|Single by Lady Gaga|
|from the album The Fame|
|Released||March 23, 2009|
|Lady Gaga singles chronology|
"LoveGame" is a song by American singer Lady Gaga from her debut album, The Fame (2008). Produced by RedOne, the track was released as the album's third single in North America and Europe and the fourth single in Australia, New Zealand, and Sweden after "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)". "LoveGame" was also released as the fourth single in the United Kingdom, after "Paparazzi".
Critics appreciated the song's rhythm and the "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick" hook. Gaga had explained that the term "disco stick" is a euphemism for a penis and was inspired by her sexual attraction with a stranger at a night club. Musically carrying the vibe of underground New York discos, "LoveGame" talks about love, fame, and sexuality which was the central theme of the album. The song received a number of remixes, one of them featuring rocker Marilyn Manson. "LoveGame" was a commercial success, charting within the top ten in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, France, Germany, and other European countries. It became Gaga's third consecutive number-one song on the Billboard Pop Songs chart and achieved double platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America.
The New York underground inspired music video for the song was directed by Joseph Kahn, and portrayed Gaga dancing at an underground subway station and in a parking lot. The music video was a tribute from the singer to the New York lifestyle including its glamour, fans and fashion. The video has several influences of Michael Jackson's "Bad" music video, which also took place in a subway station. The music video was banned from broadcast at the PG rated time slots in Australian television channels because of its sexual content. "LoveGame" has been performed live a number of times by Gaga, including The Fame Ball and The Monster Ball tours, where she performed it while holding her characteristic disco stick in one hand.
- 1 Background and release
- 2 Recording and composition
- 3 Critical reception
- 4 Chart performance
- 5 Music video
- 6 Live performances
- 7 Track listing
- 8 Credits and personnel
- 9 Charts
- 10 Certifications
- 11 Release history
- 12 See also
- 13 References
- 14 External links
Background and release
Towards the end of 2007, Lady Gaga's management company introduced her to songwriter and producer RedOne, whom they also managed. By 2008, Gaga relocated to Los Angeles in order to work extensively with her record label to complete her debut album, The Fame, and set up her own creative team called the Haus of Gaga. "LoveGame" was one of the songs written by Gaga and RedOne who also produced the track. With Rolling Stone, Gaga explained that she was at a nightclub and had a "sexual crush" on somebody. She went up to the person and uttered the line, "I wanna ride on your disco stick". Thinking it to be a thoughtful metaphor for penis, Gaga went to the recording studio the next day and wrote the song in roughly four minutes. Gaga also had ideas for the live performance of the song where she used "an actual stick—it looks like a giant rock-candy pleasuring tool—that lights up".
While commenting in regards to the lyrical content of the song on Australian talk show, Rove, Gaga said that she was unrepentant about her "disco stick" metaphor, though it led to a banning of the music video on Network Ten in Australia. She added that the metaphor was not meant to be subtle and was clear what the lyrics constituted off. "If anything, I happen to think people are frivolously hard on me", Gaga generalized. She went on to relegate "lot of youth-oriented pop music" as much racier than hers with their sexually provocative lyrics, but Gaga felt that the whole context of her visuals alongside the music was what made people react. "It's the music in relation to the visual, in relation to the way I move and the way I articulate the lyrics. But if I wanted to make music to make people sing 'la di da' that would be very boring," she concluded.
"LoveGame" was released as the album's third single in North America and Europe and the fourth single in Australia, New Zealand, and Sweden after "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)". In the US it was sent to Contemporary hit radio (CHR) formats for airplay from May 12, 2009. The track initially had been planned as the third single release in the United Kingdom, but deeming its lyrics and music video potentially controversial, it was decided that "Paparazzi" would be released instead. "LoveGame" has received a number of remix treatments, one of which featured rocker Marilyn Manson in the vocals. Rolling Stone reported that the remix was conceived during Gaga's photoshoot with the magazine in May 2009, when Manson arrived at the set. The rocker was impressed by the shoot and wanted to collaborate with Gaga, saying that "she's a great musician, she's a great singer, and she's laughing when she's doing it, the same way that I am". In return, Gaga also lent vocals for a remix of a song from Manson's seventh studio album, The High End of Low.
