Louise Slaughter

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Louise Slaughter
Louiseslaughter.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 25th district
Incumbent
Assumed office
January 3, 2013
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 28th district
In office
January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2013
Preceded by Matthew F. McHugh
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 30th district
In office
January 3, 1987 – January 3, 1993
Preceded by Fred J. Eckert
Succeeded by Jack Quinn
Chairman of the House Rules Committee
In office
January 4, 2007 – January 3, 2011
Preceded by David Dreier
Succeeded by David Dreier
Member of the
New York State Assembly
from the 130th district
In office
1983–1986
Preceded by Thomas A. Hanna
Succeeded by Robert L. King
Personal details
Born Dorothy Louise McIntosh
(1929-08-14) August 14, 1929 (age 84)
Lynch, Kentucky
Political party Democratic
Spouse(s) Robert Slaughter (deceased since 2014)[1]
Children 3
Residence Fairport, New York
Alma mater University of Kentucky (B.S., M.P.H.)
Occupation Politician
Religion Episcopalian

Dorothy Louise McIntosh Slaughter (born August 14, 1929) is the United States representative for New York's 25th congressional district, serving since 1987. She is a member of the Democratic Party. The district, numbered as the 30th District from 1987 to 1993 and the 28th District from 1993 to 2013, is based in Rochester and includes most of surrounding Monroe County Formerly the Chairwoman of the House Rules Committee from 2007 until 2011, she has served as ranking minority member of the Committee since 2011, a post she also held from 2005 to 2007.

Early life, education, and early political career[edit]

Slaughter was born Dorothy Louise McIntosh to Oscar Lewis (Mack), a blacksmith for a coal mine, and Daisy Grace McIntosh on August 14, 1929, in Lynch, Kentucky, a coal mining town built by a subsidiary of U.S. Steel. Slaughter had two brothers, Philip and David as well as two sisters, Marjorie and Virginia. Her sister Virginia died of pneumonia while she was a child; Slaughter would later cite this as her reason for earning degrees in microbiology and public health.

The family moved to Monticello, Kentucky, where Slaughter attended high school. After graduating from high school, she enrolled at the University of Kentucky in Lexington, Kentucky, where she studied microbiology. After graduating with a bachelor's degree, she went on to earn a master's degree in public health, also from the University of Kentucky.

After graduate school, she went to work for Procter & Gamble in New York doing market research. Already involved in community groups like the Scouting in New York and the League of Women Voters, Slaughter became increasingly concerned with local political and community issues. She was involved in a local environmental group, the Perinton Greenlands Association, which promoted recycling and opposed development of Hart's Woods. Slaughter decided to run for the Monroe County Legislature, winning on her third try. In 1975, while in the county legislature, she accepted an offer from then- New York Secretary of State Mario Cuomo to serve as his regional coordinator in the Rochester area. When Cuomo was elected lieutenant governor in 1979, Slaughter stayed on as his Rochester regional coordinator.

In 1982 local Democratic supporters approached Slaughter with a desire to see her run for the New York State Assembly against the Republican incumbent Tom Hanna, whom she subsequently defeated by a narrow margin. In 1984, she was reelected by the more substantial margin of 10 points.

U.S. House of Representatives[edit]

Elections[edit]

Louise Slaughter meets with Albert Paley

After four years in the state assembly, Slaughter decided to run for the Democratic nomination in New York's 30th congressional district. At the time, the district included downtown and eastern Rochester, most of eastern Monroe County, all of Genesee County and northern Livingston and Ontario counties. Moderate Republican Barber Conable had represented the district for 20 years before giving way in 1985 to a considerably more conservative Republican, Fred J. Eckert. Slaughter managed a one-point victory in the 1986 midterm election. Slaughter was the first Democratic representative to represent the 30th District since 1910, the first woman to represent Western New York, as well as the first Democratic representative ever elected to a full term from the 30th since its creation in 1893. It had been renumbered several times in the previous century.

