Louis Gerhard De Geer

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
For Louis Gerard De Geer's son, Gerard Louis De Geer, also a Prime Minister of Sweden, see Gerhard Louis De Geer.
Louis Gerhard De Geer
Louis De Geer 1818-1896 from Hildebrand Sveriges historia.jpg
1st Prime Minister of Sweden
In office
20 March 1876 – 19 April 1880
(4 years, 30 days)
Monarch Oscar II
Preceded by Post established
Succeeded by Arvid Posse
Personal details
Born (1818-07-18)18 July 1818
Finspång, Östergötland, Sweden
Died 24 September 1896(1896-09-24) (aged 78)
Hanaskog, Skåne, Sweden
Political party Independent liberal

Baron Louis Gerard De Geer of Finspång (18 July 1818 – 24 September 1896) was a Swedish statesman and writer.

De Geer was born at Finspång manor. He was a lawyer, and in 1855 became president of the Göta Hovrätt, or lord justice for the appellate court of Götaland. From 7 April 1858 to 3 June 1870 he was Prime Minister for Justice and again from 11 May 1875 to 20 March 1876. As a member of the nobility he took part in the Swedish Riksdag of the Estates from 1851 onwards. From 1867 to 1878 he was the member for Stockholm in the first chamber in the New Riksdag, and introduced and passed many useful reforms.

Architect of the New Riksdag[edit]

His greatest political achievement was the reform of the Swedish representative system. The reforms introduced a bi-cameral elected Riksdag replacing the existing cumbersome and less democratic Riksdag of the Estates, a hangover from the later Medieval Times. This measure was accepted by the Riksdag in December 1865, and received the royal sanction on 22 June 1866. For some time after this De Geer enjoyed considerable popularity. He retired from the ministry in 1870, but took office again, as Prime Minister of Justice in 1875.

First Prime Minister[edit]

In 1876 he became the first Prime Minister of Sweden following a reform where the previous offices of Prime Minister for Justice (which he held at the time) and Prime Minister for Foreign Affairs where changed into Minister for Justice and a Minister for Foreign Affairs. He served until April 1880, when the failure of his repeated efforts to settle the armaments question again induced him to resign. From 1881 to 1888 he was Chancellor for the Universities of Uppsala and Lund. He was an advocate of free trade and economic liberalism and some argue laid the foundations for the strong economic growth in Sweden from 1870 to 1970.

Literary works[edit]

Besides several novels and aesthetic essays, De Geer has written a few political memoirs of supreme merit both as to style and matter, the most notable of which are: Minnesteckning öfver A. J. v. Höpken (Stockholm, 1881); Minnesteckning öfver Hans Järta (Stockholm, 1874); Minnesteckning öfver B. B. von Platen (Stockholm, 1886); and his own Minnen (Stockholm, 1892), an autobiography, invaluable as a historical document, in which the political experience and the matured judgments of a lifetime are recorded with singular clearness, sobriety and charm. For example, his explanation of why he, at such a young age, was appointed Prime Minister of Justice, was that in the narrow circles of Swedish nobility at the time, it was difficult to find anyone with at least the mediocre intelligence which was needed for the office.

Membership in academies[edit]

De Geer was a member in the Swedish Academy from 1862, on Seat 17. In 1862, he was also elected a member of the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.

Family[edit]

His son Louis De Geer was also prime minister of Sweden for a short period.

De Geer in a contemporary newspaper caricature, depicted as St George fighting the four-headed dragon of the old four-chamber Riksdag of the Estates. From Emil Hildebrand, Sveriges historia intill tjugonde seklet (1910).

References[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Office established
Prime Minister of Sweden
20 March 1876–19 April 1880
Succeeded by
Arvid Posse
Cultural offices
Preceded by
Anders Magnus Strinnholm
Swedish Academy,
Seat No.17

1862-1896
Succeeded by
Pehr Jacob von Ehrenheim