Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse

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Louis III
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
Ludwig3Hesse.jpg
Reign 1848 – 13 June 1877
Predecessor Louis II
Successor Louis IV
Spouse Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria
Baroness Magdalen of Hochstadten (morganatic)
House House of Hesse-Darmstadt
Father Grand Duke Louis II of Hesse
Mother Wilhelmine of Baden
Born (1806-06-09)9 June 1806
Darmstadt, Hesse
Died 13 June 1877(1877-06-13) (aged 71)
Seeheim, Hesse
Burial Rosenhohe, Darmstadt
Grand Ducal Family of
Hesse and by Rhine
Wappen-HD.png
Louis II
Children
   Louis III
   Prince Charles
   Princess Elisabeth
   Prince Alexander
   Maria Alexandrovna, Empress of Russia
Grandchildren
   Louis IV
   Prince Heinrich
   Anna, Grand Duchess of Mecklenburg-Schwerin
   Prince Wilhelm
Louis III

Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine (German: Großherzog Ludwig III von Hessen und bei Rhein; 9 June 1806, Darmstadt – 13 June 1877, Seeheim) was Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine from 1848 until his death in 1877.

Biography[edit]

1859 thaler of Hesse, depicting Louis III.

He was the son of Grand Duke Louis II of Hesse and his consort Wilhelmine of Baden. He succeeded as Grand Duke in 1848 upon the abdication of his father during the March Revolution in the German states.

During the Austro-Prussian War of 1866, Louis sent word more than once to Queen Victoria, mother-in-law of his nephew and successor Louis, appealing to her to reason on his behalf with the King of Prussia, "in the same sense I had already written before, but it would be utterly useless."[1]

He was succeeded by his nephew, Louis IV, on 13 June 1877, as his brother Charles (Louis' father) had already died three months previously, in March.

Marriages[edit]

In Munich, on 26 December 1833, he married Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria. The marriage produced no children and the Grand Duke remarried, morganatically, in 1868 to Magdalene Appel who was created Baroness of Hochstädten.

Ancestry[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (=14)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Heiress of Lichtenberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. Louis I, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (=30)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken (=15)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (=31)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. Louis II, Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (=16, 26)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Landgrave George William of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Heiress of Lichtenberg (=17, 27)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Landgravine Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Count Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Princess Louise of Leiningen-Heidesheim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Countess Catharine Polyxene of Solms-Rödelheim-Assenheim
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Baden-Durlach
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Charles Frederick, Grand Duke of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Princess Amalia of Nassau-Dietz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Charles Louis, Hereditary Prince of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (=16, 28)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Landgravine Caroline Louise of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Heiress of Lichtenberg (=17, 29)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Princess Wilhelmine of Baden
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Louis VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (=16, 26)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Louis IX, Landgrave of Hesse-Darmstadt (=8)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Countess Charlotte of Hanau-Lichtenberg, Heiress of Lichtenberg (=17, 27)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Landgravine Amalie of Hesse-Darmstadt
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Christian III, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken (=18)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Countess Palatine Caroline of Zweibrücken (=9)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Countess Caroline of Nassau-Saarbrücken (=19)
 
 
 
 
 
 
Louis III, Grand Duke of Hesse
Born: 9 June 1806 Died: 13 June 1877
German royalty
Preceded by
Louis II
Grand Duke of Hesse and by Rhine
1848–1877
Succeeded by
Louis IV

External links[edit]


  1. ^ "Queen Victoria's Journals". Princess Beatrice's copies. RA VIC/MAIN/QVJ(W). 15 May 1866.