Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria

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Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria
Ludbar.jpg
Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
Spouse(s) Anne de Bourbon-La Marche
Catherine of Alençon
Noble family House of Wittelsbach
Father Stephen III, Duke of Bavaria
Mother Taddea Visconti
Born c. 1368
Died 1 May 1447(1447-05-01)
Burghausen

Duke Louis VII of Bavaria (c. 1368 – 1 May 1447, Burghausen) (German: Ludwig VII. der Bärtige, Herzog von Bayern) was Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt from 1413 until 1443. He was a son of Stephen III and Taddea Visconti.

Biography[edit]

As brother of Isabella of Bavaria-Ingolstadt, wife of Charles VI of France, he spent several years in France. When he succeeded his father in 1413 he ordered to build the New Castle of Ingolstadt, which was strongly influenced by French Gothic.

New Castle of Ingolstadt

In 1408 Louis, William II, Duke of Bavaria-Straubing and John the Fearless, Duke of Burgundy defeated the citizens of Liege who revolted against William's brother John of Bavaria, the bishop of Liège on the field of Othée. Very hot-tempered Louis was not only in conflict with his former ally John the Fearless but fought also several times against his cousin Henry XVI of Bavaria-Landshut who had united his enemies in the Parakeet Society of 1414 and the League of Constance of 1415.

The death of John of Bavaria in 1425 caused a new conflict between Louis and his cousins Henry, Ernest, Duke of Bavaria-Munich and William III, Duke of Bavaria-Munich. As a result John's duchy Bavaria-Straubing then was partitioned between the four dukes in 1429.

Finally, Louis was imprisoned in 1443 by his own son, Louis VIII, who had allied with Henry XVI. Louis died in 1447 as Henry’s prisoner. Since Louis VIII had died already two years before, the duchy of Bavaria-Ingolstadt passed to Henry.

Marriages[edit]

Louis married twice. His first wife was Anne de Bourbon-La Marche, a daughter of John I, Count of La Marche, whom he married on 1 October 1402. She was the widow of Jean de Berry, Count of Montpensier. She died in 1408. In 1413, he married secondly Catherine of Alençon, the daughter of Peter II of Alençon and Marie Chamaillart, Viscountess of Beaumont-au- Maine. By his first wife he had two sons, Louis VIII of Bavaria-Ingolstadt (1 September 1403 – 7 April 1445) and a son Johann (born 1404) who died in early infancy. By his second wife he had a son Johann (born 6 February 1415) and an unnamed daughter. Both children died young. By various mistresses, Louis fathered several illegitimate children.

Ancestry[edit]

Louis VII, Duke of Bavaria
Born: c. 1368 Died: 1 May 1447
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Stephen III
Duke of Bavaria-Ingolstadt
1413–1443
Succeeded by
Louis VIII