LoveGame

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"LoveGame"
Head shot of a blond woman from the left. She places her left hand on her forehead and tilts it backwards. Her lips are slightly parted as if in a moan. The arm is painted in blue and violet colors and glitters are pasted on it. Similar glitters are placed on the woman's left cheek also.
Single by Lady Gaga
from the album The Fame
Released March 23, 2009
Format
Recorded
Genre
Length 3:33
Label
Writer(s)
Producer(s) RedOne
Lady Gaga singles chronology
"Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)"
(2009)
"LoveGame"
(2009)
"Chillin"
(2009)

"LoveGame" is a song by American singer Lady Gaga from her debut album, The Fame (2008). Produced by RedOne, the track was released as the album's third single in North America and Europe and the fourth single in Australia, New Zealand, and Sweden after "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)". "LoveGame" was also released as the fourth single in the United Kingdom, after "Paparazzi".

Critics appreciated the song's rhythm and the "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick" hook. Gaga had explained that the term "disco stick" is a euphemism for a penis and was inspired by her sexual attraction with a stranger at a night club. Musically carrying the vibe of underground New York discos, "LoveGame" talks about love, fame, and sexuality which was the central theme of the album. The song received a number of remixes, one of them featuring rocker Marilyn Manson. "LoveGame" was a commercial success, charting within the top ten in the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Canada, France, Germany, and other European countries. It became Gaga's third consecutive number-one song on the Billboard Pop Songs chart and achieved double platinum certification from the Recording Industry Association of America.

The New York underground inspired music video for the song was directed by Joseph Kahn, and portrayed Gaga dancing at an underground subway station and in a parking lot. The music video was a tribute from the singer to the New York lifestyle including its glamour, fans and fashion. The video has several influences of Michael Jackson's "Bad" music video, which also took place in a subway station. The music video was banned from broadcast at the PG rated time slots in Australian television channels because of its sexual content. "LoveGame" has been performed live a number of times by Gaga, including The Fame Ball and The Monster Ball tours, where she performed it while holding her characteristic disco stick in one hand.

Background and release[edit]

Towards the end of 2007, Lady Gaga's management company introduced her to songwriter and producer RedOne, whom they also managed.[2] By 2008, Gaga relocated to Los Angeles in order to work extensively with her record label to complete her debut album, The Fame, and set up her own creative team called the Haus of Gaga. "LoveGame" was one of the songs written by Gaga and RedOne who also produced the track.[3] With Rolling Stone, Gaga explained that she was at a nightclub and had a "sexual crush" on somebody. She went up to the person and uttered the line, "I wanna ride on your disco stick". Thinking it to be a thoughtful metaphor for penis, Gaga went to the recording studio the next day and wrote the song in roughly four minutes. Gaga also had ideas for the live performance of the song where she used "an actual stick—it looks like a giant rock-candy pleasuring tool—that lights up".[4]

While commenting in regards to the lyrical content of the song on Australian talk show, Rove, Gaga said that she was unrepentant about her "disco stick" metaphor, though it led to a banning of the music video on Network Ten in Australia. She added that the metaphor was not meant to be subtle and was clear what the lyrics constituted off. "If anything, I happen to think people are frivolously hard on me", Gaga generalized. She went on to relegate "lot of youth-oriented pop music" as much racier than hers with their sexually provocative lyrics, but Gaga felt that the whole context of her visuals along side the music was what made people react. "It's the music in relation to the visual, in relation to the way I move and the way I articulate the lyrics. But if I wanted to make music to make people sing 'la di da' that would be very boring," she concluded.[5]

"LoveGame" was released as the album's third single in North America and Europe and the fourth single in Australia, New Zealand, and Sweden after "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)".[6][7] In the US it was sent to Contemporary hit radio (CHR) formats for airplay from May 12, 2009.[8] The track initially had been planned as the third single release in the United Kingdom, but deeming its lyrics and music video potentially controversial, it was decided that "Paparazzi" would be released instead.[3] "LoveGame" has received a number of remix treatments, one of which featured rocker Marilyn Manson in the vocals.[9] Rolling Stone reported that the remix was conceived during Gaga's photoshoot with the magazine in May 2009, when Manson arrived at the set. The rocker was impressed by the shoot and wanted to collaborate with Gaga, saying that "she's a great musician, she's a great singer, and she's laughing when she's doing it, the same way that I am". In return, Gaga also lent vocals for a remix of a song from Manson's seventh studio album, The High End of Low.[10]

Recording and composition[edit]

A 23-second sample of Gaga's "LoveGame" where the chorus is played backed by the line "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick."

