Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
|Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow|
Portrait painted c. 1700 by Jacob d'Agar
|Queen consort of Denmark and Norway|
|Reign||25 August 1699 - 15 March 1721|
|Spouse||Frederick IV of Denmark|
|Issue||Christian VI of Denmark
Princess Charlotte Amalie
|House||House of Mecklenburg|
|Father||Gustav Adolph, Duke of Mecklenburg-Güstrow|
|Mother||Magdalene Sibylle of Holstein-Gottorp|
28 August 1667|
|Died||15 March 1721
She was born in Güstrow in the family of Duke Gustav Adolph of Mecklenburg-Güstrow and Magdalene Sibylle of Holstein-Gottorp as a great-great-granddaughter of Frederick II of Denmark. Her maternal grandparents were Duke Frederick III of Holstein-Gottorp and Marie Elisabeth of Saxony. Louise grew up into a tiny court characterized by pietistic feelings and rigid religiosity led by her father who wrote religious songs in pietistic spirit. When Louise was chosen as consort to the Danish-heir it received wholehearted acceptance from the royal house, while the Crown Prince himself, despite the promise of greater choice, in fact, had no other choice than the Duke's daughters, Louise was the one chosen by Frederick as he expected her to accept his affairs without protests.
On 5 December 1695, Louise married Crown Prince Frederik at Copenhagen Castle and became Queen consort of Denmark in 1699. Their only children who reached maturity were King Christian VI of Denmark and Princess Charlotte Amalie of Denmark.
Louise lived quietly at the Danish Court. Unlike Frederick IV she never gained popularity with the population. Louise figured in her role as queen at official ceremonies, but was otherwise ignored at court, and her isolated and quiet life has made her less known in history. Her passive attitude did not gain her any respect from the royal house. It is mentioned that she caused embarrassing scenes at court during Frederick's affairs and that she had a bad temperament.
Queen Louise suffered because of her husband's infidelity. Frederick even entered two morganatic marriages; in 1703, he committed bigamy with Elisabeth Helene von Vieregg, and in 1712 with Anna Sophie Reventlow. The day after Queen Louise's funeral Frederick IV married Anna Sophie Reventlow again and less than two months later he raised her to the status of Queen. Despite his bigamous relationships, the queen, ever mindful of duty, continued to bear him children, the children Frederick had with his morganatic wives all died after one year of life. Queen Louise was close to her son Christian, who would later increase the cause of his mother into the Danish court. She was strongly influenced by Pietism and she sought solace in religion. Her main interest was reading religious books. After her death, her interest in religion was praised by the clergy, who compared her with the legendary Queen Esther. Her collection of 400 books, which was donated to the royal library after her death, was mainly composed of ascetic religious literature in German. In 1708–09, she was regent during her husband's trip to Italy.
Rosenborg was completely abandoned as a Royal residence while Louise was Queen. The building of a new summer residence, Frederiksborg Palace, began in 1699 and was ready for occupation in 1703.
|Christian||28 June 1697||1 October 1698||died in infancy|
|Christian VI of Denmark||10 December 1699||6 August 1746||married, margravine Sophie Magdalene of Brandenburg-Kulmbach; had issue|
|Frederik Charles||23 October 1701||7 January 1702||died in infancy|
|George||6 January 1703||12 March 1704||died in infancy|
|Princess Charlotte Amalie of Denmark||6 October 1706||28 October 1782||unmarried|
- N. D. Riegels: Udkast til fjerde Friderichs hist. after Hoier 1-11. 1795-99.
- A. Hojer: König Fr. IV glorwürdigstes Leben 1-11, 1829.
- Jens Moller i Det skand. lit. selsk.s skr. XXIII, 1832 3-196.
- Ellen Jørgensen and J. Skovgaard: Danske dronninger, 1909-10 189-94.
- Fr. Weilbach i Hist. t. 10. r. III, 1935 256-66.
- Ingrid llsoe i Fund og forskn. XXII, 1975-76 107-20.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow.|
- (English) History of the Rosenborg Castle
- (Danish) Article in the Dansk biografisk Lexikon
- (English) http://www.guide2womenleaders.com/womeninpower/Danske-Ledere.htm
- (Danish) http://www.gravsted.dk/person.php?navn=dronninglouise4fr
Louise of Mecklenburg-Güstrow
Cadet branch of the House of MecklenburgBorn: 28 August 1667 Died: 15 March 1721
Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Kassel
|Queen consort of Denmark and Norway
Anne Sophie Reventlow