Louis Lomax

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Louis Lomax
Louis Lomax.jpg
Louis Lomax in an undated photo
Born (1922-08-16)August 16, 1922
Valdosta, Georgia
Died July 30, 1970(1970-07-30) (aged 47)
Santa Rosa, New Mexico
Nationality  American
Alma mater Yale University
American University
Paine College

Louis E. Lomax (August 16, 1922 – July 30, 1970) was an African-American journalist and author. He was also the first African-American television journalist.

Early years[edit]

Lomax was born in Valdosta, Georgia.[1] He attended Paine College in Augusta, Georgia, where he became editor of the student newspaper before he graduated in 1942.[2] He pursued graduate studies at American University, where he was awarded an M.A. in 1944, and Yale University, where he earned a Ph.D. in 1947.[3]

Lomax was married three times. His first wife was Betty Frank (1958–1961),[4] his second was Wanda Kay (1961–1967),[5] and his third was Robinette Kirk (1968–1970).[6]

Career[edit]

Lomax began his journalism career at the Afro-American and the Chicago Defender. These two newspapers focused on news that interested African-American readers.[1] In 1958, he became the first African-American television journalist when he joined WNTA-TV in New York.[7][8]

In 1959, Lomax told his colleague Mike Wallace about the Nation of Islam. Lomax and Wallace produced a five-part documentary about the organization, The Hate That Hate Produced, which aired during the week of July 13, 1959. The program was the first time most white people heard about the Nation and its leader, Elijah Muhammad, as well as its charismatic spokesman, Malcolm X.[9]

Lomax later became a freelance writer, and his articles were published in publications such as Harper's, Life Pageant, The Nation, and The New Leader.[2] His subjects included the Civil Rights Movement, the Nation of Islam, and the Black Panther Party.[3] In 1961, he was awarded the Anisfield-Wolf Book Award for his book, The Reluctant African.[10]

From 1964 to 1968, Lomax hosted a semi-weekly television program on KTTV in Los Angeles.[3] Lomax also spoke frequently on college campuses.[1]

Lomax was a supporter of several civil rights organizations, including the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).[11] In 1968, he signed the "Writers and Editors War Tax Protest" pledge, vowing to refuse tax payments in protest against U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War.[12]

Death[edit]

Lomax died in a car accident when the brakes on his car failed near Santa Rosa, New Mexico.[13][14] At the time, he was working on a documentary concerning the role played by the FBI in the death of Malcolm X. According to The Washington Post staff writer Karl Evanzz, Lomax's death may have been connected to the documentary.[15] At the time of his death, Lomax had a 141-page FBI file.[16]

Selected works[edit]

  • The Reluctant African (1960)
  • The Negro Revolt (1962)
  • When the Word Is Given: A Report on Elijah Muhammad, Malcolm X, and the Black Muslim World (1963)
  • Thailand: The War That Is, The War That Will Be (1967)
  • To Kill a Black Man: The Shocking Parallel in the Lives of Malcolm X and Martin Luther King Jr. (1968)

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Louis E. Lomax". Reporting Civil Rights. Library of America. Retrieved March 28, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b "Louis Lomax Bio and Notes". ChickenBones: A Journal. Retrieved March 28, 2009. 
  3. ^ a b c Griote, Simond. "Life and Times of Louis E. Lomax". Gibbs Magazine. Retrieved March 28, 2009. 
  4. ^ "Wife Divorces Writer Lomax in Mexico". Jet. June 22, 1961. p. 24. Retrieved January 1, 2010. 
  5. ^ "Wife of Author Louis Lomax Sues for Divorce". Jet. February 23, 1967. p. 22. Retrieved January 1, 2010. 
  6. ^ "Louis Lomax Weds TV Assistant, Resigns as TV Host". Jet. March 21, 1968. p. 14. Retrieved January 1, 2010. 
  7. ^ Newkirk, Pamela (2002). Within the Veil: Black Journalists, White Media. New York: New York University Press. p. xxv. ISBN 0-8147-5800-2. 
  8. ^ Murray, Michael D. (1999). Encyclopedia of Television News. Phoenix: Oryx Press. p. 203. ISBN 1-57356-108-8. 
  9. ^ Joseph, Peniel E. (2006). Waiting 'til the Midnight Hour: A Narrative History of Black Power in America. New York: Henry Holt and Company. pp. 21–23. ISBN 0-8050-7539-9. 
  10. ^ "Anisfield-Wolf Book Awards". lovethebook.com. Retrieved October 2, 2011. 
  11. ^ "Louis Lomax". Columbia Center for New Media Teaching and Learning. Retrieved March 28, 2009. 
  12. ^ Writers and Editors War Tax Protest". January 30, 1968. New York Post.
  13. ^ "Louis E. Lomax, 1922–1970". Civil Rights Digital Library. Archived from the original on June 14, 2008. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 
  14. ^ Evanzz, Karl (1992). The Judas Factor: The Plot to Kill Malcolm X. New York: Thunder's Mouth Press. p. 318. ISBN 1-56025-049-6. 
  15. ^ Evanzz. The Judas Factor. pp. xxiv, 318. 
  16. ^ "Freedom of Information Privacy Act". Federal Bureau of Investigation. Archived from the original on November 5, 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2011. 

External links[edit]