Problems playing this file? See media help.

"LoveGame" was recorded at Record Plant Studios, Hollywood and Chalice Recording Studios, Los Angeles, California. Along with the production work of the track, RedOne also contributed to its background vocals, instrumentation, programming, audio engineering and recording. Other personnel involved in creating the final version of the song included Robert Orton who did the audio mixing, and Gene Grimaldi who mastered the song at Oasis Mastering, Burbank, California.[11]

Musically, "LoveGame" is an uptempo dance-pop and contemporary R&B song.[12] According to Kerri Mason of Billboard, the composition has a vibe of the New York downtown musical scene, but has a more mainstream appeal to it, making it perfect for radio, "without losing its smut and sass".[13] The song does not have a massive sound like previous single "Poker Face", nor has a big melody like subsequent single, "Paparazzi". Instead the composition of the song is electro-R&B, consisting of big beats and a number of hooks, with Gaga repeating the word "huh!" from time to time.[14]

Gaga explained that the lyrics of "LoveGame" were clear about what the song is all about. She thought that the lyrics portrayed a powerful message about love, fame, and sexuality which was the central theme of The Fame.[5] According to the sheet music published at Musicnotes.com by Sony/ATV Music Publishing, "LoveGame" is set in the time signature of common time and is composed in the key of B minor with a moderate tempo of 104 beats per minute. Gaga's vocal range spans from B3 to G5. It follows in the chord progression of Am–Dm–C–Am–Dm–C in the first two verse and chorus while progressing as Am–Dm–Am–Dm in the intermediate verse before the final chorus.[15]

Critical reception[edit]

Gaga performing "LoveGame" on the revamped Monster Ball Tour shows, wearing a nun's habit.

The song received mostly positive reviews from critics. The Phoenix music editor Daniel Brockman said that "Gaga ups the ante in terms of catchy song writing and sheer high-in-the-club-banging-to-the-beat abandon." He also commented on the lyrics saying that "'Let's have some fun, this beat is sick / I wanna take a ride on your disco stick' might be the trashiest-yet-awesomest refrain I've heard on a major-label record this year."[16] Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine criticized the song for "cheap" lyrics and "painfully enunciat[ing] without any resemblance of actual sex appeal".[17] While reviewing The Fame, BBC said that the song sounded robotic in the line "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick", though deemed it a brilliant track which "leaves us awarding Gaga the yearbook title of 'pop star most likely to kill'."[18]

Nick Levine from Digital Spy believed that lines like "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick" was a direct reason of Gaga's commercial success. Although he felt that the song was "attention-seeking", he knew that it would provoke reaction from the masses, be it good or bad.[14] Genevieve Koski from The A.V. Club called the song as a "propulsive club anthem" and complimented its synths and drum programming. She described it aurally as "a dizzying sonic trip that approximates the high point of a chemically enhanced night of club-hopping."[19] Evan Sawdey from PopMatters complimented RedOne's production of the song, listing it as one of the best tracks on The Fame.[20]

Ben Hogwood from musicOMH declared the song as "top notch, diamond-encrusted pop" along with other tracks like "Starstruck" and "Paparazzi". He found the lyrics to be sometimes odd, especially the statement, "I'm on a mission, and it involves some heavy touchin'."[21] Sarah Rodman of The Boston Globe said that the song "has a gutter level quippage with sinuous moves".[22] Priya Elan from The Times was not impressed with the song and called it calculated.[23] Billboard music editor Chris Williams gave the song a positive review, commenting that "It has all the winning ingredients of its predecessors: a radio-friendly, club/electropop feel; a provocative, yet silly enough catchphrase and hook; and a dash of '80s synth magic, so the adults can play along. On 'LoveGame' Gaga is in it to win it."[24]

