Amour (2012 film)

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Amour
Amour-poster-french.jpg
French release poster
Directed by Michael Haneke
Produced by Margaret Ménégoz
Stefan Arndt
Veit Heiduschka
Michael Katz
Written by Michael Haneke
Starring Jean-Louis Trintignant
Emmanuelle Riva
Isabelle Huppert
Cinematography Darius Khondji
Edited by Monika Willi
Nadine Muse
Production
company
Les Films du Losange
X-Filme Creative Pool
Wega Film
France 3 Cinéma
Canal+
Distributed by Les Films du Losange (France)
Artificial Eye (UK)
Sony Pictures Classics (US)
Release dates
  • 20 May 2012 (2012-05-20) (Cannes)
  • 20 September 2012 (2012-09-20) (Germany)
  • 24 October 2012 (2012-10-24) (France)
Running time 127 minutes[1][2]
Country France
Germany
Austria
Language French
Budget $8.9 million[3]
Box office $25,915,719[3]

Amour (pronounced: [a.muʁ]; French for "Love") is a 2012 French-language drama film written and directed by the Austrian filmmaker Michael Haneke, starring Jean-Louis Trintignant, Emmanuelle Riva and Isabelle Huppert. The narrative focuses on an elderly couple, Anne and Georges, who are retired music teachers with a daughter who lives abroad. Anne suffers a stroke which paralyses her on the right side of her body.[4] The film is a co-production between the French, German, and Austrian companies Les Films du Losange, X-Filme Creative Pool, and Wega Film.

The film was screened at the 2012 Cannes Film Festival,[5][6] where it won the Palme d'Or.[7] It won the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 85th Academy Awards,[8][9] and was nominated in four other categories: Best Picture, Best Actress in a Leading Role (Emmanuelle Riva), Best Original Screenplay (Michael Haneke) and Best Director (Michael Haneke).[10] At the age of 85, Emmanuelle Riva is the oldest nominee for Best Actress in a Leading Role.[11][12]

At the 25th European Film Awards, it was nominated in six categories,[13] winning in four, including Best Film and Best Director. At the 47th National Society of Film Critics Awards it won the awards for Best Film, Best Director and Best Actress.[14] At the 66th British Academy Film Awards it was nominated in four categories, winning for Best Leading Actress and Best Film Not in the English Language.[15] Emmanuelle Riva became the oldest person to win a BAFTA.[16][17] At the 38th César Awards it was nominated in ten categories,[18] winning in five, including Best Film, Best Director, Best Actor and Best Actress.[19][20]

Plot[edit]

A brigade of firemen break down the door of an apartment in Paris to find the corpse of Anne (Emmanuelle Riva) lying on a bed, adorned with cut flowers.

Several months earlier, Anne and her husband Georges (Jean-Louis Trintignant), both retired piano teachers in their eighties, attend a performance by one of Anne's former pupils. The next morning while they are eating breakfast, Anne silently suffers a stroke. She sits in a catatonic state, not responding to Georges. She comes around as Georges is about to get help, but doesn't remember anything that took place. Georges thinks she was playing a prank on him. Anne is unable to pour herself a drink.

Anne undergoes surgery on a blocked carotid artery, but the surgery goes wrong, leaving her paralyzed on her right side and confined to a wheelchair. She makes Georges promise not to send her back to the hospital or into a nursing home. Georges becomes Anne's dutiful, though slightly irritated, caretaker. One day, Anne tells Georges that she doesn't want to go on living.

The pupil whose performance they attended stops by and Anne gets dressed up and carries on a lively conversation during the visit, giving Georges hope that her condition was temporary. However, she soon suffers a second stroke that leaves her demented and incapable of coherent speech. Georges continues to look after Anne, despite the strain it puts on him.

Georges begins employing a nurse three days a week. Their daughter, Eva (Isabelle Huppert), wants her mother to go into care, but Georges says he will not break the promise he made to his wife. He employs a second nurse, but fires her after he discovers she is mistreating his wife.

One day, Georges sits next to Anne's bedside and tells her a story of his childhood, which calms her. As he reaches the story's conclusion, he picks up a pillow and smothers her.

Georges returns home with bundles of flowers in his hands, which he proceeds to wash and cut. He picks out a dress from Anne's wardrobe and writes a long letter. He tapes the bedroom door shut and catches a pigeon which has flown in from the window. In the letter, Georges explains that he has released the pigeon. Georges imagines that Anne is washing dishes in the kitchen and, speechless, he gazes at her as she cleans up and prepares to leave the house. Anne calls for Georges to bring a coat, and he complies, following her out the door.

