Louisiade Archipelago

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Louisiade Archipelago
Papua new guinea milne bay province.png
Map of Papua New Guinea. The Louisiade Archipelago is in the dark red area at the bottom of the map
Geography
Coordinates 11°12′S 153°00′E / 11.200°S 153.000°E / -11.200; 153.000Coordinates: 11°12′S 153°00′E / 11.200°S 153.000°E / -11.200; 153.000
Total islands 300+
Area 1,871.1 km2 (722.4 sq mi)
Country
Province Milne Bay Province
Capital city Bwagaoia
Largest city Bwagaoia (pop. 2000)
Demographics
Population 47000 (as of 2014)
Louisiade Archipelago
Moving westward from eastern end of the chain are the islands of Rossel and Vanatinai (Tagula). Misima Island, which harbors the largest village in the region, is obscured by a patch of clouds northeast of image center

The Louisiade Archipelago is a string of ten larger volcanic islands frequently fringed by coral reefs, and 90 smaller coral islands located 200 km southeast of New Guinea, stretching over more than 160 kilometres (99 mi) and spread over an ocean area of 26,000 square kilometres (10,000 sq mi) between the Solomon Sea to the north and the Coral Sea to the south. The aggregate land area of the islands is about 1,871 square kilometres (722 sq mi), with Vanatinai (Tagula) being the largest.

Sideia Island and Basilaki Island lie closest to New Guinea, while Misima, Vanatinai, and Rossel islands lie further east.

The archipelago is divided into the Local Level Government (LLG) areas Louisiade Rural (western part, with Misima), and Yaleyamba (eastern part, with Rossell and Vanatinai islands). The LLG areas are part of Samarai-Murua District district of Milne Bay. The seat of the Louisiade Rural LLG is Bwagaoia on Misima Island, the population center of the archipelago.[1] The seat of the Yaleyamba is changed every couple of years between Rambuso (Vanitinai) and Jingo (Rossell).

Islands[edit]

The Louisiade Archipelago consists of the following island groups and islands:[2]

