Louisiana Highway 6

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Louisiana Highway 6 marker

Louisiana Highway 6
Route information
Maintained by Louisiana DOTD
Length: 54.4 mi[1] (87.5 km)
Existed: 1955 renumbering – present
Tourist
routes:
Louisiana scenic byways.pngLouisiana Scenic Byways:
Colonial Trails Scenic Byway
Major junctions
West end: SH 21 at Texas state line southwest of Many
  US 171 in Many
I‑49 in Natchitoches
LA 1 in Natchitoches
East end: US 71 / US 84 in Clarence
Location
Parishes: Sabine, Natchitoches
Highway system
  • Louisiana Highway System
LA 5 LA 7

Louisiana Highway 6 (LA 6) is a state highway located in western central Louisiana that runs 54.4 miles (87.5 km) in an east–west direction from the Texas state line southwest of Many to U.S. Highway 71 (US 71) and U.S. Highway 84 (US 84) in Clarence.[1]

The route connects Many and Natchitoches, the seats of the two parishes it traverses, Sabine and Natchitoches. The bridge over the Toledo Bend Reservoir at the west end of LA 6 provides the only crossing of the state line between US 84 at Logansport, 44 miles (71 km) to the north, and LA 191 west of Leesville, 31 miles (50 km) to the south.

LA 6 is also steeped in history, as it roughly follows the El Camino Real de los Tejas, a National Historic Trail, and passes through Natchitoches, the oldest permanent settlement in the Louisiana Purchase. Its significance as a scenic route has been recognized by its inclusion as part of the Colonial Trails Scenic Byway, one of the state-designated Louisiana Scenic Byways.[2]

Route description[edit]

Toledo Bend Reservoir to Natchitoches[edit]

From the west, LA 6 begins at the Texas state line, continuing the route of Texas State Highway 21 (SH 21) midway across a bridge over the Toledo Bend Reservoir. After heading northeast into Sabine Parish, Louisiana for 2.4 miles (3.9 km), LA 6 reaches land and curves to the east for another 3.6 miles (5.8 km) where it intersects LA 191 south of Zwolle. Continuing eastward for 6.7 miles (10.8 km), LA 6 intersects LA 476 and curves to the northeast toward Many, the parish seat.[1][3][4]

LA 6 enters Many on San Antonio Avenue and intersects US 171, which heads northwest to Zwolle and south to Leesville. After passing through the center of town, LA 6 makes a zigzag to the north and east then intersects LA 1217 (Marthaville Road). 3.8 miles (6.1 km) northeast of Many, LA 6 passes near the Fort Jesup State Historic Site, which is served by LA 3118, a short loop off the main road. 4.9 miles (7.9 km) later, LA 6 crosses from Sabine Parish into Natchitoches Parish.[1][4][5]

Continuing northeast into Natchitoches Parish, LA 6 enters the village of Robeline on Texas Street. At Oak Street, LA 6 intersects LA 120, which heads northwest to Marthaville. Just beyond Robeline is an intersection with LA 485, which heads to Powhatan, northwest of Natchitoches. 4.8 miles (7.7 km) later, at a point known as Hagewood, LA 6 intersects LA 117 north of Provencal.[1][4][6]

3.3 miles (5.3 km) past Hagewood, LA 6 enters the far western city limit of Natchitoches, the parish seat of Natchitoches Parish, and widens to a divided, four-lane highway as it passes through an interchange with I-49 at Exit 138. I-49 connects to Shreveport to the northwest and Alexandria to the southeast. Immediately afterward, LA 6 intersects LA 504, which passes around the west side of Sibley Lake. It then intersects LA 3278, and the median gives way to a center turning lane.[1][4][7]

Natchitoches to Clarence[edit]

Approaching the main part of town, LA 6 again becomes a divided, four-lane highway as it reaches a four-way intersection at the Natchitoches Bypass. Here, LA 1 heads southeast on the bypass toward Alexandria; LA 6 Business continues straight through town on University Parkway; and mainline LA 6 turns north onto the bypass co-signed with LA 1. After passing along the east side of Sibley Lake for 0.8 miles (1.3 km), the roadway narrows to two lanes to cross a bridge over an outer arm of the lake. Continuing northward, LA 1 and LA 6 intersect LA 1 Business and LA 3191 (Texas Street). Shortly afterward, LA 6 turns to the northeast and separates from LA 1, passing along the north side of town. At a T-intersection with Washington Street, LA 6 rejoins the business route and turns north away from town.[1][4][7]

