Louis A. Merrilat
|Date of birth:||June 9, 1892|
|Date of death:||April 1948 (aged 55)|
Louis Alfred "Merry" Merrilat, Jr. (June 9, 1892 – April 26, 1948) was an American football end and military officer. He played college football with Army and was selected as a first-team All-American in both 1913 and 1914. He was wounded in battle while serving in France during World War I and later played in the National Football League for the Canton Bulldogs in the 1925 NFL season. He became a soldier of fortune, training Iran's Persian Guard, working with the Chinese Army in the 1930s, and serving in the French Foreign Legion.
Athlete at West Point
A native of Chicago, Illinois, Merrilat was a cadet at the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York, from June 1911 to June 1915. While serving as a cadet, Merrilat was an all-around athlete, competing for Army in football, baseball, basketball and track. He gained fame as an end for the Army Black Knights football team and was selected as a first-team All-American in both 1913 and 1914. The passing team of "Prichard to Merrilat" was one of the first great passing combinations in college football, and Merrilat was noted for playing "the western game, something which had not been seen before in the east." Merrilat's teammates on the Army football teams included two of the leading generals of World War II – Omar Bradley, who played at the opposite end position from Merrilat, and Dwight Eisenhower, who played halfback until a leg injury sidelined him.
In 1914, Merrilat helped lead Army to an undefeated 9–0 season. In the final game of the season, Army defeated Navy 20 to 0, as Merillat blocked a punt in the end zone for a safety and scored on a 20-yard touchdown pass.
After graduating, Merrilat served in the U.S. Army as a second lieutenant from 1915 to 1916 and a first lieutenant from 1916 to 1917. In May 1917, one month after the entry of the United States into World War I, Merrilat was promoted to the rank of captain of the infantry. He sailed for France with the American Expeditionary Forces in March 1918 and was promoted to the rank of temporary major of the infantry in June 1918. He participated in the Battle of Château-Thierry, Second Battle of the Marne, and Meuse-Argonne Offensive. He was severely wounded by airplane machine gun fire at Avocourt and sailed for the United States on December 24, 1918.
Professional football and basketball
In 1926, Merrilat and a partner, Jim Kinney, organized a professional basketball team in Canton, Ohio. At the time, Merillat expressed his belief that professional basketball would flourish, telling a reporter for an Ohio newspaper, "Professional basketball is attracting the sport fans because it is the best type of basketball they can see ... [A] professional basketball team is made up of the stars from several teams and necessarily must be stronger and better than any amateur team because it is composed of experts." Merrilat opined that his Canton team was "one of the strongest in the country."
Soldier of fortune
Merrilat spent many years as a "soldier of fortune." In Iran, he trained the Persian Guard. From Iran, Merrilat traveled to China where he was a general and trained more than 40,000 Chinese troops, "the pick of their army." Merrilat developed a reputation as a soldier with "no equal as a troop trainer or an army builder." When World War II began, Merrilat reported to the French and served on the Maginot Line. After a few months, he left and became a captain in the French Foreign Legion where he reportedly "served with bravery and distinction."
World War II
When the United States entered the war after the attack on Pearl Harbor, Merrilat resigned from the French Foreign Legion and enlisted in the U.S. Army, where he was given a position training the troops. Promoted to the rank of colonel, Merrilat was put in charge of the Army's forces at Miami Beach, Florida, during World War II. Ninety hotels in Miami Beach were taken over by the Army during the war, and Merrilat turned over the keys to the final building to Mayor Herbert Frink in June 1946.
Family and death
In November 1915, Merrilat became the subject of press coverage when he was sued by Helen Van Ness for breach of promise after breaking off an engagement. Merrilat married another woman, Ethel Wynne, in June 1915. Merrilat hired the noted Chicago attorney, Clarence Darrow, to defend him against the charges.
After a year-long illness, Merrilat died in Chicago in April 1948 at age 55. He was buried at Arlington National Cemetery. He was survived by his widow and two daughters, Mary Lou Chaporis and Ethel Merrilat.
- "Spiegel Gets Place on Star Grid Eleven". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. 1914-11-22.
- "Eckersall Names All-Stars: Eckersall Names One Western Man; Maulbetsch of Michigan on All-American". Waterloo Evening Courier. 1914-12-07.
- "Herbert Reed, Mack Whalen And The Newark News Selected Toohey On Their All-American Eastern Team". New Brunswick Times. 1914-12-07.
- "Camp Picks All-American Eleven: 2 Western Men on All-America Football Team". The Indianapolis Star. 1913-12-14.
- "Menke Picks His All-American Team: Harvard Champion Team Gets Only Three Places". Naugatuck Daily News. 1913-12-03.
- "Bob McWhorter Is Picked on All-American Eleven". Atlanta Constitution. 1913-12-09.
- "Louis Merrillat, Army and Navy Game Hero". Racine Journal-News. 1913-12-06.
- "Rites Held For Prichard; High Tributes Given". The Democrat (Emmetsburg, IA). 1949-07-21.
- Brevet-Major-General George W. Cullum (1920). Biographical Register of the Officers and Graduates of the United States Military Academy at West Point, New York. Seemann & Peters, Printers. p. 1770.
- "Two Football Stars Receive Wounds Abroad: Welch of Carlisle and Merillat of West Point Hurt in France". Syracuse Herald. 1919-01-29.
- "Lou Merrilat profile". pro-football-reference.com.
- "PRO BASKETBALL MAY GET START HERE THIS YEAR". Evening Independent (Massillon, Ohio). 1926-01-18.
- Grantland Rice (1948-07-06). "Do You Remember Merrillat of Army? He Was a Good One; He Caught Prichard's Passes and He Was Soldier of Fortune". Syracuse Herald Journal.
- "Last Beach Building Held by Military Reverts Today". Miami News. 1946-06-30.
- "Merillat, Former Army Eleven Captain, Is Sued for Breach of Promise". Indianapolis Star. 1915-11-23.
- "SHE SUES ARMY ATHLETE: Girl Claims Lieut. Merillat Jilted Her and Asks $20,000; Miss Van Ness, of Ohio, Says Officer Wed Another — Met Him at West Point Social Function". The Washington Post. 1915-11-23.
- "ASKS $20,000 HEART BALM: GIRL SUES ARMY OFFICER; Miss Van Ness and Lieutenant Merillat, Jr.; Jilted Stenographer Seeks Redress When West Pointer Weds Another". Salt Lake Tribune. 1915-11-29.
- "Former Army All-American Gridder Dies In Chicago". Morning Avalanche (Lubbock, TX). 1948-04-28.