In Gallo-Roman religion, Loucetios (Latinized as Leucetius) was a Gallic god invariably identified with the Roman Mars. About a dozen inscriptions in his honour have been recovered, mainly from eastern Gaul, with a particular concentration among the Vangiones (a Rhenish tribe). Mars Loucetios is often accompanied by Nemetona. Inscriptions to him have also been found at Bath and Angers.
The name Loucetios may be derived from the Proto-Indo-European root *leuk- ("shine"). It is presumably analogous to Oscan Loucetius, "light-bringer," an epithet of Jupiter. The Gaulish and Brythonic forms likely derive from Proto-Celtic *louk(k)et-, "bright, shining, flashing," hence also "lightning," in reference to either a Celtic commonplace metaphor between battles and thunderstorms (Old Irish torannchless, the "thunder feat"), or the divine aura of the hero (the lúan of Cú Chulainn).
- Nicole Jufer & Thierry Luginbühl. 2001. Les dieux gaulois : répertoire des noms de divinités celtiques connus par l'épigraphie, les textes antiques et la toponymie. Editions Errance, Paris. pp.48-49
- J.P. Mallory and D.Q. Adams, Encyclopedia of Indo-European Culture (Taylor & Francis, 1997), p. 513.
- Xavier Delamarre, Dictionnaire de la langue gauloise (Éditions Errance, 2003), 2nd edition, p. 200.
- Helmut Birkham, entry on "Loucetius," in Celtic Culture: A Historical Encyclopedia, edited by John Koch (ABC-Clio, 2006), p. 1192.
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