Louis de Duras, 2nd Earl of Feversham

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Louis de Duras, 2nd Earl of Feversham
Louis de Duras Earl of Feversham.JPG
Louis de Duras, 2nd Earl of Feversham
Born 1641
France
Died 1709
Allegiance Kingdom of England
Kingdom of Great Britain
Service/branch English Army
Rank Lieutenant-General
Battles/wars Glorious Revolution
Awards KG

Louis de Duras, 2nd Earl of Feversham KG (1641 – 19 April 1709) was a French nobleman who became Earl of Feversham in Stuart England.

Born in France, he was marquis de Blanquefort and sixth son of Guy Aldonce (1605–1665), Marquis of Duras and Count of Rozan, from the noble Durfort family. His mother was Elizabeth de la Tour d'Auvergne, sister of Henri de la Tour d'Auvergne, Vicomte de Turenne.

His two brothers Jacques Henri and Guy Aldonce were Marshals of France. He was a Huguenot.

In 1663 he came to England in the suite of James, duke of York, and was naturalized in the same year. On 19 January 1673 he was raised to the English peerage as Baron Duras, of Holdenby, his title being derived from an estate in Northamptonshire bought from the duke of York, and in 1676 he married Mary, daughter and elder co-heiress of Sir George Sondes,[1] created in that year Baron Throwley, Viscount Sondes and Earl of Feversham.

On the death of his father-in-law in 1677, Duras succeeded to his titles under a special remainder. His wife died in 1679. He was appointed by Charles II successively to the command of the third and first troops of Horse Guards, was sent abroad on several important diplomatic missions, and became Master of the Horse (1679) and Lord Chamberlain to the queen (1680). In 1682 he was appointed a Lord of the Bedchamber, and was present at the king's deathbed conversion to Roman Catholicism.

Under James II, Feversham became a member of the Privy Council, and in 1685 was given the chief command against the rebels under Monmouth, in which he mainly distinguished himself by his cruelty to the vanquished after the Battle of Sedgemoor. He was rewarded with a knighthood of the Garter and the colonelcy of the first troop of Life Guards, and in 1686 he was appointed to the command of the army assembled by King James on Blackheath to overawe the people.

After the Glorious Revolution, Feversham succeeded in making his peace with William, on the intercession of the queen dowager, at whose instance he received the mastership of the Royal Hospital of St. Catherine near the Tower (1698). He died without issue on 19 April 1709 and was buried in the Savoy, in the Strand (London) ; but removed on 21 March 1740 to Westminster Abbey.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Hasted, Edward (1798). "Parishes". The History and Topographical Survey of the County of Kent (Institute of Historical Research) 7: 38–50. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
Military offices
Preceded by
The Earl of Falmouth
Captain and Colonel of the
3rd Troop of Horse Guards

1665–1685
Succeeded by
The Lord Churchill
Preceded by
The Duke of Albemarle
Captain and Colonel of
His Majesty's Own Troop of Horse Guards

1685–1689
Succeeded by
The Viscount Lumley
Honorary titles
Preceded by
The Lord Teynham
Lord Lieutenant of Kent
1688–1689
Succeeded by
The Earl of Winchilsea
Peerage of England
Preceded by
George Sondes
Earl of Feversham
1677–1709
Extinct
New title Baron Duras
1673–1709