Island Capital Other Cities Area (km²) Population
Louisiade Archipelago Bwagaoia Samarai, Rossel 1871.1 47000
Bentley Islands Anagusa Nare 2.49 122
Anagusa Island Anagusa 1.42 112
Mudge Island Nare 1.07 10
Other 0 0
Bonvouloir Islands 5.54 0
East 2.93 0
Hastings 1.26 0
Other 0 0
Strathord Islands 1.35 0
Calvados Chain Pana Wina Motorina, Bagaman, Hemenahei 85.1 3276
Bagaman Island Bagaman Island 7.45 264
Bobo Eina Island 2.43 0
Bonna Wan Island 1.09 0
Gigila Island Nogui 1.42 121
Gilia Island 0.36 0
Gulewa Island Gulewa Island 0.59 18
Hemenhei Island 10.15 0
Kuwanak Island Kuwanak 3.66 170
Mabneian Island 0.38 0
Motorina Riman Bay Tawara, Mabaraboraboa 7.8 595
Nigaho Island Nigaho 0.1 226
North Leiga Island 0.05 0
Other Burnett Island Ehiki, Panua Keikeisa 1.78 0
Pana Krusima 1.47 0
Pana Numara Hoba Bay 1.93 183
Pana Rora Island 0.81 0
Pana Udu Udi 0.69 0
Pana Vara Vara 0.57 0
Pana Wina Island Bomalou Panambari, Boiama Point 30.55 456
Panangaribu 0.5 0
Panasia 2.11 0
Panatinane Island 0.79 0
Sabari Island Hekampan Tandeyai, Hebenahine, Maho 4.04 708
Sloss Islands 0.36 0
South Leiga Island 0.05 0
Taifaur Island 0.4 0
Ululina Ululina 0.59 5
Utian Utian 1.54 514
Venariwa Island Venariwa 0.76 16
Yakimoan Island 0.31 0
Yaruman 0.37 0
Conflict Group Panasesa Island Irai Island, Lunn Island 5.06 30
Auriora Island 0.76 0
Gabugabutau Island 0.12 0
Ginara Island 0.14 0
Irai Island Irai Island 1.08 20
Itamarina Island 0.04 0
Lunn Island 0.51 0
Moniara Island 0.2 0
Other Kolavia Island Madiboiboi Island, Lutmatavi Island 0.4 0
Panaboal Island 0.52 0
Panarakum Island 0.51 0
Panasesa Island Panasesa Island 0.68 10
Quesal Island 0.08 0
Tupit Island 0.02 0
Deboyne Islands Bwaganati Nulia 41.9 2700
Brooker Island 1.08 0
Losai Island 0.01 0
Nibub Island 0.02 0
Nivani Island Nivani Island 0.5 20
Other 0.01 0
Pana Uya Wana Island 0.36 0
Panaeati Island Bwaganati Maggiau, Palualual, Siakeu, Namati, Panakakamwa, Nulia Wharf, Lebwalebwal 30.32 2080
Panapompom Islands Nulia Galowawaisana, Panaewau 7.72 600
Passage Island 0.06 0
Rara Island 0.14 0
Ware Island 1.68 0
Duchateau Islands 2.58 0
Jomard Islands 0.96 0
Kukuluba Island 0.32 0
Montemont Islands 0.12 0
Other 0.01 0
Pana Bobai Ana Island 0.75 0
Pana Rura Wara Island 0.42 0
Dumoulin Islands 0.66 0
Ana Karu Karua Island 0.2 0
Baiiri Island 0.34 0
Other 0.12 0
Duperre Islands Punawan Island 0.82 10
Duperre Island 0.15 0
Other 0.24 0
Punawan Island Punawan Island 0.43 10
East Deboyne Islands 1.02 0
Basses Group 0.515 0
Bushy Islets 0.105 0
Mabui Islet 0.027 0
Other 0.001 0
Pana Sagu Sagu Islet 0.172 0
Redlick Islets 0.2 0
Engineer Islands Skelton Watts 11.12 1200
Bright Island 0.07 0
Butchart Island 0.09 0
Button Islet 0.07 0
Deedes Islet 0.11 0
Flat Islet 0.03 0
Good Island 0.32 0
Haszard Island 0.72 0
Hummock Island Tewatewa 0.61 105
Messum Islet 0.06 0
Other 0.04 0
Pender Island 0.12 0
Powell Island 0.15 0
Skelton Island Naruaruari Koialia, Waiaku, Digaigaia 3.56 375
Slade Island Samoa Tubetube Beach 2.61 245
Watts Island Gegadali Taeaknabululu, Kwaraiwa 2.56 475
Laseinie Islands Dawson 2 245
Dawson Island Koyagaugau 1.36 245
Hardman Islands 0.25 0
Kagawan Island 0.05 0
Keaawan Island 0.3 0
Other 0.04 0
Misima Islands Bwagaoia 215 19330
Gigira Islet 0.03 0
Managun Islet 0.26 0
Misima Island Bwagaoia Baimatana, Hinauta, Kaubwaga, Boiou, Siagara, Kalotawa, Gulewa, Mwana, Liak, Panataval, Bagilina, Manihuna, Ewena, Ebora, Bwagabwaga, Alhoga, Eaus, Gaibobo, Narian 214.5 19330
Other 0.15 0
Other Daloloia Group 0.16 140
Pana Tinani Islands Bwailahina Kabagi-bagi 99.92 1764
Dadda Hai Islet Dadahai 0.258 34
Hevaisi Island 0.234 1
Nimoa Island Soluwo Boiminusi, Woos, Galanga Beach 3.556 395
Osasai Islet 0.133 0
Other 0.069 0
Pana Tinani Bwailahina Hobuk, Hauagili, Hessessai Bay, Buvara Bay, Bounce Point, Imadi Bay, Gawn Point, Hati Lawi Bay, Heihuti Bay, Bonawi Point 78 527
Sibumbum Islet 0.01 0
