Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections

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Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections
Common name Louisiana Department of Corrections
Abbreviation DPS&C
Louisiana DOC.png
Patch of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections.
Seal of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections.png
Logo of the Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections.
Agency overview
Legal personality Governmental: Government agency
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction* State of Louisiana, USA
Louisiana Corrections Map.png
Map of Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections's jurisdiction.
Size 51,885
Population 4,293,204 (2007 est.)[1]
General nature
Operational structure
Headquarters Baton Rouge, Louisiana
Agency executive James M. LeBlanc, Secretary
Facilities
Prisons 13
Website
Louisiana DPS&C website
Footnotes
* Divisional agency: Division of the country, over which the agency has usual operational jurisdiction.

The Department of Public Safety and Corrections (DPS&C) is a state agency of Louisiana, headquartered in Baton Rouge.[2] The agency comprises two major areas: Public Safety Services and Corrections Services. The Secretary, who is appointed by the Governor, serves as the Department's chief executive officer. The Corrections Services Deputy Secretary, Undersecretary, and Assistant Secretaries for the Office of Adult Services and the Office of Youth Development report directly to the Secretary. Headquarters Administration consists of centralized Divisions that support the management and operations of the adult and juvenile institutions, adult and juvenile probation and parole district offices, and all other services provided by the Department.

Agency Overview[edit]

Office of the Secretary[edit]

The Secretary is responsible for the functioning and control of all programs within the Department. He formulates rules and regulations and determines policy regarding management, personnel, and total operations. He leads and supports staff, who are charged with carrying out the work of the agency.

As part of the Secretary's Office, the Deputy Secretary is responsible for special duties and functions as assigned by the Secretary. Primary among them are oversight of the Children's Initiative, coordination and management of the Department's Critical Incident Stress Management response, and support and facilitation of the Risk Review Panel process.

Other executive staff carry out long and short-term projects. The Legal Services Division represents and defends the Department in litigation, including Civil Service matters. The Crime Victims Services Bureau coordinates the Department's response to crime victims, including the process of registration and notification and support of a Restorative Justice initiative. The Deputy Secretary of the Department of Public Safety serves as Superintendent of the Louisiana State Police.

Office of Management and Finance[edit]

Under the authority of the Undersecretary, the Office of Management and Finance provides management support to all units in activities involving fiscal matters and grant management, information services, food services, maintenance and construction, performance audit, training, procurement and contractual review, human resources, and the Prison Enterprises Division. The Undersecretary serves as Chief of Staff for Headquarters operations.

Office of Adult Services[edit]

Under the direction of an Assistant Secretary, the Office of Adult Services (OAS) provides administrative oversight of and support for the operational programs of the adult institutions and provides technical assistance to local jail facilities. The Assistant Secretary leads and directs the Department's operational audit teams, which conduct audits of all adult and juvenile institutions, non-secure contract facilities, and community work release centers and assist all units with matters relative to the maintenance of American Correctional Association (ACA) accreditation. OAS staff support the Administrative Remedy Procedure and disciplinary appeal processes, screen and recommend inmates for participation in work release, and maintain central office ACA accreditation. There are eleven adult institutions under the broad authority of the Assistant Secretary, including two operated under contractual agreements with private management corporations.

Office of Youth Development[edit]

Under the direction of an Assistant Secretary, the Office of Youth Development (OYD) has policy oversight and support responsibilities for state programs for youth who are adjudicated delinquent and many youth and their families ruled in need of services by courts of juvenile jurisdiction. OYD staff also support the Administrative Remedy Procedure and disciplinary appeal processes for juveniles and perform quality assurance activities for the juvenile institutions.

Additionally, the Division of Youth Services (DYS) provides probation and parole supervision and coordinates both residential and non-residential treatment services for delinquent youth and for status offenders and their families. DYS has offices located in Alexandria, Baton Rouge, Harvey, Hammond, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Monroe, Natchitoches, New Orleans, Opelousas, Shreveport, Tallulah, and Thibodaux. As of May 30, 2003, there were 6476 youth under supervision – 5630 as adjudicated delinquents and 846 as FINS (Families in Need of Services).

