Loughton tube station

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Loughton London Underground
Loughton station building.JPG
Station entrance
Loughton is located in Essex
Loughton
Loughton
Location of Loughton in Essex
Location Loughton
Local authority Epping Forest
Managed by London Underground
Number of platforms 3
Fare zone 6
London Underground annual entry and exit
2010 Increase 2.76 million[1]
2011 Increase 3.00 million[2]
2012 Increase 3.02 million[2]
2013 Increase 3.17 million[2]
Key dates
1856 First station opened
1865 Second station opened
1940 Third (present) station opened
18 April 1966 Goods yard closed[3]
Listed status
Listing grade II
Entry number 1141221[4]
Added to list 17 May 1994
Other information
Lists of stations
Portal icon London Transport portalCoordinates: 51°38′29″N 0°03′19″E / 51.64138°N 0.05527°E / 51.64138; 0.05527

Loughton is a London Underground station, some two miles north of the Greater London boundary, in the Epping Forest district of Essex.

It is served by the Central line and lies between Buckhurst Hill and Debden. It is the larger of the two Underground stations in the town of Loughton, with Debden station being the smaller.

For the purposes of fare charging it is in Zone 6.

History[edit]

View NE, towards Epping and Ongar in 1957

The original station was opened by the Eastern Counties Railway on 22 August 1856 and formed the terminus of the branch from London. The actual location was on the site of what is now Cafe Rouge, near the Lopping Hall in Loughton High Road, on a continuation of what eventually became the goods sidings, the line running across what are now the house sites and gardens on the west side of Station Road. The post 1865 goods and carriage sidings no longer exist and were located where the present car parks are. The pre-1865 station also had sidings and a coal wharf, extending almost to what is now St Mary's Church. This station is extensively documented in H W Paar and others, Loughton's First Station 2002 and in Pond, Strugnell and Martin The Loughton Railway 150 years on, 2006. There was also an excursion station or platform constructed along the westernmost edge of the goods yard site: this was used for the many thousands of excursionists who used Loughton as a base to visit nearby Epping Forest.

It was re-sited some 500 yards to the south on 24 April 1865 as part of the extension of the line to Epping and Ongar. A new station was opened on 28 April 1940 in readiness for London Underground trains, which took over the service from British Railways (Eastern Region) on 21 November 1948.

The station today[edit]

The current station is of notable architectural importance and is a Grade II listed building.[5] Designed by John Murray Easton for the London & North Eastern Railway, on behalf of London Transport, the main structure consists of a high, square block dominated by large arched windows at high level. The main elevation is flanked by symmetrical wings and, to the south, a single storey extension. The whole building, as well as the associated disused signal cabin and sub-station, is finished in carefully bonded, incised, gault bricks. The ticket hall takes the form of a lofty arched hall, from which leads a subway that gives access to the two island platforms. The platforms are dominated by graceful, gull-winged shaped reinforced canopies that were altered during 1980s renovations. Although some original platform furniture has been lost the timber platform benches, with the London Underground roundel forming the seat backs, survive.[6]

View of platforms

The station has four platform faces and three tracks, with the middle bi-directional track usually used for terminating trains. A proportion of eastbound trains are scheduled to terminate at Loughton, most of which return to central London, although some go out of service into Loughton sidings (usually after the evening peak and late at night) which can accommodate 10 trains. A traincrew depot ("the Powerhouse") was converted from the matching electrical substation to the north-east of the station in 2006.

Bus station[edit]

A small bus station is situated in the station forecourt, where there are London Buses services, alongside commercial and Essex County Council contract bus services.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012. 
  2. ^ a b c "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 
  3. ^ Hardy, Brian, ed. (March 2011). "How it used to be - freight on The Underground 50 years ago". Underground News (London Underground Railway Society) (591): 175–183. ISSN 0306-8617. 
  4. ^ "LOUGHTON LONDON REGIONAL TRANSPORT UNDERGROUND STATION WITH ASSOCIATED SHOPS AND PLATFORMS". National Heritage List for England. English Heritage. 
  5. ^ http://list.english-heritage.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1141221
  6. ^ Underground Architecture; David Lawrence; Capital Transport; London; 1994

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Underground no-text.svg London Underground   Following station
Central line
Epping branch
towards Epping