Wanim Island Bunbun 1.66 400
Yeina Island Kabagi-bagi Araeda, Buwo, Jolandan 16 407
Renard Islands Kimuta 4.3 617
Baiwa Island 0.17 0
Kimuta Island Awa Atuatua 2.86 617
Manuga Reef 0.02 0
Niva Beno Island 0.49 0
Oreia Island 0.47 0
Other 0.29 0
Rossel Islands Rossel 293.8 5100
Adele Islet 0.18 0
Diama Island 0.06 1
Other Heron Island 0.02 7
Pocklington Reef 0.01 0
Rossel Island Jinjo Damunu, Yonga Bay, Mbuwo, Morpa, Wulunga Bay, Pum, Pwepwo, Piniga, Abeleti, Vyukwa, N’Jaru, Wale, Saman, Pambwa 292.5 5000
Wule Island Wule 1.03 92
Samarai Islands Samarai Basilaki Island 262.1 8200
Arch Islands 0.31 0
Baba Garai Island 0.12 0
Baia Baia Karona 0.18 0
Basilaki Island Hakalihi Bogala, Gaiogaiokawasi, Baiaule, Hilomai, Gelahamutuna, Halahalawuwu, Wetoa, Habani, Towine, Hiliki, Bedauna, Mwahui, Taladio, Agarauna, Dahidahina, Pihigole, Doba, Tanubuibuina, Hamama, Duiauna, Gogolabia 106 1607
Beika Island 0.02 0
Buiari Island Weitoa 3.2 480
Dagadaga Island 0.07 1
Deka Deka Islands 0.04 0
Doini Island Doini 4.07 30
Eboma Island 0.022 1
Gado-Gadoa Island 0.15 1
Garahi Island Garahi 0.92 10
Gesila Island 0.17 0
Gonabarabara 0.26 2
Haines Island 0.72 0
Iguari Islands 1.76 0
Ito Island 3.06 1
Kaiti Island 3 211
Kato Katoa Island 0.55 1
Kitai Bona Bona Island 0.42 1
Kwai Ama Island 0.03 0
Kwato Island Kwato Isuhina Beach 0.35 93
Kwaui Island 0.21 0
Logea Island 0.05 1
Other Tuyam Island Sripkunui Island, Nasariri Island, Didigilo Island, Grant Island, Shortland Island 0.838 964
Populai Island Margaret Ville 1.71 15
Rogeia Island Kasabanalua Kumikuku, Dabali, Banaria Bay, Pata Bay 9.02 1140
Samarai Island Samarai 0.29 706
Sariba Island Sidudu Magalkalona, Magehau, Kwalosai, Namoai Bay, Sauasauaga, Labu Labu, Tanabuibuina, Sabuiona, Nawaripa, Wakoiaia 23.21 1670
Sideia Island Sideia Oba Bay, Kunubalia, Makabweabweau, Tabuara, Liliki, Kalu, Gotai, Wanahaua, Gugui, Balaga Bay, Duiaona, Boikalakalawa Bay, Kubi, Waiyau Bay, Goteia, Tegerauna 101.3 1265
Wasima Island 0.05 0
Torlesse Islands 2.08 0
Other 0.42 0
Pananiu Island 0.86 0
Tinolan Island 0.8 0
Vanatinai Islands Rambuso Tagula, Donuwo, Bololo 831.6 3360
Boboa Island 0.07 0
Iyen Island Iyen Island 0.86 102
Other 0 1
Pana Man Island 0.12 0
Vanatinai Island Rambuso Western Point, Tagula, Eden, Mitin, Edwahi, Griffin Point, Buwo, Tarangia, Lajamare, Donuwo, Siri Point, Buiawe, Bololo, Emeli, Pamela, Madaua, Jelewaga, Iyen Point 830 3257
Venama Island 0.55 0
Wari Islands Wari 3.85 926
Imbert Island 0.22 0
Kosman Reef Kosman Island Nabaina Island 0.17 100
Lebrun Islands 0.22 0
Long Reef Lejeune Islet 0.03 100
Other 0.15 0
Quessant Island 0.41 0
Sable Islands 0.03 0
Siga Island 0.01 0
Stuers Islands 0.34 0
Wari (Island) Wari 2.27 726
Louisiade Archipelago Bwagaoia Samarai, Rossel 1871.1 47000

History[edit]

The islands were most likely observed by Luis Váez de Torres in 1606, but Malay and Chinese sailors may have visited the islands earlier. Louis Antoine de Bougainville named them in 1768 for Louis XV, the king of France. Visits were also paid by Admiral Bruni d'Entrecasteaux in 1793 and Captain Owen Stanley in 1849.

The 1942 Battle of Coral Sea was fought nearby, after Japanese occupation in the same year. The Deboyne Islands were the site of the 1942 Raids on Deboyne.

Rain forests[edit]

The islands have a moist tropical climate, and are largely covered with tropical moist broadleaf forests. The Louisiade Archipelago rain forests form a distinct ecoregion, and are home to a number of endemic species, including several endemic trees (in genera Pandanus, Diospyros, and Hopea), as well as five endemic frog species, two endemic lizard species, and five endemic bird species.

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.pngec.gov.pg/ElectionInfo2007/PollSched-MilneBay.pdf
  2. ^ http://www.g3kma.dsl.pipex.com/067-076%20oceania%20list.doc

External links[edit]