Division of Probation and Parole-Adult[edit]

The Division of Probation and Parole-Adult, comprising twenty-one district offices throughout the state and a Headquarters Office in Baton Rouge, functions as a community services division. Officers of the division supervise adult offenders who are released to the community on probation, parole, diminution of sentence, or medical furlough. They supervise inmates in ten community rehabilitation centers (CRCs) and the intensive parole cases from institutional IMPACT (Intensive Motivational Program of Alternative Correctional Treatment). Officers in the division provide investigative services to decision-makers in the criminal justice system, including judges, the Parole and Pardon Boards, and the Governor's Office. They oversee collection of various criminal justice fees, supervision fees, and victim restitution. District offices are located in Alexandria, Amite, Baton Rouge, Chalmette, Clinton, Covington, Harvey, Lafayette, Lake Charles, Leesville, Minden, Monroe, Natchitoches, New Iberia, New Orleans-West, New Orleans-East, Port Allen, Shreveport, Tallulah, Thibodaux, and Ville Platte. During FY 2002-03, officers supervised collection of more than $20,752,527. As of July 1, 2003, officers of the division were supervising 63,000 offenders.[3]

Prison Enterprises Division[edit]

The Prison Enterprises Division (PE) helps to reduce the overall cost of prison operations and the operating costs of other state agencies, local government entities, and other tax-supported institutions primarily by operating self-supported industrial and agricultural businesses that employ inmates in meaningful jobs, teach them marketable skills and good work habits, and provide quality, cost-effective products and services. PE pays incentive wages for all inmates who are eligible. Farming operations include row crops and garden vegetables, range herds, a swinery, food processing, a feed mill, land leveling, hay production, and forestry. Industrial operations include the manufacture of license plates, mattresses, mops, brooms, chemicals, garments, and office chairs; a print shop; silkscreen operations; a plastic sign shop; metal fabrication; embroidery and furniture refurbishing; and janitorial services for other agencies.

Louisiana DPS&C Safety Enforcement patch

Board of Pardons[edit]

The five members of the Board of Pardons are appointed by the Governor. The board meets on regularly scheduled, publicly announced dates to consider applications for pardon, sentence commutation, and restoration of rights and privileges of citizenship. All of the board's recommendations for clemency are forwarded to the Governor for final action.

Board of Parole[edit]

The seven members of the Board of Parole are appointed by the Governor. Board members function in three-person panels to grant or deny parole to inmates who are eligible for parole, set behavioral conditions for inmates released to parole by action of the board or by diminution of sentence, and hold hearings for inmates facing revocation for violating conditions of their release from incarceration.[4]

Public Safety Services[edit]

Louisiana Department of Public Safety (LADPS) Public Safety Services has several divisions, including the Office of Management and Finance, the Louisiana Highway Safety Commission, and the Louisiana Oil Spill Coordinator's Office.[5]

Corrections Services[edit]

Corrections Services (referred to as the Department of Corrections) is responsible for the custody of adult inmates across Louisiana. About 19,000 of Louisiana's 37,000 prisoners are assigned to the state’s thirteen correctional facilities. The remaining incarcerated prisoners are assigned to parish facilities. The state's facilities do not have the capacity to house all offenders sentenced under state law, so the state reimburses local governments housing prisoners with state sentences.[6]

History[edit]

In 1835, the first Louisiana State Penitentiary was built at the corner of 6th and Laurel Streets in Baton Rouge. In 1844, the penitentiary, including the prisoners, was leased to the private firm of McHatton Pratt and Company. Union Troops occupied the penitentiary during the Civil War, and in 1869, the lease was awarded to a former Confederate Major by the name of Samuel James. Major James oversaw the Louisiana Corrections system for the next 31 years.[7]