2.3 miles (3.7 km) later, at a point known as Grand Ecore, LA 6 crosses a beam bridge over the Red River. It then curves east and intersects LA 486, the Campti Cutoff. Soon afterward, LA 6 enters the village of Clarence and intersects LA 1225 (Jefferson Highway). Immediately after crossing the Kansas City Southern Railway (KCS) tracks, LA 6 reaches its eastern terminus at a four-way intersection with US 71 and US 84. From this intersection, US 71 heads southeast to Alexandria; US 84 heads east to Winnfield; and northbound US 71 and westbound US 84 head northwest concurrently toward Coushatta.[1][4][7]

History[edit]

In the original Louisiana Highway system in use between 1921 and 1955, the modern LA 6 comprised the western segment of the original State Route 6,[8][9][10] a rare case of numerical duplication between the two systems. While State Route 6 was a cross-state route, the current highway only covers one-third of its counterpart's former route. From the present eastern terminus in Clarence, State Route 6 continued eastward through Winnfield, Jena, Jonesville, and Ferriday to the Mississippi state line at Vidalia, located opposite the Mississippi River from Natchez.[11] In 1934, US 84 was extended west into Louisiana over this route.[a][12][13] While the pre-1955 system maintained state route designations on all U.S. Highways in the state, the 1955 Louisiana Highway renumbering eliminated unnecessary concurrencies of this sort, leaving only US 84 on the eastern segment.[14]

Since the 1955 renumbering, the route of LA 6 has seen no major alignment changes apart from its shift onto a bypass around Natchitoches around the 1990s. LA 1 and LA 6 originally followed their current business routes through town. In 1975, the Natchitoches Bypass (constructed as LA 3110) was opened, relocating LA 1 on its current route, looping around the south and west side of town.[15][16] LA 1 Business and LA 3191 were created at this time to cover the original route. Around 1980, a road was constructed to connect LA 6 with the LA 1 bypass on the north side of town.[17][18] It was originally designated as LA 3175 and became part of LA 6 by the mid-1990s.[19] LA 6 then became concurrent with LA 1 running along Sibley Lake, and LA 6 Business was created along the original route through Natchitoches.[19]

Other alignment changes have resulted from the construction of bridges and the smoothing out of curves along much of the route. LA 6 originally entered Louisiana by crossing the Sabine River on a bridge built in 1937 at the former community of Pendleton, Texas. The current bridge, much longer in length, was constructed in 1963 when the river became part of the Toledo Bend Reservoir. Two miles of previously dry land at the western end of LA 6, an area formerly known as East Pendleton, are now under water crossed by the current bridge, which follows a slightly straighter alignment than the old road.[3][20] Approaching the eastern terminus at Clarence, LA 6 originally crossed the Red River at Grand Ecore on a now-demolished bridge that existed immediately to the east of the current span built in 1959.[7][21]

Much of LA 6 between Many and Natchitoches was reconstructed around the 1970s, straightening several sharp curves and zigzags. Fragments of the original route surviving today as local roads include: Shawnee Town Loop northeast of Many; Stoker Loop immediately northeast of Fort Jesup; Stewart Loop and Clower Loop between Fort Jesup and Robeline; PR 648 (Johnny Floyd Road) northeast of Robeline; and PR 542 (Old LA 6) on the west side of I-49. Two additional segments are still part of the state highway system. The first, LA 3118, serves the bypassed Fort Jesup State Historic Site. The second, LA 3278, is located at the west end of Natchitoches adjacent to I-49.[6][7][21][22]

Major intersections[edit]

