Louisdale, Nova Scotia

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Louisdale
Community
Nickname(s): The Heart of Richmond County
Louisdale is located in Nova Scotia
Louisdale
Louisdale
Location within Nova Scotia
Coordinates: 45°36′39.49″N 61°3′53.64″W / 45.6109694°N 61.0649000°W / 45.6109694; -61.0649000Coordinates: 45°36′39.49″N 61°3′53.64″W / 45.6109694°N 61.0649000°W / 45.6109694; -61.0649000
Country  Canada
Province  Nova Scotia
Municipality Richmond County
Area
 • Land 102 km2 (39 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 1,770
 • Density 17/km2 (40/sq mi)
Time zone AST (UTC-4)
Area code(s) 902
Part of a series about Places in Nova Scotia

Louisdale (pronounced Lewisdale)[1] is a Canadian rural community in Richmond County, Nova Scotia. The community is located on Cape Breton Island at the centre of a French-Acadian region.[2] Founded mainly by families from nearby Petit-de-Grat, its early settlers were primarily of Acadian and, from the early 19th century, Scottish descent. It has 2 schools, park areas, and places to eat catering to tourists and residents.

History[edit]

Early 19th century migrants to Richmond were mainly Scottish settlers, with fishing and farming important parts of the economy.[3] The Louisdale area was formerly known as "Barrasois St. Louis" or "The Barachois", according to archival documents. To distinguish it from other communities, the name was statutorily changed by the provincial legislature on April 7, 1905.[4] A barachois, is a term used in Atlantic Canada to describe a coastal lagoon separated from the ocean by a sand bar. The term comes from a Basque word, "barratxoa", meaning "little bar". The popular derivation from the French or Acadian French "barre à choir" is without historical merit.[5]

Religion[edit]

In 1871 there were four census districts spanning the three Roman Catholic parishes around Isle Madame. One of these districts, Petit de Grat, became a separate parish after the turn of the 20th century. Prior to that, it was part of the Arichat parish. The Louisdale region, whose founders were primarily from the Little Anse area of Petit de Grat, also came under the Arichat Notre Dame de L'Assomption parish.[6]

The various parishes came within the diocese of Arichat. On its establishment in 1844, it was part of the Halifax diocese, which itself formed 2 years earlier (it became an archdiocese in 1852). The seat of the diocese was Notre Dame de L'Assomption, until transferred to Antigonish, its current name, on August 23, 1886.[7][8] The community's religious heritage remains visible to the present day, with Louisdale one of two communities in Richmond home to a Catholic shrine.[9]

Education[edit]

There are two schools in Louisdale. Felix Marchand Education Centre,[10] an elementary school, was built in 1967 and underwent major renovation in 1990. The Nova Scotia Department of Education published Student Assessment results on the school in 2009. Of 38 students, in the Early Elementary Mathematical Literary Assessment, 58% met expectations. In the Early Language Literary Assessment, (of 24 students) 67% met reading expectations, while 75% met expectations in narrative writing.[11]

The newer Richmond Academy is a Grade 9–12 school. The 2009 Junior High Literary Assessment results show that of 71 students, 90 and 93% met expectations for reading and writing, respectively. The NSE Mathematics assessments saw 54% of 28 students passing, rising to 88% of 25 students for the NSE Advanced Mathematics assessment. Both institutions come under the jurisdiction of the Strait Regional School Board.[11][12][13]

Geology[edit]

The community lies in a district identified by Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History geomorphologists as an area of Sedimentary Lowland within the larger Atlantic Coast Region. The landform was carved through erosion of "weakly metamorphosed Carboniferous sandstones".[14] These characteristics contributed to Cape Breton Island's richer freshwater habitats and areas of natural beauty.[15] This has acted as a draw to European people purchasing homes around the county, particularly those sited near the shore.[16] Louisdale's conservation areas and park are recognised among Sites of Special Interest by the Natural History Museum.[15] A habitat for wildlife, Louisdale is the site of the first record in Maritime Canada of a species of winged ground beetle, Agonum crenistriatum.[17]

Location and population[edit]

Richmond, with 9,500 people, has the second smallest population density of counties in Nova Scotia; at 230,000 land acres plus its coastline, it is the smallest by area.[16][18] The Louisdale population is around 1,770 according to the 2006 Canadian census, over an area of 102 km2.[19]