From 1901 until 1916, Corrections was operated by the Board of Control, a three member panel appointed by the Governor of Louisiana. One of the first actions taken by the new board was the purchase of the 8,000-acre (32 km2) Angola Plantation. New camps were built and many new security officers were hired.[7]

In 1916, the legislature abolished the Board of Control and appointed a General Manager of the penitentiary. The new General Manager, Henry L. Fuqua, fired almost all of the officers at Angola and in their place put selected inmate "trusty guards". The manager also purchased an additional 10,000 acres (40 km2) of land, increasing the size of the State Penitentiary to 18,000 acres (73 km2).[7]

In 2010, the agency announced that it may sell some prisons in order to generate funds.[8]

Operations[edit]

Male inmates from all parishes enter the DOC system through the Hunt Reception and Diagnostic Center (HRDC) at Elayn Hunt Correctional Center.[9][10] Prior to the 2010 redesignation of Forcht-Wade Correctional Center as a substance abuse facility,[9][11] male inmates from northern parishes entered the DOC system through the Wade Reception and Diagnostic Center (WRDC) at Martin L. Forcht, Jr., Clinical Treatment Unit, which was a satellite of David Wade Correctional Center. Male inmates from southern parishes entered the DOC system through the HRDC. Male death row inmates are transferred directly from their parish of sentencing to the Louisiana State Penitentiary (Angola). Male inmates who have over 30 years to their earliest possible release dates and male inmates sentenced to life in prison typically are assigned to the Louisiana State Penitentiary.[10] Some young inmates with life sentences go to Wade Correctional Center.[12]

Prior to July 2012, Male inmates within seven years of their release who have positive behavior and work records and who are not inherently prohibited by the crimes they committed were eligible to be transferred to the minimum security J. Levy Dabadie Correctional Center, which is located on the grounds of Camp Beauregard.[13]

Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women (LCIW) is the only state prison in Louisiana housing female offenders, and the facility houses females of all security levels, including female death row inmates. Women enter the DOC system through the Female Reception and Diagnostic Center (FRDC).[13]

The state execution chamber is at Louisiana State Penitentiary.[14]

Inmates in need of medical attention who require more than standard health care are taken to the Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center Health Care Services Division. Inpatient mental health care for men is provided at Louisiana State Penitentiary and Elayn Hunt Correctional Center. Inpatient mental health care for women is provided at LCIW.[15]

Sex offenders may be housed in any Louisiana state prison except for J. Levy Dabadie.[16] J. Levy Dabadie serves as the transportation hub between the prisons of north Louisiana and the prisons of south Louisiana; out of Dabadie, prisoners are transferred to and from the Hunt and Wade reception centers.[17]

Due to 2006 state legislation sponsored by Senator Rob Marionneaux prohibiting tobacco smoking in public places, prisons began to curtail the tobacco smoking on their property. Beginning on May 15, 2009, Avoyelles Correctional Center and Dixon Correctional Institute started a pilot program where tobacco smoking was limited to certain areas at certain times in their facilities. On August 15, 2009, tobacco smoking at Louisiana state prisons became limited.[18]

Facilities[edit]

The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections previously handled the care of juvenile prisoners. The juvenile centers that were operated by the department included:[19]

In 2004 the juvenile system separated from the adult system. The Louisiana Office of Juvenile Justice now operates juvenile institutions.[21]

The state of Louisiana has a guarantee that private prisons under the state authority will each have at least a 96% occupancy, and in the event such an occupancy is not met, the private prisons are paid as if they were at 96% occupancy.[22]

Population[edit]

As of September 30, 2009, 39,726 adults were under the custody of the DOC. Of them, 19,013 adult inmates (51%) were in state prisons, 19,634 (49%) were in local jails, and 1,079 adults (less than 1%, rounding to zero) were in contract work release. Of the people in DOC custody, 93.4% were male and 6.6% were female. Of the population, 69.8% were Black, 29.9% were White, and .3% were other.[23]

As of September 30, 2009, 4,310 offenders were incarcerated with life sentences in state prisons, representing 10.8% of the prison population. Of the people with life sentences, 73.2% were Black, 26.6% were White, and .2% were other. 97.1% were male and 2.9% were female.[24]