Parish Location Mile[1] km Destinations Notes
Sabine   0.0 0.0 SH 21 – San Augustine, Nacogdoches Western terminus; TexasLouisiana state line
  0.0–
2.4
0.0–
3.9
Bridge over Toledo Bend Reservoir
  6.0 9.7 LA 191 – Zwolle
  12.7 20.4 LA 476 south – Negreet Northern terminus of LA 476
Many 17.8 28.6 US 171 – Zwolle, Leesville
18.9 30.4 LA 1217 north (Marthaville Road) – Marthaville Southern terminus of LA 1217
Fort Jesup 23.4 37.7 LA 3118 east (Old LA 6) – Fort Jesup Western terminus of LA 3118
24.5 39.4 LA 3118 west (Old LA 6) – Fort Jesup Eastern terminus of LA 3118
Natchitoches Robeline 32.2 51.8 LA 120 (Oak Street) – Marthaville
  33.2 53.4 LA 485 north Southern terminus of LA 485
Hagewood 38.1 61.3 LA 117 south – Provencal Northern terminus of LA 117
Natchitoches 41.8 67.3 I‑49 – Shreveport, Alexandria Exit 138 on I-49
42.0 67.6 LA 504 north Southern terminus of LA 504
  44.0 70.8 LA 3278 west Eastern terminus of LA 3278
Natchitoches 45.2 72.7 LA 1 south – Alexandria

LA 6 Bus. east (University Parkway) – Natchitoches
West end of LA 1 concurrency; western terminus of LA 6 Business
46.7 75.2
LA 1 Bus. south / LA 3191 (Texas Street) – Natchitoches
Northern terminus of LA 1 Business
47.2 76.0 LA 1 north – Shreveport East end of LA 1 concurrency
48.5 78.1
LA 6 Bus. west (Washington Street) – Natchitoches
Eastern terminus of LA 6 Business
Grand Ecore 50.8–
51.2
81.8–
82.4
Bridge over Red River
  51.8 83.4 LA 486 west (Campti Cutoff) – Campti Southern terminus of LA 486 (signed as west–east)
Clarence 54.0 86.9 LA 1225 south (Jefferson Highway) Northern terminus of LA 1225
54.4 87.5 US 71 / US 84 west – Coushatta, Alexandria
US 84 east (Natchitoches Road) – Winnfield
Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Business route[edit]


Louisiana Highway 6
Location: Natchitoches
Length: 3.6 mi[23] (5.8 km)
Existed: 1990s–present

Louisiana Highway 6 Business (LA 6 Business) follows the original route of LA 6 through Natchitoches prior to its re-routing onto the Natchitoches Bypass around the 1990s.[23]

From the intersection of LA 1 and LA 6 on the west side of town, LA 6 Business heads east on University Parkway, a divided, four-lane roadway. As it passes alongside the Northwestern State University campus, the roadway narrows to two lanes with a center turning lane. Reaching an intersection with LA 1223 (Mill Street), LA 6 Business turns northward onto Jefferson Street, an undivided, two-lane roadway, and enters the Natchitoches Historic District. Now running along the west bank of the Cane River Lake, LA 6 Business intersects LA 494 (Keyser Avenue), which traverses the eastern part of town on the opposite bank. Entering the downtown area, the roadway maintains a brick surface in keeping with its historic surroundings. At Church Street, LA 6 Business intersects LA 1 Business and LA 3191. Leaving the downtown area, LA 6 makes a slight jog onto Washington Street where it regains its modern road surface. 1.5 miles (2.4 km) later, LA 6 Business rejoins its parent route, which intersects from the west.[4][7][23]

The entire highway is in Natchitoches, Natchitoches Parish.

Mile[23] km Destinations Notes
0.0 0.0 LA 1 / LA 6 to I‑49 – Shreveport, Alexandria Western terminus
1.2 1.9 LA 1223 south (Mill Street) – Alexandria Northern terminus of LA 1223
1.4 2.3 LA 494 west (Keyser Avenue) Northern terminus of LA 494 (signed east–west)
1.9 3.1
LA 1 Bus. / LA 3191 north (Church Street)
Southern terminus of LA 3191
3.6 5.8 LA 6 – Shreveport, Clarence Eastern terminus
1.000 mi = 1.609 km; 1.000 km = 0.621 mi