Recording and composition
A 23-second sample of Gaga's "LoveGame" where the chorus is played backed by the line "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick."
|Problems playing this file? See media help.|
"LoveGame" was recorded at Record Plant Studios, Hollywood and Chalice Recording Studios, Los Angeles, California. Along with the production work of the track, RedOne also contributed to its background vocals, instrumentation, programming, audio engineering and recording. Other personnel involved in creating the final version of the song included Robert Orton who did the audio mixing, and Gene Grimaldi who mastered the song at Oasis Mastering, Burbank, California.
Musically, "LoveGame" is an uptempo electro and R&B song. According to Kerri Mason of Billboard, the composition has a vibe of the New York downtown musical scene, but has a more mainstream appeal to it, making it perfect for radio, "without losing its smut and sass". The song does not have a massive sound like previous single "Poker Face", nor has a big melody like subsequent single, "Paparazzi". Instead the composition of the song is electro-R&B, consisting of big beats and a number of hooks, with Gaga repeating the word "huh!" from time to time.
Gaga explained that the lyrics of "LoveGame" were clear about what the song is all about. She thought that the lyrics portrayed a powerful message about love, fame, and sexuality which was the central theme of The Fame. According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, "LoveGame" is set in the time signature of common time and is composed in the key of B minor with a moderate tempo of 104 beats per minute. Gaga's vocal range spans from B3 to G5. It follows in the chord progression of Am–Dm–C–Am–Dm–C in the first two verse and chorus while progressing as Am–Dm–Am–Dm in the intermediate verse before the final chorus.
The song received mostly positive reviews from critics. The Phoenix music editor Daniel Brockman said that "Gaga ups the ante in terms of catchy song writing and sheer high-in-the-club-banging-to-the-beat abandon." He also commented on the lyrics saying that "'Let's have some fun, this beat is sick / I wanna take a ride on your disco stick' might be the trashiest-yet-awesomest refrain I've heard on a major-label record this year." Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine criticized the song for "cheap" lyrics and "painfully enunciat[ing] without any resemblance of actual sex appeal". While reviewing The Fame, BBC said that the song sounded robotic in the line "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick", though deemed it a brilliant track which "leaves us awarding Gaga the yearbook title of 'pop star most likely to kill'."
Nick Levine from Digital Spy believed that lines like "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick" was a direct reason of Gaga's commercial success. Although he felt that the song was "attention-seeking", he knew that it would provoke reaction from the masses, be it good or bad. Genevieve Koski from The A.V. Club called the song as a "propulsive club anthem" and complimented its synths and drum programming. She described it aurally as "a dizzying sonic trip that approximates the high point of a chemically enhanced night of club-hopping." Evan Sawdey from PopMatters complimented RedOne's production of the song, listing it as one of the best tracks on The Fame.
Ben Hogwood from musicOMH declared the song as "top notch, diamond-encrusted pop" along with other tracks like "Starstruck" and "Paparazzi". He found the lyrics to be sometimes odd, especially the statement, "I'm on a mission, and it involves some heavy touchin'." Sarah Rodman of The Boston Globe said that the song "has a gutter level quippage with sinuous moves". Priya Elan from The Times was not impressed with the song and called it calculated. Billboard music editor Chris Williams gave the song a positive review, commenting that "It has all the winning ingredients of its predecessors: a radio-friendly, club/electropop feel; a provocative, yet silly enough catchphrase and hook; and a dash of '80s synth magic, so the adults can play along. On 'LoveGame' Gaga is in it to win it."
