Louis François de Monteynard

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Louis François, marquis de Monteynard (13 May 1713, La Pierre, Isère – 3 May 1791, Paris) was a French soldier and statesman.

Life[edit]

At the age of 14, he enlisted in the Royal Regiment des Vaisseaux, a regiment commanded by his cousin, the Chevalier de Marcieu. He participated in all major campaigns of Louis XV, on the battlefields of Italy, Austria, on the island of Minorca, Germany and Holland.

In 1759 he became Lieutenant General, the highest military rank in the period before the title of Marshal of France. In 1771, He was called by Louis XV to replace Duc de Choiseul to the position of Secretary of State for War. In the three years of his ministry, he called for many actions to improve the lot of soldiers. He was cited as an example in the Voltaire's dictionary of philosophy. He also became the first governor general of the Corsica, and was the creator of the cavalry school of Saumur, which gave birth after the Revolution, to the Cadre Noir.

In the Dauphiné region, he was one of the underwriters of the Public Library Grenoble. In 1771, at the request of the consuls from Grenoble, he opposed the removal of the Parliament of the Dauphiné in Valencia. Their debates were held at the Hotel de Grenoble.

From 1773 he devoted himself to his homeland. At the Pierre, he rebuilt the parsonage. In 1775, he constructed the castle Cruzille in Tencin, where he never had the chance to live.

He died in Paris during the French Revolution. In defiance of laws prohibiting burials in churches in 1788, he was buried within the Church of Jacobins, by the poor of his district and former soldiers.


Bibliography[edit]

  • (French) Perrin, Bernard, Dans l'ombre de l'Histoire : Louis-François de Monteynard, un exemple pour l’Europe, La Pierre, L'ombre de l'Histoire, [2001]
Political offices
Preceded by
Étienne-François de Choiseul
Secretary of State for War
1771–1774
Succeeded by
Emmanuel–Armand Vignerot du Plessis


This article incorporates information from the revision as of 16 July 2007 of the equivalent article on the French Wikipedia.