Louis Saint-Gaudens (January 1, 1854 – March 8, 1913) was a significant American sculptor of the Beaux-Arts generation. He was the brother of renowned sculptor Augustus Saint-Gaudens; Louis later changed the spelling of his name to St. Gaudens to differentiate himself from his well-known brother.
Life and career
Born in New York City to a French-born father, Bernard Paul Ernest Saint-Gaudens, and an Irish-born mother, Mary McGuiness, Louis received his early training as a cameo cutter from his brother, who later assisted him in beginning his art studies in Rome. In 1878 he and his brother Augustus moved to Paris where they shared a studio and attended the École des Beaux-Arts. Louis studied at the École from 1879 to 1880.
Returning to America, he settled in Flint, Ohio, where he lived from 1898 to 1900. There he met his future wife, sculptor Annetta Johnson. Their son, Paul Saint-Gaudens, was a master potter who became known for his Orchard Kiln Pottery Works. In 1900 the family relocated to Cornish, New Hampshire, a mile away from Louis's brother's studio.
For the rest of his life, Louis Saint-Gaudens not only worked as his brother's assistant but also pursued commissions of his own. He sculpted major pieces for the Boston Public Library; the Church of the Ascension, New York; The Brearley School, New York; Union Station, Washington, D.C.; U.S. Customs House, New York; St. Louis Art Museum; Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; New York Life Insurance Company Building, New York; the Joseph Francis U.S. Congressional Medal; and the Benjamin Franklin Centennial Medal of 1906.
The over fifty sculptures that Saint-Gaudens completed for Washington, D.C.'s Union Station are considered his masterwork. He was a member of the National Sculpture Society.
- 1890 Eagle and nest of eaglets - New York Life Insurance Building, Kansas City, MO
- 1891 Young St. John the Baptist - Font of Church of the Ascension (New York)
- 1894 Lions - Boston Public Library, Boston, MA
- 1896 Statue of Homer - Main Reading Room, Library of Congress - Washington, DC
- 1902 Eagles and seal of the State of New York - Roswell P. Flower Monument, Watertown, NY (with Augustus Saint-Gaudens)
- 1905 Holland Statue, Exterior of Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House, New York, NY
- 1905 Portugal Statue, Exterior of Alexander Hamilton U.S. Custom House, New York, NY
- 1908 Joseph Francis Medal, United States Mint
- 1912 The Progress of Railroading, Union Station (Washington, D.C.)
- 1914 Forty-six Roman Legionnaire Statues - Interior of Union Station (Washington, D.C.)
- Opitz, Glenn B., Mantle Fielding's Dictionary of American Painters, Sculptors & Engravers, Apollo Books, Poughkeepsie, New York, 1988
- "Art In American Churches", New York Times, January 20, 1895
- "Art Notes", New York Times, December 21, 1884
- "Louis St. Gaudens Dead", New York Times, March 13, 1913
- "Uncle Sam's Medal Factory", Washington Post, June 13, 1909
- Armstrong, Craven, et al., 200 Years of American Sculpture, Whitney Museum of Art, NYC, 1976
- Craven, Wayne, Sculpture in America, Thomas Y. Crowell Co, NY, NY 1968
- Goode, James M., The Outdoor Sculpture of Washington, DC, Smithsonian Press, Washington, DC, 1974
- Johnson, Louis, Early History of the Home & Studios of Louis and Annette St. Gaudens Published by John H. Dryfhout, Cornish, NH
- Saint-Gaudens, Augustus, The Reminiscences of Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Edited and Amplified by Homer Saint-Gaudens, Published By The Century Co. New York, MCMXIII
- Taft, Lorado, The History of American Sculpture, MacMillan Co., New York, NY 1925
- Wilkinson, Burke, and David Finn, photographs, Uncommon Clay: The Life and Works of Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Publishers, San Diego 1985
- The Greater Journey: Americans in Paris by David McCullough, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY, May 2011
- Louis Saint-Gaudens Home, New Hampshire
- "LOUIS SAINT-GAUDENS DEAD.; Brother of the Famous Sculptor a Victim of Pneumonia.". New York Times. March 10, 1913. Retrieved 2008-08-07.
- Augustus Saint-Gaudens, Master Sculptor, exhibition catalog fully online as PDF from The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which contains material on Louis Saint-Gaudens