Louis Armand II, Prince of Conti

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Louis Armand
Prince of Conti
Drawing of Louis Armand de Bourbon (1695-1727) as Prince of Conti.png
Spouse Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon
Issue
Detail
Louis de Bourbon, Count of La Marche
Louis François de Bourbon, Prince of Conti
Louis Armand de Bourbon, Duke of Mercœur
Charles de Bourbon, Count of Alais
Louise Henriette de Bourbon
Full name
Louis Armand de Bourbon
House House of Bourbon
Father François Louis, Prince of Conti
Mother Marie Thérèse de Bourbon
Born (1695-10-11)11 October 1695
Palace of Versailles, Versailles, France
Died 5 April 1727(1727-04-05) (aged 31)
Hôtel de Conti, Paris, France

Louis Armand de Bourbon, Prince of Conti (10 November 1695[1] – 4 May 1727) was Prince of Conti, from 1709 to his death, succeeding his father François Louis, Prince of Conti. As a member of the reigning House of Bourbon, he was a Prince du Sang. His mother was Marie Thérèse de Bourbon, a grand daughter of Louis de Bourbon, le Grand Condé. He was nominated as the Prince of Orange by Louis XIV in 1712.

His male line descendants died out in 1814; through his daughter however, he is an ancestor of the present-day pretenders to the throne of France and Italy and the kings of Spain and Belgium.

Biography[edit]

Born at the Palace of Versailles, he was one of seven children born to his parents and their only son to live past the age of 5. At the age of 8 on 30 June 1704 he was baptised. Held at Versailles, the ceremony, Louis XIV had Mary of Modena as the guest of honour; Mary was the widow of the exiled James II of England.

Louis was often described as being "hideous"; he was humpbacked and very unattractive.[citation needed]

At the age of 13 his father died in Paris (9 February 1709) and Louis Armand succeeded to the Conti title and wealth, although there was no real principality. On 1 January 1711, Louis Armand was made a knight of the Order of the Holy Spirit.

On 9 July 1713,[2] Louis Armand married his maternal first cousin, Louise Élisabeth de Bourbon, known as Mademoiselle de Bourbon. Another proposed bride was Louise Anne de Bourbon, sister of Mademoiselle de Bourbon.

The event, also took place at Versailles and was part of a double marriage; on the same day his oldest sister Marie Anne de Bourbon married Louis Henri de Bourbon, known as the Duke of Bourbon.

In the end, Louise Élisabeths brother Charles even proposed to Charlotte Aglaé who is said to have considered the proposal but refused. Charlotte Aglaé herself married the Duke of Modena in 1720 in the presence of Louis Armand and Louis Élisabeth.

The marriage of Louis Armand and Louise Élisabeth would later become stormy.[citation needed]

Louise Élisabeth, his wife by Pierre Gobert.

Louise Élisabeth was known to have been unfaithful to her husband, a liaison with the handsome Philippe Charles de La Fare was well known at court. In August 1716, Louis Armand caught Smallpox; it was Louise Élisabeth who would nurse him until his recovery. Louise Élisabeth later caught the illness herself but survived the disease.

It was at this time that Louis Armand found out about Louise Élisabeth's affair with Monsieur de La Fare. He is reported to have hurt his wife to the point that she had to see a doctor on two separate occasions.[citation needed] Louise Élisabeth stayed at the Palais Bourbon which was her mothers private home in Paris. She also stayed at a convent in the capital. At the birth of their second son in 1717, Louis Armand said to her that he did not care for the child as he could not have been his; in turn, the proud Louise Élisabeth replied that she did not care for the child either because he was his.[3]

Louise Élisabeth and Louis Armand had to go to many court hearings in Paris. In 1725, she consented to return to the Prince of Conti, who had her confined to the Château de l'Isle-Adam. She was able later, however, to convince him to allow her to return to Paris in order to give birth to her daughter. It was while in Paris she gave birth to their only daughter Louise Henriette.

He was treated with great liberality by Louis XIV of France, and also by the Regent the Duke Philippe II, Duke of Orléans. Louis Armand was a prominent supporter of the financial schemes of John Law, by which he made large sums of money.

It was during the Regency of 1715 - 1723, Louis Armand was appointed a member of the Regency council itself as well as a member of the Council of War. In April 1717 he received the government of the Poitou region of France. This appointment came with a wage of 45,000 Livres.

He served under Marshal Villars in the War of the Spanish Succession, but he lacked the soldierly qualities of his father.

Louis Armand died at the Hôtel de Conti in Paris due to a "chest swelling".

  • Louis Armand was also the Count of Alais, Beaumont-sur-Oise and of Pézenas; he was also the Duke of Mercœur. He also owned the Lordship of L'Isle-Adam.

Issue[edit]

Name Portrait Lifespan Notes
Louis de Bourbon
Count of La Marche
Blason Condé-Conti.svg 28 March 1715 -
1 August 1717
Born in Paris, he died in infancy;
Louis François de Bourbon
Prince of Conti
Louis 15.jpg 13 August 1717 -
2 August 1776
Born in Paris, he was the heir to the Conti titles and lands. Husband of Louise Diane d'Orléans; had issue;
Louis Armand de Bourbon
Duke of Mercœur
Blason Condé-Conti.svg 19 August 1720-
13 May 1722
Born in Paris, he died in infancy;
Charles de Bourbon
Count of Alais
Blason Condé-Conti.svg 5 February 1722-
7 August 1730
Born in Paris, he died in infancy;
Louise Henriette de Bourbon
Duchess of Orléans
Duchess of Étampes
Louise Henriette de Bourbon-Conti.jpg 20 June 1726 –
9 February 1759
Born in Paris, she was Louise Élisabeth's only daughter; known as Mademoiselle de Conti in her youth, she married Louis Philippe d'Orléans, Duke of Chartres at Versailles in 1743; she had issue and was the mother of Philippe Égalité and Bathilde d'Orléans, the last princesse de Condé.

Ancestry[edit]

Titles, styles, honours and arms[edit]

Titles and styles[edit]

Military ranks[edit]

Honours[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Louis Armand II de Bourbon, Prince de Conti
  2. ^ Louis Armand was rumoured to be a possible husband for Charlotte Aglaé d'Orléans when she returned to court 1711-12. She was a daughter of Philippe d'Orléans and Françoise-Marie de Bourbon
  3. ^ ^ Pevitt, Christine, The Man Who Would Be King The Life of Philippe d'Orléans Regent of France, Weidenfeld & Nicolson, London, 1997, (English), p.209

Titles[edit]

Louis Armand II, Prince of Conti
Born: 10 November 1695 Died: 4 May 1727
French nobility
Preceded by
François Louis de Bourbon
Prince of Conti
9 February 1709 – 4 May 1727
Succeeded by
Louis François de Bourbon