As of September 30, 2009, 84 people, including 82 males and 2 females, were on death row for committing violent crimes. The death row population constituted .2% of Louisiana's incarcerated offenders. Of the death row offenders, 64.6% were Black, 34.1% were White, and 1.3% were other. The average age of a death row offender was 38.5 years, and the average age of conviction was 27.6 years.[25]

Employees[edit]

As of 2010, the department has about 6,200 employees. 82% of them work inside state prisons.[26]

Fallen officers[edit]

Since its inception, the Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections has lost seven officers in line-of-duty deaths.[27]

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.census.gov/popest/states/NST-ann-est.html 2007 Population Estimates
  2. ^ "Headquarters." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. Retrieved on December 8, 2009. "504 Mayflower Street Baton Rouge, LA 70802"
  3. ^ Louisiana Department of Corrections website
  4. ^ Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections Master Plan
  5. ^ Home. Louisiana Department of Public Safety. Retrieved on October 28, 2010.
  6. ^ "FAQ." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. Retrieved on June 29, 2010.
  7. ^ a b c Louisiana State Penitentiary History page
  8. ^ Millhollon, Michelle. "Corrections agency may sell off prisons." The Advocate. October 14, 2010. Retrieved on October 27, 2010.
  9. ^ a b Welborn, Vickie. "Forcht Wade converting to substance abuse treatment facility." The Shreveport Times. December 11, 2009. Retrieved on October 25, 2012. "EHCC will handle the offender intake process for the entire state and will open its skilled nursing unit to meet the critical medical and mental health needs of the state offender population."
  10. ^ a b "Classification–Where Inmates Serve Their Time." Inside the System: How Inmates Live and Work. (Archive) Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 13/40. Retrieved on June 30, 2010.
  11. ^ Staggs, Sean. "Forcht Wade Correctional Center to close this summer." KSLA-TV. February 9, 2012. Retrieved on October 25, 2012.
  12. ^ Johnson, Allen Jr. "Shared Fate." Gambit Weekly. March 20, 2001. Retrieved on October 2, 2010.
  13. ^ a b "Classification–Where Inmates Serve Their Time." Inside the System: How Inmates Live and Work. Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 14/40. Retrieved on June 30, 2010.
  14. ^ "Officials prep for Bordelon's execution Thursday." The Advocate. January 6, 2010. Retrieved on August 24, 2010. "Laborde said Bordelon has been moved from Angola's new Death Row facility to a cell at nearby Camp F, where the execution chamber is located"
  15. ^ "Time in Prison." (Archive) Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 28/40. September 23, 2010.
  16. ^ "Time in Prison." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 9/40. September 23, 2010.
  17. ^ "Time in Prison." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 28/40. September 23, 2010.
  18. ^ Anderson, Ed. "Prison inmates, visitors, staff banned from smoking in lockups starting Aug. 1." New Orleans Times Picayune. August 4, 2009. Retrieved on November 3, 2010.
  19. ^ a b c d e "Institution Index." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. February 10, 2001. Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  20. ^ "Institution Index." Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections. December 7, 2003. Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  21. ^ "History of Juvenile Justice in La." Louisiana Office of Juvenile Justice. Retrieved on September 23, 2010.
  22. ^ Gannett News Service. "State 'lockup quota' among nation's highest." Shreveport Times. September 20, 2013. Retrieved on September 22, 2013.
  23. ^ "Demographic Profiles of the Adult Correctional Population (Including DOC evacuees)." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. Retrieved on June 29, 2010.
  24. ^ "Demographic Profiles of LIFERS Adult Correctional Population." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. Retrieved on June 29, 2010.
  25. ^ "Demographic Profiles of the Death Row Correctional Population." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. Retrieved on June 29, 2010.
  26. ^ "Time in Prison." Louisiana Department of Public Safety & Corrections. 1/40. September 23, 2010.
  27. ^ The Officer Down Memorial Page

External links[edit]