Redistricting after the 1990 census renumbered Slaughter's district as the 28th District. She lost her share of Genesee, Livingston, and Ontario counties, but picked up the rest of Rochester and more of Monroe County. The redistricting put her into the same district as 30-year incumbent Republican Frank Horton, a close friend of Slaughter's. The district had already been moving away from its moderate Republican roots, but the new territory made the district solidly Democratic. Horton opted to retire, though he would have been a heavy underdog against Slaughter in any case. She has been reelected seven more times since then.

After the 2000 census, much of her district was merged with the 29th District of fellow Democratic Representative John LaFalce, which included Niagara Falls and the northern portion of Buffalo. Original plans called for LaFalce's district to be merged with that of Republican Jack Quinn, who represented the other side of Buffalo. The new district retained Slaughter's district number, but was geographically more LaFalce's district. Only a thin tendril in Orleans County connected Rochester to Buffalo. However, LaFalce did not seek a 15th term, effectively handing the seat to Slaughter. With her election in 2002, she became the first woman to represent a significant portion of Buffalo in the House.

Following the 2010 census, Slaughter's district was renumbered as the 25th District. It was significantly more compact than its predecessor, as it took in most of Monroe County and lost its territory near Buffalo. However, it was also slightly less Democratic than her former territory. While President Barack Obama carried the old 28th with 68 percent of the vote, he would have carried the new 25th with 59 percent of the vote. She faced a vigorous and well-funded challenge from Republican Monroe County Executive Maggie Brooks, but Slaughter won a 14th term with 58% of the vote, on November 6, 2012.

Tenure[edit]

Congressional letter on Sandra Fluke by Louise Slaughter

In January 1987, Slaughter entered Congress. In 1993, as a member of the United States House Committee on the Budget Slaughter secured the first $500 million earmarked by Congress for breast cancer research at the National Institutes of Health. Slaughter was also a co-sponsor of the National Institutes of Health Revitalization Act of 1993, and fought to ensure the legislation included language guaranteeing that women and minorities were included in all federal health clinical trials from that point forward.[2] Previously, all NIH-funded research was done on white males, even in trials related to predominantly female diseases such as breast cancer.[3] Slaughter also fought to include language establishing an Office of Research on Women’s Health at NIH in the legislation. Ten years after the creation of ORWH, the National Institutes of Health awarded Slaughter it's "Visionary for Women's Health Research" award.[4]

In 1994, Slaughter co-authored the historic Violence Against Women Act which is designed to reduce incidences of domestic violence in the United States and provide resources to victims. During that same year, Slaughter wrote legislation to make permanent the United States Department of Justice's Office on Violence Against Women.

Along with Senator Christopher Dodd, she introduced the Women's Progress Commemoration Act which established the Women's Progress Commemorative Commission in 1998.[5]

In early 2005, she authored the Fairness and Accountability in Broadcasting Act, which would reinstate the Fairness Doctrine.

Along with Democratic Congressman John Conyers, in April 2006 Slaughter brought an action against President George W. Bush and others alleging violations of the Constitution in the passing of the Deficit Reduction Act of 2005.[6] The case (Conyers v. Bush) was ultimately dismissed.[7]

After the 2006 mid-term takeover of the House by the Democratic Party, Slaughter was chosen to serve as Chairwoman of the United States House Committee on Rules at the start of the 110th Congress. She is the first woman in history to chair the Rules Committee.

In 2007, Slaughter introduced the Preservation of Antibiotics for Medical Treatment Act (PAMTA), which would limit the use of antibiotics in livestock feed, to counter the threat of antibiotic resistant bacteria.[8] She has reintroduced her legislation in every subsequent session of Congress. The legislation would phase out the use of 8 major classes of antibiotics in healthy food-producing animals, while allowing their use for treatment of sick animals.[9]

Slaughter declared that "the greatest thing she has done in her time in Congress" is passage of the Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act of 2008. She introduced and reintroduced this bill for 12.5 years, and could claim victory when the bill was signed into law on May 21, 2008. The Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act is designed to prohibit discrimination by employers or health insurers based upon an individual's genetic information.