While reviewing The Fame on its fifth year anniversary, Bradley Stern from Idolator noted that "LoveGame" could "easily be erased from Gaga's back catalog with little consequence" since he felt it to be nothing more than an "electro-dance" track. But Stern believed that "LoveGame" was an important component of Gaga's career trajectory, since it was the last testament of her image as "that of the disco-stick wielding pop star from out of space"—the image was later deconstructed as the doomed starlet in the music video of "Paparazzi". He concluded by saying that the song "is a wonderful moment of pop frivolity which served to keep the upstart Lady Gaga machine chugging along at the beginning of her career."
Following its release, "LoveGame" debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 96 for the week ending April 4, 2009, but fell off the chart the following week. After six weeks it reached number six on the Hot 100 by selling 107,000 digital downloads and becoming the week's greatest digital gainer. Two weeks later, "LoveGame" peaked at number five on the chart. It reached number-one on the Hot Dance Club Songs, and also became Gaga's third number-one on the Mainstream Top 40 chart. The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified "LoveGame" double platinum for shipment of two million copies across United States. It has sold 2,584,000 paid digital downloads in the United States as of March 2014, according to Nielsen Soundscan.
In Canada, the song debuted on the Canadian Hot 100 at number 68 before its official release as a single. Its second appearance was on the chart of January 10, 2009, at number 87. After a few weeks, "LoveGame" entered the top ten of the Canadian Hot 100 and climbed to number five. After fluctuating down the chart for a few weeks "LoveGame" reached a new peak of two on the chart. The song was certified double platinum by the Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA) in June 2009, for sales of 160,000 paid digital downloads.
In Australia, the song debuted at number 92 on the ARIA Charts, and then moved up the charts to number 41 the next week. On the issue dated May 11, 2009, the song peaked at number four, becoming Gaga's third top five single there. "LoveGame" was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for shipment of 70,000 copies of the single. In New Zealand, the song debuted at number thirty-six and moved up to a peak of number 12. The Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ) certified it gold for shipment of 7,500 copies of the single. On the issue dated March 6, 2009, the song entered the Irish Singles Chart at number 49 and peaked at number 30, after eight weeks on the chart. It also debuted at number 19 in Finland and has since moved to a peak of number 12.
In early 2009, the song charted on the UK Singles Chart and peaked at number 89 based on downloads only. It re-entered the chart at number 64 after the release of the single was announced, and peaked at 19, becoming her lowest-charting single in the UK at that time. The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) certified it silver, for sales of 200,000 copies. In the Netherlands the song debuted at number 28 and has peaked at number five. The song debuted at number six in France and moved to its peak of number five the next week. It debuted at numbers 19 and 38 on the Belgian Ultratop Flanders and Wallonia charts respectively. In Flanders it has reached a peak of six, while in Wallonia it moved to a peak of five. "LoveGame" also reached a peak of number seven on the Billboard European Hot 100 Singles chart.
Background and development
The music video of "LoveGame" was directed by Joseph Kahn and premiered on March 23, 2009, in Australia, and on August 13, 2009, at UK on 4Music channel. The video mainly takes place in a subway station, hence several scenes are reminiscent to Michael Jackson's "Bad" music video, which was also shot in a similar location. Although the production and shooting of "LoveGame" took place in January 2009 alongside with the music video for "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)", it nevertheless has a New York City setting.
Gaga spoke to Whitney Pastorek of Entertainment Weekly during a "Behind the Scenes" episode of the shoot, about her inspirations for the video. She wanted to have a "giant" dance video with "LoveGame", describing it as "plastic, beautiful, gorgeous, sweaty, tar on the floor". There would be scary and dangerous looking men also in the video. Gaga had the idea of portraying herself and her co-actors as New York inhabitants taking on the role of designers, performance artists, dancers etc. She enlisted people from downtown New York as dancers, who normally would not get cast in a video.
One of the props developed for the video was a pair of sunglasses made of wire. According to Gaga, she imagined "a downtown, bad-ass kid walking down the street with his buddies, grabbing a pair of pliers, and making a pair of sunglasses out of a fence on the street". She wore them on the opening shot of the music video along with a chain link hood garment, saying that "they look so hard. It looks like I plied them right out of the fence and put them on my face".
