Louis Dominique Bourguignon

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The execution of Cartouche, 1721

Louis Dominique Garthausen, also known as Cartouche (1693, Paris–November 28, 1721, Paris; age 27–28), who usually went by the name of Louis Bourguignon or Louis Lamarre when he wanted to hide his identity, was a highwayman reported to steal from the rich and give to the poor in the environs of Paris during the Régence until the authorities had him broken on the wheel.

Cartouche's personal dash and exploits were exploited in ballads and popular prints and have been vividly revived in bodice-rippers and the swashbuckling romance with slapstick comedy of the film Cartouche (1962) by Philippe de Broca, starring Jean Paul Belmondo and the twenty-three-year-old Claudia Cardinale.