While reviewing The Fame on its fifth year anniversary, Bradley Stern from Idolator noted that "LoveGame" could "easily be erased from Gaga's back catalog with little consequence" since he felt it to be nothing more than an "electro-dance" track. But Stern believed that "LoveGame" was an important component of Gaga's career trajectory, since it was the last testament of her image as "that of the disco-stick wielding pop star from out of space"—the image was later deconstructed as the doomed starlet in the music video of "Paparazzi". He concluded by saying that the song "is a wonderful moment of pop frivolity which served to keep the upstart Lady Gaga machine chugging along at the beginning of her career."[25]

Chart performance[edit]

The performance of "LoveGame" on the Born This Way Ball tour had Gaga wearing a Statue of Liberty inspired headdress

Following its release, "LoveGame" debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 at number 96 for the week ending April 4, 2009, but fell off the chart the following week.[26] After six weeks it reached number six on the Hot 100 by selling 107,000 digital downloads and becoming the week's greatest digital gainer.[27] Two weeks later, "LoveGame" peaked at number five on the chart.[28] It reached number-one on the Hot Dance Club Songs, and also became Gaga's third number-one on the Mainstream Top 40 chart.[29] The Recording Industry Association of America (RIAA) certified "LoveGame" double platinum for shipment of two million copies across United States.[30] It has sold 2,584,000 paid digital downloads in the United States as of March 2014, according to Nielsen Soundscan.[31]

In Canada, the song debuted on the Canadian Hot 100 at number 68 before its official release as a single.[32] Its second appearance was on the chart of January 10, 2009, at number 87.[33] After a few weeks, "LoveGame" entered the top ten of the Canadian Hot 100 and climbed to number five.[34] After fluctuating down the chart for a few weeks "LoveGame" reached a new peak of two on the chart.[35] The song was certified double platinum by the Canadian Recording Industry Association (CRIA) in June 2009, for sales of 160,000 paid digital downloads.[36]

In Australia, the song debuted at number 92 on the ARIA Charts, and then moved up the charts to number 41 the next week. On the issue dated May 11, 2009, the song peaked at number four, becoming Gaga's third top five single there.[37] "LoveGame" was certified platinum by the Australian Recording Industry Association (ARIA) for shipment of 70,000 copies of the single.[38] In New Zealand, the song debuted at number thirty-six and moved up to a peak of number 12.[39] The Recording Industry Association of New Zealand (RIANZ) certified it gold for shipment of 7,500 copies of the single.[40] On the issue dated March 6, 2009, the song entered the Irish Singles Chart at number 49 and peaked at number 30, after eight weeks on the chart.[41][42] It also debuted at number 19 in Finland and has since moved to a peak of number 12.[43]

In early 2009, the song charted on the UK Singles Chart and peaked at number 89 based on downloads only. It re-entered the chart at number 64 after the release of the single was announced, and peaked at 19, becoming her lowest-charting single in the UK at that time.[44] The British Phonographic Industry (BPI) certified it silver, for sales of 200,000 copies.[45] In the Netherlands the song debuted at number 28 and has peaked at number five.[46] The song debuted at number six in France and moved to its peak of number five the next week.[47] It debuted at numbers 19 and 38 on the Belgian Ultratop Flanders and Wallonia charts respectively. In Flanders it has reached a peak of six, while in Wallonia it moved to a peak of five.[48][49] "LoveGame" also reached a peak of number seven on the Billboard European Hot 100 Singles chart.[50]

Music video[edit]

Background and development[edit]

"'LoveGame' is a genuine New York lifestyle video. It's got that feeling of 'gay, black New York,' of inclusion and glamour," [...] I wanted to really bring forth the girl that I was four years ago, and I wanted to put it in the setting of the underground subway. I worked with Joseph Kahn, and he did an amazing job. He didn't just capture the fashion; he captured the artist."