Synopsis and reception
The video starts with the heading "Streamline presents" and three men moving through Times Square. They open a man-hole cover on which "Haus of Gaga" is written. Gaga is then shown naked with blue and purple paint and glitter on her body, frolicking with two men who have the words "Love" and "Fame" shaved into their heads. The scene shifts to a subway where Gaga starts singing in a grey-white leotard with a hood. She carries her characteristic disco stick and wears chain-linked glasses. The chorus starts with Gaga and her dancers progressing through the subway and dancing down a staircase. Two harlequin Great Danes, are also shown on top of the staircase.
The video shifts to a train where the second verse takes place with choreographed dance routines and Gaga wearing a black jacket. During the intermediate music, Gaga is shown entering a ticket booth with an inspector while kissing and caressing. As the camera pans from right to left the inspector changes from a man to woman in each frame. The final scene shows Gaga doing a choreographed dance routine with her crew of backup dancers. The video comes to an end as Gaga and her dancers hold their groins, gesturing towards the camera.
The music video was censored in many countries after its release in 2009. The video faced censorship troubles in Australia where it was rated AV18+ by Network Ten for the "suggestive video footage involving bondage and sexual acts". The channel demanded an edited version of the video which would not violate censorship rules. Video Hits refused to air the video in its G and PG rated time slots. They cited "numerous sexual references both visually and lyrically" as the reason they could not create a child-friendly edit without bleeping the repeated hook "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick". However, Australian programs like Rage and cable networks Channel V and MTV aired the video in its original form.
The video also faced a ban from MTV Arabia citing the same reason as Australia. Since it was very rare to ban videos in MTV, head of MTV Arabia Samer al Marzouki commented, "We represent the young generation's mentality and culture so we can't play something that conflicts with that. If they can't watch something comfortably with their brother, sisters or friends then we will not play it." In the United States, VH1 and MTV played an edited version that removed the scenes showing Gaga naked, and blurred the label on a bottle of alcohol held by a dancer, but they did not change the lyrics.
Gaga first performed "LoveGame" live in June 2008 on the Isle of Malta special of MTV Asia. She later performed it on the UK program, The Album Chart Show, on February 4, 2009, while promoting The Fame. On March 20, 2009, the song was performed live at the AOL Sessions along with Gaga's other singles such as "Just Dance", "Paparazzi", "Beautiful, Dirty, Rich", and an acoustic version of "Poker Face". An acoustic version of "LoveGame" was performed at the MTV Sessions in January 2009.
The song was a major part of Gaga's Fame Ball tour as the second number of the set list, and was performed alongside album track, "Starstruck". Gaga wore a silver and black short skirt looking like a tutu and shaped like a peplum. She had a triangular piece attached on the dress on her right breast, and completed her look with high heeled ultra spike shoes. Gaga's hair was made an austere blond bob, and she accessorized with black sunglasses. Her dancers surrounded the stage, holding plates encrusted with crystals, which completely hid them. As the performance of the opening number "Paparazzi" ended, the plates opened up and Gaga started singing the song "Starstruck" while standing on the platform. Pre-recorded music and mixing were provided in the background by DJ Space Cowboy. Gaga also brought out the disco stick for the performance of "LoveGame". It ended with Gaga doing a dance routine for the last chorus and coming down to the front of the stage.
On May 17, 2009, Gaga performed the song live on Australian talk show, Rove. She also performed the song at the season finale of the eighth season season of Dancing with the Stars. A remixed version of "Poker Face" and "LoveGame" was performed at the 2009 MuchMusic Video Awards (MMVA), during the indoor-outdoor street-side show. The performance, which included Gaga being trapped in a fake subway car surrounded by fake police officers, was billed as a tribute to New York City. In 2014, Toronto Sun listed the performance as the fifth most "jaw-dropping" moment in the history of MMVAs, when Gaga introduced her characteristic "flaming bra" during the song. On September 8, 2009, Gaga performed "LoveGame" at the season seven premiere of The Ellen DeGeneres Show. A version featuring a full live band was performed at the thirty-fifth season of American comedy show Saturday Night Live, while wearing a big gyroscope-like contraption that rotated around Gaga.