In 2009, Slaughter wrote to the United States Department of Defense requesting an investigation into faulty body armor after reading article in the New York Times, entitled, "Pentagon Study Links Fatalities to Body Armor." The article authored by Michael Moss reported that up to 80 percent of Marines who were killed in Iraq from wounds to the upper body could have survived if they had extra body armor. Slaughter's request resulted in the Department of Defense launching an investigation, recalling 16,000 pieces of body armor and replacing them with safer armor.[10]

As Chairwoman of the United States House Committee on Rules, Slaughter was heavily involved in the writing of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act and managed the rule for the legislation on the House Floor. Slaughter was strongly critical of the Stupak-Pitts Amendment, which places limits on taxpayer-funding for elective abortions in the context of the November 2009 Affordable Health Care for America Act.

In March 2010, Slaughter proposed that a House rule be passed to expedite the passage of health care reform legislation. The rule allows the House to deem the Senate version of the health care reform bill "already passed" by the House without the House holding a recorded vote on the bill. Critics, who called the strategy the "Slaughter Solution", charged this proposed strategy was an affront to democratic principles and challenged its constitutionality.[11] Ultimately this legislative strategy was never used to pass the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act through the House.[12] Supporters observe that the courts have affirmed the rule's constitutionality, and that Republicans have used the rule repeatedly to pass major legislation such as the Patriot Act and the Tax Relief Reconciliation Act.[13][14][15]

On March 19, 2010, two days before the health care vote, a window in Slaughter's Niagara Falls office was broken with a brick[16]

The Louise M. Slaughter Building on the RIT campus.

In 2011, Slaughter secured $62.5 million in federal funding for the laser lab at University of Rochester. Slaughter's efforts to secure funds for her district was recognized by the Rochester Institute of Technology when it named its Center for Integrated Manufacturing Studies facilities "The Louise M. Slaughter Building."

During the same year, with the potential of a government shutdown looming, Slaughter referenced H.R. 358, introduced by Rep. Joseph Pitts during the 112th Congress,[17] when she said at a pro-choice rally, "This is probably one of the worst times that we've seen because the numbers of people who are elected to Congress. I went through this as co-chair of the Arts Caucus. In '94, people were elected simply to come here to kill the National Endowment for the Arts. Now they're here to kill women".[18][19][20]

After the shooting of Gabrielle Giffords, Slaughter suggested the Federal Communications Commission was "not working anymore", and called for better policing of incendiary language.[21]

During the 112th Congress, the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge Act, or STOCK Act, which Slaughter first authored and introduced into Congress in 2006[22]- was passed into law.[23] The law prohibits the use of non-public information for private profit, including insider trading by Members of Congress and other government employees. It confirms changes to the Commodity Exchange Act and specifies reporting intervals for financial transactions.

Slaughter is one of the most liberal and progressive members of the New York congressional delegation from upstate New York, and in the 110th Congress, was the most progressive member of the entire House of Representatives according to the National Journal.[24] Among representatives from upstate, only fellow Democratic Representative Maurice Hinchey has a lower lifetime rating from the American Conservative Union.[citation needed] She is one of several Democratic congressmen and senators who post at Daily Kos, a Democratic-oriented blog. She is also a member of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.

Slaughter is currently the oldest woman currently serving in Congress, followed by U.S. senator from California Dianne Feinstein.[citation needed]

Committee assignments[edit]

Party leadership
  • At-Large Whip
Caucus memberships

Slaughter serves on the Democratic Steering & Policy Committee. She is the Democratic Chair of the Congressional Arts Caucus and the bipartisan Congressional Pro-Choice Caucus. Slaughter also serves as Co-Chair of the Future of American Media Caucus and is former Co-Chair of the Congressional Caucus for Women's Issues. After Democratic Representative Martin Frost, the ranking member on the House Rules Committee, was defeated for reelection, Slaughter was appointed to fill this position, becoming the first female member of Congress to serve in this post. After the United States House elections, 2006, she became the first woman to chair this committee.

