Louisa Montagu Douglas Scott, Duchess of Buccleuch

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Her Grace
The Duchess of Buccleuch
Born Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton
(1836-08-26)26 August 1836
Brighton, Sussex, England
Died 16 March 1912(1912-03-16) (aged 75)
Palace of Dalkeith, Midlothian, Scotland
Spouse(s) William Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch
Children Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, Earl of Dalkeith
John Montagu Douglas Scott, 7th Duke of Buccleuch
Lord George Montagu Douglas Scott
Lord Henry Montagu Douglas Scott
Lord Herbert Montagu Douglas Scott
Katherine Brand, Viscountess Hampden
Lady Constance Cairns
Lord Francis Montagu Douglas Scott
Parents James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn
Lady Louisa Jane Russell

Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton, Duchess of Buccleuch (26 August 1836 – 16 March 1912) was the daughter of James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn. In 1884, she became the Duchess of Buccleuch and Duchess of Queensberry, the wife of William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duke of Buccleuch & 8th Duke of Queensberry. She was the paternal grandmother of Princess Alice, Duchess of Gloucester and of Lady Marian Louisa Montagu Douglas Scott, also she was the maternal great-grandmother of Prince William of Gloucester, Prince Richard, Duke of Gloucester and great-great-grandmother of Sarah, Duchess of York.

Early life, marriage, and family[edit]

Louisa Jane Hamilton was born on Friday 26 August 1836 in Brighton, Sussex, England,[1] the third child of fourteen born to James Hamilton, 1st Duke of Abercorn and Louisa Jane Russell, daughter of John Russell, 6th Duke of Bedford.[2]

She married William Henry Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, Earl of Dalkeith on Tuesday 22 November 1859 in London. Lord Dalkeith was the eldest son of the Walter Montagu Douglas Scott, 5th Duke of Buccleuch and his wife Lady Charlotte Thynne.[2] They had six sons and two daughters:

Career[edit]

She served as Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria from 1885 – 1892 (Conservative), and again from 1895 – 1901.[2] She was appointed Mistress of the Robes to Queen Alexandra in 1901,[4] a position in which she served until her death in 1912.[2]

Death[edit]

The duchess died on Saturday 16 March 1912, in her 76th year, at Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian, Scotland. She was survived by her husband, and six of her children and their families.

She was buried on Wednesday 20 March 1912 in the Buccleuch family crypt in St. Mary's Church, Dalkeith Palace, Midlothian, Scotland.[1]

Titles and honours[edit]

  • 26 August 1836 – 21 November 1859: Lady Louisa Jane Hamilton of Abercorn
  • 22 November 1859 – 15 April 1884: Lady Louisa Jane Montagu Douglas Scott, Countess of Dalkeith
  • 16 April 1884: Her Grace, Lady Louisa Jane Montagu Douglas Scott, 6th Duchess of Buccleuch & 8th Duchess of Queensberry[2]
  • 1885: Invested as Lady, Royal Order of Victoria and Albert (VA), 3rd Class [2]
  • 1885 – 1892 and 1895 – 1901: Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria[2]
  • 1901 – 1912: Mistress of the Robes to Queen Alexandra[2]

Ancestry[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c G.E. Cokayne, Vicary Gibbs, H.A. Doubleday, Geoffrey H. White, Duncan Warrand and Lord Howard de Walden, editors, The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct or Dormant, new ed., 1910-1959, reprint Gloucester, U.K.: Alan Sutton Publishing, 2000, volume II, pp. 372-373.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage and Baronetage, 106th edition, Crans, Switzerland: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 1999, volume 1, p. 6.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Charles Mosley, editor, Burke's Peerage, Baronetage & Knightage, 107th edition, Wilmington, Delaware, U.S.A.: Burke's Peerage (Genealogical Books) Ltd, 2003, volume 1, pp. 562-563.
  4. ^ The London Gazette: no. 27292. p. 1648. 8 March 1901.
Court offices
Preceded by
The Duchess of Roxburghe
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria
1885–1886
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Bedford
Preceded by
The Duchess of Bedford
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria
1886–1892
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Roxburghe and
The Dowager Duchess of Atholl
Preceded by
The Duchess of Roxburghe and
The Dowager Duchess of Atholl
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Victoria
1895–1901
Succeeded by
Preceded by
Mistress of the Robes to Queen Alexandra
1901–1912
Succeeded by
The Duchess of Portland