In late 2009, "LoveGame" was added to the set list of Gaga's The Monster Ball Tour. In the original version of the tour, the singer wore an off-white costume with skeletal lighted headgear and breastplates shaped like ribs. A digital background of flames and mechanical fog was featured, with her dancers also wearing skeletal headgear. On the revamped shows of The Monster Ball during 2010–11, the intro of the song had a video showing Gaga puking green liquid on the white dress of her look-alike. "LoveGame" was introduced during the second act and featured a New York City subway car on stage from which Gaga and her dancers emerged. While wearing a revealing plastic dress and an exaggerated nun's habit, Gaga wielded the disco stick, which was modified to look like a torch. The performance incorporated the Chew Fu remix of the song which commenced at the end with Gaga asking the audience to dance along with her.
The song was also included on the set list of the 2012 Born This Way Ball tour. The song was shortened and had Gaga performing it in a clear bath tub while wearing a Statue of Liberty styled head piece. Gaga ventured into the crowd during the song, through the extended pathways from the stage and after the performance she invited a fan onstage. Joey Guerra from the Houston Chronicle believed that the appearance of "LoveGame" during the tour proved it to be a far superior track than the ones from Gaga's second studio album, Born This Way (2011).
Credits and personnel
- Lady Gaga – vocals, songwriting, background vocals
- RedOne – songwriting, production, background vocals, instrumentation, programming, audio engineering, recording at Record Plant Studios, Hollywood and Chalice Recording Studios, Los Angeles, California
- Robert Orton – audio mixing
- Gene Grimaldi – audio mastering at Oasis Mastering, Burbank, California
Credits adapted from The Fame album liner notes.
|Canada (Music Canada)||2× Platinum||160,000^|
|New Zealand (RMNZ)||Gold||7,500*|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||200,000^|
|United States (RIAA)||2× Platinum||2,584,000|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|France||March 23, 2009||Digital download|
|Canada||March 24, 2009|
|United States||March 31, 2009|
|May 12, 2009||Contemporary hit radio|
|Digital download – The Remixes|
|June 9, 2009||CD single – The Remixes|
|Germany||June 26, 2009|
|France||May 11, 2009|
|United Kingdom||September 21, 2009|
- List of number-one dance singles of 2009 (U.S.)
- List of Mainstream Top 40 number-one hits of 2009 (U.S.)
- "BMI Repertoire: "LoveGame" writing credits". Broadcast Music Incorporated. Retrieved April 19, 2010.
- "Interview With RedOne". HitQuarters. March 23, 2009. Retrieved December 19, 2009.
- Herbert, Emily (2010). Lady Gaga: Queen of Pop. John Blake Publishing. ISBN 978-1-84454-963-4.
- Scaggs, Austin (February 19, 2009). "The 'Just Dance' singer on leotards, the first lady and raunchy lyrics". Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). ISSN 0035-791X.
- "The world goes crazy for Lady Gaga". News.com.au. News Corp. May 21, 2009. Retrieved May 27, 2009.
- "iTunes – Musique – LoveGame – Single par Lady Gaga". France: iTunes Store. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "LoveGame (The Remixes) – EP By Lady Gaga". Canada: iTunes Store. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- "R&R: Going For Adds: Top 40/CHR". Radio & Records. May 12, 2009. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- James, Nicole (June 11, 2012). "Marilyn Manson Prefers Kylie Minogue, Justin Timberlake To Lady Gaga". Fuse. The Madison Square Garden Company. Retrieved June 19, 2012.