Personal life[edit]

While traveling for work, she met Bob Slaughter, in San Antonio, Texas, and later married him. After marrying, the couple moved to Fairport, New York, a suburb of Rochester, where Bob had been offered a job. Although Louise has lived in Western New York for over half a century, she still speaks with a pronounced Kentucky accent. They have three daughters: Megan, Amy and Robin and seven grandchildren. Robert "Bob" Slaughter died in May 2014, at the age of 82.[25]

Slaughter is a distant relative, through Daniel Boone, of former Missouri Democratic Congressman Ike Skelton.[26]

Electoral history[edit]

Congressional
Year United States Democratic Party Result United States Republican Party Result Other Result
2012 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 179,810 (57.4%) Maggie Brooks 133,389 (42.5%)
2010 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 102,514 (64.9%) Jill Rowland 55,392 (35.1%)
2008 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 172,655 (78.00%) David W. Crimmen 48,690 (22.00%)
2006 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 111,386 (73.17%) John E. Donnelly 40,844 (26.83%)
2004 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 159,655 (72.61%) Michael D. Laba 54,543 (24.81%) Other 5,678 (2.58%)
2002 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 99,057 (62.45%) Henry F. Wojtaszek 59,547 (37.54%)
2000 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 151,688 (65.70%) Mark C. Johns 83,445 (36.14%) Other 3,820 (1.65%)
1998 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 118,856 (64.78%) Richard A. Kaplan 56,443 (30.76%) Other 8,159 (4.47%)
1996 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 133,084 (57.25%) Geoff H. Rosenberger 99,366 (42.74%)
1994 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 110,987 (56.63%) Renee Forgensi Davison 78,516 (40.06%) Other 6,464 (3.29%)
1992 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 140,908 (56.34%) William P. Polito 112,273 (44.89%) Other 7,897 (.75%)
1990 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 97,280 (59.02%) John M. Regan, Jr. 67,534 (40.97%)
1988 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 128,364 (56.87%) John D. Bouchard 89,126 (39.48%) Other 8,222 (3.64%)
1986 Louise M. Slaughter 86,777 (50.99%) Fred J. Eckert (i) 83,402 (49.00%)

Key: (i) = Incumbent
Source: New York State Board of Elections

State Assembly
Year United States Democratic Party Result United States Republican Party Result Other Result
1984 Louise M. Slaughter (i) 30,556 (54.79%) Donald S. Milton 24,703 (44.29%) Other 506 (.90%)
1982 Louise M. Slaughter 23,236 (52.18%) Thomas A. Hanna (i) 21,289 (47.81%)

Key: (i) = Incumbent
Source: New York State Board of Elections

Monroe County Legislature
Year United States Democratic Party Result United States Republican Party Result Other Result
1975 Louise M. Slaughter 4,698 (51.45%) Walter G.A. Muench (i) 4,433 (48.54%)
1973 Louise M. Slaughter 4,082 (49.31%) Walter G.A. Muench (i) 4,195 (50.68%)
1971 Louise M. Slaughter 3,507 (43.34%) Walter G.A. Muench (i) 3,998 (49.41%) Other 585 (7.23%)