The community is bordered by Grand Anse, with Lennox Passage to the North.[4] Its harbour is between St. Peter's bay and Isle Madame.[20] Its town sign depicts the slogan "The heart of Richmond County".[21]

Natural resources and economy[edit]

The area has largely been agrarian, including lowbush blueberry cultivation,[22] along with forestry, and fishing,[6][15][16] though this latter has declined since the 1990s. Louisdale is one of the four in Richmond that provide central municipal water services to the county.[16]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Did you know?". gov.ns.ca. Service Nova Scotia and Municipal Relations. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  2. ^ "Select Committee on National Unity". Hansard. Port Hawkesbury: Nova Scotia House of Assembly. January 7, 1998. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  3. ^ Hornsby, Stephen (September 1989). "Staple Trades, Subsistence Agriculture, and Nineteenth-Century Cape Breton Island". Annals of the Association of American Geographers (Taylor & Francis) 79 (3): 412. JSTOR 2563726. 
  4. ^ a b Hamilton, William Baillie (1996). Place names of Atlantic Canada. Canada: University of Toronto Press. pp. 351–352. ISBN 0-8020-7570-3. 
  5. ^ "Québec, Normalisation – Avis terminologiques". L’Office québécois de la langue française. 2002. Retrieved July 26, 2009.  (French)
  6. ^ a b Wagg, Phyllis Christena (1996). Families In Transition: Richmond County, Nova Scotia, 1871–1901. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Dalhousie University. pp. 55,101. Networked Digital Library of Theses and Dissertations (NDLTD), via Scirus ETD Search. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  7. ^ "History of The Diocese". Diocese of Antigonish. Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  8. ^ McAleer, J. Philip (June 1986). "St. Mary's (1820–1830), Halifax: An Early Example of the Use of Gothic Revival Forms in Canada". Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians (Society of Architectural Historians) 45 (2): 134. doi:10.2307/990092. JSTOR 990092. 
  9. ^ "Our History; Richmond County, Nova Scotia". Richmond County (official site). Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  10. ^ "Elementary-Secondary Institutions in Canada". Statistics Canada. Institution Surveys Section; Tourism and the Centre for Education Statistics. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  11. ^ a b "Minister's Report to Parents and Guardians". 2008 Student Assessment Results. Nova Scotia Department of Education. July 16, 2009. p. 29. Retrieved August 15, 2009. 
  12. ^ "Richmond Schools Reconfigured" (Press release). Government of Nova Scotia. August 18, 2000. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  13. ^ "School Board Site Choice for Richmond Academy to Stand" (Press release). Government of Nova Scotia. October 18, 1999. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  14. ^ "800 Atlantic Coast". Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History. 1997. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  15. ^ a b c "860 Sedimentary Lowland; Sites of Special Interest". Nova Scotia Museum of Natural History. 1997. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  16. ^ a b c d Breeze, Heather (1998). Exploring the Implications of Non-Resident Land Ownership in Nova Scotia. Halifax, Nova Scotia: Dalhousie University. pp. 98,100–101,114. via Scopus. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  17. ^ Bousquet, Y (June 1987). "The Carabid Fauna of Canada and Alaska: Range Extensions, Additions and Descriptions of Two New Species of Dyschirius (Coleoptera: Carabidae)". The Coleopterists Bulletin (Taylor & Francis) 41 (2): 125–126. JSTOR 4008371. 
  18. ^ "About Richmond County". Richmond County (official site). Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  19. ^ "Population Density (Census)". Community Counts. Nova Scotia Dept. of Finance, Economics and Statistics Division. 2006. Retrieved July 26, 2009. 
  20. ^ Nova Scotia Geomatics Centre (March 2009). "High quality map of Nova Scotia" (PDF 1.7 MB). Service Nova Scotia and Municipal Relations. Retrieved July 30, 2009. "Scale: 1 : 650 000" 
  21. ^ "Louisdale, NS – Town Sign" (image). Bob the Astorian. Flickr.com. September 20, 2008. Retrieved August 1, 2009. 
  22. ^ Gordon Kinsman (October 1986). "The History of the Lowbush Blueberry Industry in Nova Scotia, Volume I: 1880–1950". Wild Blueberry Producers' Assoc. of Nova Scotia. Retrieved July 29, 2009.