- Kreps, Daniel (June 11, 2009). "Lady Gaga and Marilyn Manson Team Up For LoveGame". Rolling Stone (Jann Wenner). Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Lady Gaga (2008). The Fame (CD, Digital download). Interscope Records. p. 3. B0011805-02.
- Levine, Nick (January 9, 2009). "Lady GaGa: 'The Fame'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Mason, Kerri (November 10, 2008). "Lady Gaga: The Fame review". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on October 21, 2009. Retrieved March 17, 2009.
- Levine, Nick (September 16, 2009). "Lady GaGa: 'LoveGame'". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Germanotta, Stefani; Khayat, Nadir (2009). "Lady Gaga: Lovegame Sheet Music". Musicnotes. Alfred Publishing. Retrieved July 9, 2009.
- Brockman, Daniel (October 22, 2008). "Lady GaGa:The Fame". The Phoenix (Phoenix Media/Communications Group). Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- Cinquemani, Sal (October 25, 2008). "Lady Gaga: The Fame review". Slant Magazine. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- Kraines, Talia (January 9, 2009). "Lady GaGa The Fame Review". BBC. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- Koski, Genevieve (November 10, 2008). "Lady Gaga: The Fame". The A.V. Club. The Onion Inc. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Sawdey, Evan (January 19, 2009). "Lady GaGa: The Fame". PopMatters. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Hogwood, Ben (January 12, 2009). "Lady Gaga – The Fame". musicOMH. Archived from the original on January 22, 2009. Retrieved April 21, 2009.
- Rodman, Sarah (October 27, 2008). "Lady Gaga The Fame". The Boston Globe (John W. Henry). Retrieved April 21, 2009.
- Elan, Priya (January 10, 2009). "The Big CD: Lady GaGa – The Fame". The Times (News UK). Retrieved April 21, 2009.
- Williams, Chris (May 30, 2009). "LoveGame Single review". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media). Retrieved May 24, 2009.
- Stern, Bradley (August 19, 2013). "Lady Gaga's 'The Fame' Turns 5: Stan & Deliver". Idolator. Buzz Media. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Caulfield, Keith (March 12, 2009). "Miley Cyrus' 'Climb' Debuts High on Hot 100". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media). Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Ben-Yehuda, Ayala; Pietroluongo, Silvio (June 4, 2009). "Lady GaGa Takes Two Top 10 Spots on Billboard's Hot 100". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media). Retrieved June 5, 2009.
- Ben-Yehuda, Ayala (June 18, 2009). "Black Eyed Peas Take Top Two Slots on Billboard Hot 100". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media). Retrieved June 18, 2009.
- Trust, Gary (June 19, 2009). "Lady Gaga Makes Mainstream Top 40 History". Billboard (Nielsen Business Media). Retrieved July 14, 2009.
- "American single certifications – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". Recording Industry Association of America. Retrieved September 28, 2011. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH
- Trust, Gary (March 30, 2014). "Ask Billboard: Lady Gaga's Biggest Hot 100 Hits". Billboard. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved March 30, 2014.
- "Billboard Canadian Hot 100: Sep 20, 2008". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. September 16, 2008. Retrieved March 20, 2009. (subscription required (. ))
- "Billboard Canadian Hot 100: Jan 10, 2009". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. January 10, 2009. Retrieved March 20, 2009. (subscription required (. ))
- "Billboard Canadian Hot 100: Apr 04, 2009". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. April 4, 2009. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga Album & Song Chart History" Canadian Hot 100 for Lady Gaga. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Canadian single certifications – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". Music Canada. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- "Australian-charts.com – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2009 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- "Charts.org.nz – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Latest Gold / Platinum Singles". Radioscope. 17 July 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-07-24. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- "Chart Track: Week 10, 2009". Irish Singles Chart. March 5, 2009. Retrieved March 14, 2009.