Key: (i) = Incumbent
Source: Monroe County Board of Elections

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McLendon, Gary (May 21, 2014). "Robert Slaughter dies at age of 82". Democrat & Chronicle (Rochester, NY: Gannett). Retrieved July 25, 2014. 
  2. ^ "Bill Summary and Status". United States Library of Congress. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  3. ^ "Q&A/Dr. Carolyn M. Mazure; Women's Health, Women's Differences". The New York Times. 1999-05-02. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  4. ^ "GEN Congressional Hall of Fame". Genetic Engineering & Biotechnology News. May 2001. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  5. ^ "Women's Progress Report 7/01". National Park Service. July 2001. Retrieved 2008-08-03. 
  6. ^ "11 House Members to Sue Over Budget Bill". ABC News. Associated Press. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-02-20. [dead link]
  7. ^ "Judge Dismisses Budget Bill Lawsuit". ABC News. Associated Press. 2006-11-06. Retrieved 2006-11-28. [dead link]
  8. ^ "March 17, 2009 - Slaughter Introduces Bill to Curb Excessive Use of Antibiotics in Food Supply - Congresswoman Louise Slaughter". Louise.house.gov. 2009-03-17. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  9. ^ "Bill Summary and Status- H.R. 1150". United States Library of Congress. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  10. ^ "Department of Defense Inspector General- Advanced Combat Helmet Technical Assessment". United States Department of Defense. 2013-05-29. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  11. ^ Post (2010-03-16). "Slaughter House Rules - WSJ.com". Online.wsj.com. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  12. ^ "House Dems Abandon 'Slaughter Solution' for Health Bill". CBS News. 2010-03-20. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  13. ^ Roper, Eric (2010-03-19). "Fact check: Bachmann gets it wrong on the "Slaughter Solution"". StarTribune.com. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  14. ^ Montopoli, Brian (2010-03-17). "Republicans Have Used "Slaughter Solution" Many Times - Political Hotsheet". CBS News. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  15. ^ Ornstein, Norman J. (2010-03-16). "Hypocrisy: A Parliamentary Procedure " The Enterprise Blog". Blog.american.com. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  16. ^ Author: (2010-03-19). "Brick thrown through window in Slaughter's Falls office". The Buffalo News. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 
  17. ^ "Bill Summary- H.R. 358". United States Library of Congress. 
  18. ^ "Congresswoman's Strong Choice of Words - Political Grapevine - Special Report - FoxNews.com". Fox News. 2011-04-08. 
  19. ^ http://communities.washingtontimes.com/neighborhood/bill-kellys-truth-squad/2011/apr/10/obama-reid-top-5-biggest-trolls-almost-government-/
  20. ^ http://centralny.ynn.com/content/politics/539401/republicans-react-to-slaughter-s-controversial-comments/
  21. ^ http://thehill.com/homenews/house/137141-stunned-lawmakers-struggle-for-answers
  22. ^ "What is the Stop Trading on Congressional Knowledge (STOCK) Act?". ProCon.org. 2012-04-04. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  23. ^ "STOCK Act Becomes Law". Marketplace.org. 2012-04-04. Retrieved 2013-09-24. 
  24. ^ Thomas, G. Scott. Slaughter ranked most liberal in House. Business First. 27 February 2009.
  25. ^ AP (May 21, 2014). "Louise Slaughter's husband dies at 82". Buffalo News. Retrieved May 23, 2014. 
  26. ^ Barone & Cohen, 2008 Almanac of American Politics, pp. 958 & 1204

External links[edit]

New York Assembly
Preceded by
Thomas A. Hanna
New York State Assembly
1983–1986
Succeeded by
Robert L. King
Political offices
Preceded by
David Dreier
California
Chairman of United States House Committee on Rules
2007–2011
Succeeded by
David Dreier
California
United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Fred J. Eckert
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 30th congressional district

1987–1993
Succeeded by
Jack Quinn
Preceded by
Matthew F. McHugh
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 28th congressional district

1993–2013
Succeeded by
District eliminated due to redistricting
Preceded by
Ann Marie Buerkle
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from New York's 25th congressional district

2013–present
Incumbent
United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
John Lewis
D-Georgia (U.S. state)
United States Representatives by seniority
22nd
Succeeded by
Lamar S. Smith
R-Texas