—Gaga talking about the inspiration behind the video[51]

The music video of "LoveGame" was directed by Joseph Kahn and premiered on March 23, 2009, in Australia, and on August 13, 2009, at UK on 4Music channel.[52][53] The video mainly takes place in a subway station, hence several scenes are reminiscent to Michael Jackson's "Bad" music video, which was also shot in a similar location. Although the production and shooting of "LoveGame" took place in January 2009 alongside with the music video for "Eh, Eh (Nothing Else I Can Say)", it nevertheless has a New York City setting.[54]

Gaga spoke to Whitney Pastorek of Entertainment Weekly during a "Behind the Scenes" episode of the shoot, about her inspirations for the video. She wanted to have a "giant" dance video with "LoveGame", describing it as "plastic, beautiful, gorgeous, sweaty, tar on the floor". There would be scary and dangerous looking men also in the video. Gaga had the idea of portraying herself and her co-actors as New York inhabitants taking on the role of designers, performance artists, dancers etc. She enlisted people from downtown New York as dancers, who normally would not get cast in a video.[54]

One of the props developed for the video was a pair of sunglasses made of wire. According to Gaga, she imagined "a downtown, bad-ass kid walking down the street with his buddies, grabbing a pair of pliers, and making a pair of sunglasses out of a fence on the street". She wore them on the opening shot of the music video along with a chain link hood garment, saying that "they look so hard. It looks like I plied them right out of the fence and put them on my face".[54]

Synopsis and reception[edit]

A blond woman in a mauve leotard holds out a stick with a light atop it in her left hand. She is surrounded by men in black jackets and caps who seem to be looking at the stick.
Gaga intimidating a circle of men with her disco stick while wearing chain-linked glasses in the music video for "LoveGame"

The video starts with the heading "Streamline presents" and three men moving through Times Square. They open a man-hole cover on which "Haus of Gaga" is written. Gaga is then shown naked with blue and purple paint and glitter on her body, frolicking with two men who have the words "Love" and "Fame" shaved into their heads. The scene shifts to a subway where Gaga starts singing in a grey-white leotard with a hood. She carries her characteristic disco stick and wears chain-linked glasses. The chorus starts with Gaga and her dancers progressing through the subway and dancing down a staircase. Two harlequin Great Danes, are also shown on top of the staircase.[51]

The video shifts to a train where the second verse takes place with choreographed dance routines and Gaga wearing a black jacket.[54] During the intermediate music, Gaga is shown entering a ticket booth with an inspector while kissing and caressing.[55] As the camera pans from right to left the inspector changes from a man to woman in each frame.[56] The final scene shows Gaga doing a choreographed dance routine with her crew of backup dancers. The video comes to an end as Gaga and her dancers hold their groins, gesturing towards the camera.

The music video was censored in many countries after its release in 2009. The video faced censorship troubles in Australia where it was rated AV18+ by Network Ten for the "suggestive video footage involving bondage and sexual acts". The channel demanded an edited version of the video which would not violate censorship rules.[55] Video Hits refused to air the video in its G and PG rated time slots. They cited "numerous sexual references both visually and lyrically" as the reason they could not create a child-friendly edit without bleeping the repeated hook "I wanna take a ride on your disco stick".[5] However, Australian programs like Rage and cable networks Channel V and MTV aired the video in its original form.[55]

The video also faced a ban from MTV Arabia citing the same reason as Australia. Since it was very rare to ban videos in MTV, head of MTV Arabia Samer al Marzouki commented, "We represent the young generation's mentality and culture so we can't play something that conflicts with that. If they can't watch something comfortably with their brother, sisters or friends then we will not play it."[57] In the United States, VH1 and MTV played an edited version that removed the scenes showing Gaga naked, and blurred the label on a bottle of alcohol held by a dancer, but they did not change the lyrics.[58]

Live performances[edit]

Gaga wearing a black dress with a triangular piece and holding her disco stick, performs "LoveGame" on the The Fame Ball Tour.

