Loudspeakers in mosques

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
A mosque minaret in Hyderabad, Pakistan fitted with loudspeakers in all directions

Loudspeakers were invented in the early 1900s, and they were introduced in mosques in the 1930s, where they are used for the adhan ("call to prayer"),[1] and sometimes for khutbah (sermons).

Outdoor loudspeakers, usually mounted on tall minarets, are used five times a day for the call to prayer, sometimes starting as early as 4 a.m. Some mosques have loudspeakers that are powerful enough to be heard as far as 5 km (3 mi) away.[2] In areas where more than one mosque is present, the loudspeaker sounds overlap one another,[3] especially in the early morning when sounds are more clearly heard. Loudspeakers are sometimes also used inside mosques to deliver sermons or for prayer.

Opposition[edit]

The installation of outdoor loudspeakers on mosques has frequently met with opposition in communities where Islam is a minority religion. In Cologne, Germany, the proposed construction of the Cologne Central Mosque encountered strong criticism from some area residents; a ban on broadcasting the call to prayer over loudspeakers outside the building was among the first stipulations that the mosque's supporters had to agree to when seeking a building permit.[4]

In 2008 in Oxford, England, local residents opposed a mosque's plans to use loudspeakers to broadcast calls to prayer, calling the electronic amplification an "un-neighborly intrusion" that would disrupt the peace and turn the area into a "Muslim ghetto".[5] A spokesman for the Oxford Central Mosque explained, "We do not need the volume to be loud but we want to have the call in some form because it's our tradition."[5]

In 2004, the Al-Islah Mosque in Hamtramck, Michigan, US, attracted national attention when it requested permission to broadcast its call to prayer. This upset many of the non-Muslim residents of the area, which has a large and long-established Polish Catholic population. Proponents pointed out that the city was already subject to loud bell ringing from the local church, while opponents argued that the church bells served a nonreligious purpose. Later that year, the city amended its noise regulations to limit the volume of all religious sounds. Prior to this, other mosques in the Detroit area had been using loudspeakers to broadcast their calls to prayer without incident.[6]

In India, some anti-noise pollution activists have called for restricting the use of loudspeakers, arguing that "religion is not a ground to violate noise rules".[7] In 1999, in debating a proposed blanket ban on loudspeakers atop mosques, some political leaders in India alleged that loudspeakers had been used to create "communal tension", and that they had been used to "incite" a riot in Nandurbar, Maharashtra state, on November 10, 1999.[8]

In 2002, Saudi Minister of Islamic Affairs Shaikh Saleh Al-Ashaikh sent an official order to Saudi imams and khatibs, stating that mosques should not be used as political platforms, and that mosques are meant only for prayer, guidance and other pious activities.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Adhan And Iqamat (Iqamah)". Hizmetbooks.org. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  2. ^ Riyadh (Afp) (2009-04-25). "Variety News | Saudi cracks down on blaring mosque speakers". Alarabiya.net. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  3. ^ "[IslamCity] Cairo's Dilemma Over Prayer Calls". Mail-archive.com. 2005-05-09. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  4. ^ Landler, Mark (2007-07-05). "Germans Split Over a Mosque and the Role of Islam". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-05-11. 
  5. ^ a b "Mosque's plan to broadcast call to prayer from loudspeaker 'will create Muslim ghetto' | Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. 2008-01-14. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  6. ^ Leland, John (2004-05-05). "Call to Prayer in Michigan Causes Tension". NYTimes.com. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  7. ^ "Anti-noise crusader for curbs on loudspeaker use in mosques". Thaindian.com. Retrieved 2010-01-15. 
  8. ^ "Mosques must get permission to install loudspeakers: Dy CM". Indian Express. Retrieved 2012-10-04. 
  9. ^ "Mosques not to be used as political platforms". Saudiembassy.net. 2002-12-07. Retrieved 2010-01-15.