- "Chart Track: Week 39, 2009". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga: LoveGame" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga: Artist Chart History" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "British single certifications – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved September 28, 2011. Enter LoveGame in the field Keywords. Select Title in the field Search by. Select single in the field By Format. Select Silver in the field By Award. Click Search
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Lady Gaga search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lescharts.com – Lady Gaga – LoveGame" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Ultratop.be – Lady Gaga – LoveGame" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Ultratop.be – Lady Gaga – LoveGame" (in French). Ultratop 50. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady GaGa Album & Song Chart History – European Hot 100". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- Montgomery, James (March 13, 2009). "Lady Gaga's pop revolution continues with 'LoveGame'". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved March 29, 2009.
- Knight, David (March 23, 2009). "Lady Gaga's Love Games by Joseph Kahn". Promo News. Archived from the original on March 29, 2012. Retrieved November 18, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga: LoveGame UK video premiere". United Kingdom: KISS-FM. Retrieved August 13, 2009.
- Pastorek, Whitney (February 3, 2009). "On the Scene:Lady GaGa's 'LoveGame' video". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc.). Retrieved October 31, 2009.
- Adams, Cameron (April 7, 2009). "Lady GaGa Love Game video banned from Australian TV". The Australian Daily Telegraph (News Corp). p. 1. Retrieved April 7, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga romps with girl and boy in new music video". Thaindian News. February 19, 2009. Retrieved June 19, 2009.
- Swan, Melanie (June 7, 2009). "MTV Arabia bans Lady Gaga video". The National (Mubadala Development Company). Retrieved June 8, 2009.
- "See LoveGame Online". VH1. Viacom. Retrieved June 19, 2009.
- "MTV Music: LoveGame at Isle of Malta". MTV Asia. Viacom. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- "LoveGame: The Album Chart show". LadyGaga.com. Interscope Records. February 14, 2009.
- "LoveGame: AOL Sessions". Interscope Records. March 20, 2009. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga | Love Game (MTV Session) video". MTV. Viacom. Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- Harrington, Jim (March 16, 2009). "Lady Gaga delivers crazy dance-pop show". San Jose Mercury News (MediaNews Group). Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Downing, Andy (March 26, 2009). "Lady Gaga delights". Chicago Tribune (Tony W. Hunter). Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Pastorek, Whitney (March 14, 2009). "Lady GaGa live in L.A.: EW photo blog!". Entertainment Weekly (Time Inc). Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Saxberg, Lynn (March 28, 2009). "Concert Review: Lady Gaga's Fame Ball". Ottawa Citizen (Canwest). Archived from the original on July 13, 2011. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Rosen, Craig (March 15, 2009). "Lady GaGa wows with big beats, bluesy surprises". Reuters. Retrieved April 30, 2009.
- Muther, Christopher (April 2, 2009). "Lady GaGa shines in song and spectacle". The Boston Globe (John W. Henry). Retrieved May 4, 2009.
- Knox, David (May 8, 2009). "Rove: May 10 / 17". Rove. TVTonight.com.au. Retrieved May 9, 2009.
- "From GaGa to LaLa? The First Lady of wacky fashion steps out in a hot-pink sequinned jumpsuit". Daily Mail. May 14, 2009. Retrieved May 19, 2009.
- Patch, Nick (June 22, 2009). "Fans agog over Lady Gaga at MMVAs; Nickelback Takes the Most Hardwares". The Canadian Press. Yahoo!. Retrieved June 22, 2009.
- Stevenson, Jane (June 15, 2014). "5 jaw-dropping moments from MMVA history with their 2014 equivalent". Toronto Sun (Sun Media Corporation). Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- "Lady Gaga on Ellen this Tuesday!". Interscope Records. September 4, 2009. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
- Aswad, Jem (October 5, 2009). "Lady Gaga, Madonna Catfight, Almost Kiss On 'Saturday Night Live'". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved October 6, 2009.
- Stevenson, Jane (November 29, 2009). "Lady Gaga puts on a Monster show". Toronto Sun (Sun Media Corporation). Retrieved November 30, 2009.
- Dunlevy, T'Cha (November 28, 2009). "Concert review: Lady Gaga romances Bell Centre crowd, Nov. 27". The Gazette (Canwest). Retrieved November 28, 2009.