Gaga first performed "LoveGame" live in June 2008 on the Isle of Malta special of MTV Asia.[59] She later performed it on the UK program, The Album Chart Show, on February 4, 2009, while promoting The Fame.[60] On March 20, 2009, the song was performed live at the AOL Sessions along with Gaga's other singles such as "Just Dance", "Paparazzi", "Beautiful, Dirty, Rich", and an acoustic version of "Poker Face".[61] An acoustic version of "LoveGame" was performed at the MTV Sessions in January 2009.[62]

The song was a major part of Gaga's Fame Ball tour as the second number of the set list, and was performed alongside album track, "Starstruck". Gaga wore a silver and black short skirt looking like a tutu and shaped like a peplum. She had a triangular piece attached on the dress on her right breast, and completed her look with high heeled ultra spike shoes.[63][64] Gaga's hair was made an austere blond bob, and she accessorized with black sunglasses.[63][65] Her dancers surrounded the stage, holding plates encrusted with crystals, which completely hid them.[66] As the performance of the opening number "Paparazzi" ended, the plates opened up and Gaga started singing the song "Starstruck" while standing on the platform.[63][65][67] Pre-recorded music and mixing were provided in the background by DJ Space Cowboy. Gaga also brought out the disco stick for the performance of "LoveGame".[63] It ended with Gaga doing a dance routine for the last chorus and coming down to the front of the stage.[68]

On May 17, 2009, Gaga performed the song live on Australian talk show, Rove.[69] She also performed the song at the season finale of the eighth season season of Dancing with the Stars.[70] A remixed version of "Poker Face" and "LoveGame" was performed at the 2009 MuchMusic Video Awards (MMVA), during the indoor-outdoor street-side show. The performance, which included Gaga being trapped in a fake subway car surrounded by fake police officers, was billed as a tribute to New York City.[71] In 2014, Toronto Sun listed the performance as the fifth most "jaw-dropping" moment in the history of MMVAs, when Gaga introduced her characteristic "flaming bra" during the song.[72] On September 8, 2009, Gaga performed "LoveGame" at the season seven premiere of The Ellen DeGeneres Show.[73] A version featuring a full live band was performed at the thirty-fifth season of American comedy show Saturday Night Live, while wearing a big gyroscope-like contraption that rotated around Gaga.[74]

In late 2009, "LoveGame" was added to the set list of Gaga's The Monster Ball Tour. In the original version of the tour, the singer wore an off-white costume with skeletal lighted headgear and breastplates shaped like ribs. A digital background of flames and mechanical fog was featured, with her dancers also wearing skeletal headgear.[75][76][77] On the revamped shows of The Monster Ball during 2010–11, the intro of the song had a video showing Gaga puking green liquid on the white dress of her look-alike. "LoveGame" was introduced during the second act and featured a New York City subway car on stage from which Gaga and her dancers emerged. While wearing a revealing plastic dress and an exaggerated nun's habit, Gaga wielded the disco stick, which was modified to look like a torch. The performance incorporated the Chew Fu remix of the song which commenced at the end with Gaga asking the audience to dance along with her.[78]

The song was also included on the set list of the 2012 Born This Way Ball tour. The song was shortened and had Gaga performing it in a clear bath tub while wearing a Statue of Liberty styled head piece. Gaga ventured into the crowd during the song, through the extended pathways from the stage and after the performance she invited a fan onstage.[79] Joey Guerra from the Houston Chronicle believed that the appearance of "LoveGame" during the tour proved it to be a far superior track than the ones from Gaga's second studio album, Born This Way (2011).[80]

Track listing[edit]

Credits and personnel[edit]

Credits adapted from The Fame album liner notes.[11]

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Sales/shipments
Australia (ARIA)[38] Platinum 70,000^
Canada (Music Canada)[36] 2× Platinum 160,000^
New Zealand (RMNZ)[40] Gold 7,500*
United Kingdom (BPI)[45] Silver 200,000^
United States (RIAA)[30] 2× Platinum 2,584,000[31]

*sales figures based on certification alone
^shipments figures based on certification alone
xunspecified figures based on certification alone

Release history[edit]

Region Date Format
France[6] March 23, 2009 Digital download
Canada[7] March 24, 2009
United States[8][85][117] March 31, 2009
May 12, 2009 Contemporary hit radio
Digital download – The Remixes
June 9, 2009 CD single – The Remixes
Germany[87] June 26, 2009
France[118] May 11, 2009
United Kingdom[88] September 21, 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]