dorfsman Retires From CBS Design Post", The New York Times, November 5, 1987. Accessed October 26, 2008.
  5. ^ Medalists, AIGA. Accessed October 26, 2008.
  6. ^ Brown, Patricia Leigh. "IN SHORT: NONFICTION; HIS DAYS AT BLACK ROCK", The New York Times, March 13, 1988. Accessed October 27, 2008.