- Carter, Lauren (December 2, 2009). "Lady Gaga bares her 'Teeth,' 'Poker Face'". Boston Herald (Patrick J. Purcell). Retrieved December 2, 2009.
- Kaufman, Gil (January 21, 2010). "Lady Gaga Showered With Hometown Love at New York Show". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved February 15, 2010.
- Shea, Matt (June 14, 2012). "Lady Gaga, Brisbane 2012 – Live review". TheVine. Digital Media. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Guerra, Joey (January 31, 2013). "Review: Gaga taking herself too seriously". Houston Chronicle (Jack Sweeney). Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- "LoveGame CD single". JB Hi-Fi. Archived from the original on August 25, 2009. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
- "LoveGame [7" VINYL]: Amazon.co.uk: Music". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "LoveGame (Chew Fu Ghettohouse Fix)". United States: iTunes Store. Retrieved January 22, 2014.
- "LoveGame UK iTunes Remix EP". United Kingdom: iTunes Store. Retrieved September 23, 2009.
- "LoveGame (The Remixes) – EP By Lady Gaga". United States: iTunes Store. Retrieved April 6, 2009.
- "LoveGame: The Remixes (Bonus Track Version)". France: iTunes Store. Retrieved July 6, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga LoveGame: The Remixes" (in Dutch). Amazon.de. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
- "LoveGame: UK CD Single". Amazon.co.uk. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
- "Austriancharts.at – Lady Gaga – LoveGame" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 200928 into search. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Officialcharts.de – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". GfK Entertainment. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Archívum – Slágerlisták – MAHASZ" (in Hungarian). Single (track) Top 10 lista. Magyar Hanglemezkiadók Szövetsége. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Week 22, 2009: Airplay chart" (in Hebrew). Media Forest. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Archive Chart: 2009-10-10". Scottish Singles Top 40. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "SNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 200930 into search. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Swedishcharts.com – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". Singles Top 60. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Swisscharts.com – Lady Gaga – LoveGame". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot 100 for Lady Gaga. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Adult Pop Songs for Lady Gaga. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot Dance Club Songs for Lady Gaga. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs for Lady Gaga. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "Lady Gaga Album & Song Chart History" Billboard Pop Songs for Lady Gaga. Retrieved October 10, 2009.
- "ARIA Charts – End of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2009". Australian Recording Industry Association. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- "Austrian Charts – End of Year Charts – Top 100 Singles 2009". Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved January 9, 2010.
- "Jaaroverzichten 2009 (Flanders)" (in Dutch). Ultratop. 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- "Rapports Annuels 2009 (Wallonia)" (in French). Ultratop. 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- "Charts Year End: Canadian Hot 100". Billboard. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "European Hot 100 Singles". Billboard. Retrieved January 25, 2010.
- "Best selling digital singles in 2009 in France". Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique. p. 30. Retrieved January 27, 2010.
- "Jaarlijsten 2009". MegaCharts. 2009. Retrieved July 28, 2010.
- "Årslista Singlar – År 2009". Swedish Recording Industry Association. Retrieved October 9, 2010.
- "2009 Year End Swiss Singles Chart". Swiss Music Charts. 2009. Retrieved July 16, 2010.
- "UK Year End Chart 2009" (PDF). Charts Plus. January 30, 2010. Retrieved February 6, 2010.
- "2009 Charts Year End: The Billboard Hot 100". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "2009 Charts Year End: Hot Dance Club Play". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "2009 Charts Year End: Hot Pop Songs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. December 31, 2009. Retrieved January 12, 2010.
- "LoveGame (The Remixes) – Single by Lady GaGa – Download LoveGame (The Remixes) – Single on iTunes". iTunes. May 12, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2009.
- "Love game : The Remixes – Lady Gaga en CD single" (in French). Amazon.fr. June 17, 2009. Retrieved December 29, 2009.