Louis Vauxcelles (1 January 1870, Paris – 1943, Paris) was an influential French art critic. He is credited with coining the terms Fauvism (1905), and Cubism (1908).
Vauxcelles coined the phrase 'les fauves' (translated as 'wild beasts') to describe a circle of painters associated with Matisse. As their paintings were exposed in the same room as a classical sculpture, he stated his criticism and disapproval of their works by describing the sculpture as "a Donatello amongst wild beasts" ("Donatello parmi les fauves").
He first used the term cubism or bizarre cubiques in 1908 after seeing a picture by Braque. He mockingly described it as 'full of little cubes', after which the term quickly gained wide use although the two creators of the new style, Braque and Picasso, did not initially adopt it.