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The only exception is that US 84 was routed over a more direct route through Tullos, rather than Olla, between Winnfield and Jena.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i Google Inc. "Overview Map of LA 6". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=LA+6+(Western+Terminus)&daddr=31.6429828,-93.3653153+to:LA+6+(Eastern+Terminus)&hl=en&ll=31.667408,-93.345337&spn=0.644015,1.352692&sll=31.631825,-93.356409&sspn=0.040267,0.084543&geocode=FVMl4AEd0ZJp-g%3BFWbV4gEdvVtv-in_vMdp7p4whjENJ1eB-2EMjg%3BFZSN5QEdnXt0-g&mra=dpe&mrsp=1&sz=14&via=1&t=m&z=10. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  2. ^ "Colonial Trails Scenic Byway". U.S. Department of Transportation. Retrieved July 16, 2013. 
  3. ^ a b Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (February 2012) (PDF). Sabine Parish (South Section) (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. http://www.dotd.la.gov/planning/mapping/Parish%20Maps/Sabine_South.pdf. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (February 2012) (PDF). District 08: Official Control Section Map / Construction and Maintenance (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. http://www.dotd.la.gov/planning/mapping/District%20Maps/District_08.pdf. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  5. ^ Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (February 2012) (PDF). Sabine Parish (North Section) (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. http://www.dotd.la.gov/planning/mapping/Parish%20Maps/Sabine_North.pdf. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  6. ^ a b Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (February 2012) (PDF). Natchitoches Parish (South Section) (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. http://www.dotd.la.gov/planning/mapping/Parish%20Maps/Natchitoches_South.pdf. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  7. ^ a b c d e f Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (February 2012) (PDF). Natchitoches Parish (North Section) (Map). Cartography by La DOTD Office of Multimodal Planning. http://www.dotd.la.gov/planning/mapping/Parish%20Maps/Natchitoches_North.pdf. Retrieved July 16, 2013.
  8. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (1949). Sabine Parish (Map). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (January 1, 1955 ed.).
  9. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (1948). Natchitoches Parish (South Section) (Map). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (January 1, 1955 ed.).
  10. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (1948). Natchitoches Parish (North Section) (Map). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (January 1, 1955 ed.).
  11. ^ "Act No. 95, House Bill No. 206". State-Times (Baton Rouge). November 29, 1921. p. 9. 
  12. ^ a b Texaco (Summer 1934). Texaco Road Map: Arkansas/Louisiana/Mississippi (Map). Cartography by Rand McNally & Company.
  13. ^ Louisiana Highway Commission (July 1935). Official Road Map of Louisiana (Map). Cartography by Louisiana Highway Commission.
  14. ^ "Act No. 40, House Bill No. 311". State-Times (Baton Rouge). June 18, 1955. p. 3B. 
  15. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (1971). Louisiana (Map). Cartography by Louisiana Department of Highways.
  16. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (1976). Louisiana (Map). Cartography by Louisiana Department of Highways.
  17. ^ Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (1979). Louisiana (Map). Cartography by La DOTD (1979–1980 ed.).
  18. ^ Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (1981). Louisiana (Map). Cartography by La DOTD.
  19. ^ a b Louisiana Department of Transportation and Development (1997). Natchitoches Parish (North Section) (Map). Cartography by Office of Planning and Programming.
  20. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (1957). Sabine Parish (Map). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (January 1, 1958 ed.).
  21. ^ a b Louisiana Department of Highways (1956). Natchitoches Parish (North Section) (Map). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (January 1, 1958 ed.).
  22. ^ Louisiana Department of Highways (1956). Natchitoches Parish (South Section) (Map). Cartography by Department of Highways Traffic and Planning Section (January 1, 1958 ed.).
  23. ^ a b c d Google Inc. "Overview Map of LA 6 Business". Google Maps (Map). Cartography by Google, Inc. http://maps.google.com/maps?saddr=LA+6+Business+(Western+Terminus)&daddr=31.7615663,-93.0860345+to:LA+6+Business+(Eastern+Terminus)&hl=en&ll=31.768529,-93.095655&spn=0.040207,0.084543&sll=31.751703,-93.107318&sspn=0.002513,0.005284&geocode=FaJ-5AEdcUlz-g%3BFZ6k5AEdrp5z-iknf9FuRX0whjGJ9JpOfAWDwQ%3BFQz_5AEdvpxz-g&mra=dme&mrsp=0&sz=18&via=1&t=m&z=14. Retrieved July 16, 2013.

External links[edit]

Route map: Google / Bing