The film concludes with a continuation of the opening scene, with Eva seated in the living room, after she has wandered around the now-empty home.

Cast[edit]

Production[edit]

The film was produced for €7,290,000 through France's Les Films du Losange, Germany's X-Filme Creative Pool and Austria's Wega Film.[4][21] It received co-production support from France 3 and €404,000 in support from the Île-de-France region.[4] Further funding was granted by the Medienboard Berlin-Brandenburg in Germany and National Center of Cinematography and the moving image in France.[22] Principal photography took place from 7 February to 1 April 2011.[22]

After 14 years, Jean-Louis Trintignant came back on screen for Haneke.[23] Haneke had sent Trintignant the script, which had been written specifically for him.[24] Trintignant said that he chooses which films he works in on the basis of the director, and said of Haneke that "he has the most complete mastery of the cinematic discipline, from technical aspects like sound and photography to the way he handles actors".[24]

The film is based on an identical situation that happened in Haneke's family.[25][26] The issue that interested him the most was: "How to manage the suffering of someone you love?"[26]

Haneke called the collaboration with Jean-Louis Trintignant and the subject of the film itself as a motivation to make the film. The starting point for Haneke's reflections was the suicide of his 90-year-old aunt, who had raised him. According to Haneke, she was suffering under heavy rheumatism and lived the last years alone in her apartment, because she did not want to be placed in a nursing home. She had even asked the director unsuccessfully for euthanasia. According to Haneke, the main theme of his script is not old age and death, but "the question of how to deal with the suffering of a loved one".[27]

Haneke dealt with the matter since 1992.[28] The work on the script was interrupted by a writer's block. Haneke normally writed out the script exactly before the writing process. This time the end of the story was not clear to him. He writing in the hope that this would occur to him at work, but this did not happen.[29] "I have tormented myself terribly with the script and I was left with the impression that I have not succeeded in getting the hang of this topic", he said. At the same time the director realized that the Swiss-Canadian Léa Pool with La dernière fugue (2010) had created a similar story, about an old man who is taken care of by his wife. Therefore he let the project in favor of another. He worked only sporadically on it, until his writer's block loosened and he could finish the script quickly. Haneke wrote it specifically for Trintignant, having already written the scripts for The Piano Teacher (2001) and Caché (2005) specifically for actors (Isabelle Huppert and Daniel Auteuil). Haneke prefers this way of working, because in this way one "writes specifically something that fits to the advantages of each actor and helps to particularly work them out".[30]

Release[edit]

Artificial Eye has acquired the distribution rights for the United Kingdom.[31]

Critical reception[edit]

The film has been met with acclaim from film critics. Review aggregation website Rotten Tomatoes gives the film a score of 94% based on 169 reviews, with an average rating of 8.7/10,[32] while Metacritic gives a weighted average rating of 94 based on reviews from 41 critics, indicating "universal acclaim."[33]

Writing for The Guardian after the Cannes screening, Peter Bradshaw said "this is film-making at the highest pitch of intelligence and insight", naming it the best film of 2012.[34] Jamie Graham of Total Film gave Amour 5 stars out of 5, stating "far from being a cold, scientific study from a filmmaker frequently accused of placing a pane of glass between his work and his viewers, this sensitive film emerges heartfelt and humane."[35] Dave Calhoun of Time Out London also gave the film 5 out of 5 stars, stating "Amour is devastatingly original and unflinching in the way it examines the effect of love on death, and vice versa".[36] Calling Amour the best film of 2012, critic A. O. Scott of The New York Times said that "months after its debut at Cannes this film already feels permanent."[37] Writing in The Times, critic Manohla Dargis hailed the film as "a masterpiece about life, death and everything in between."[38] The newspaper flagged the film as a critics' pick. The Wall Street Journal's film critic Joe Morgenstern wrote of Amour: "Mr. Haneke's film, exquisitely photographed by Darius Khondji, has won all sorts of prizes all over the world, and no wonder; the performances alone set it off as a welcoming masterpiece."[39]

Among the few negative reviews, Calum Marsh of the Slant Magazine gave the film 2 out of 4 stars and indicated that the film "isn't the work of a newly moral or humanistic filmmaker, but another ruse by the same unscrupulous showman whose funny games have been beguiling us for years", adding that "Haneke's gaze, trained from an unbridgeable remove, carries no inflection of empathy; his style is too frigid, his investment too remote, for the world of these characters to open up before us, for their pain to ever feel like something more than functional."[40]

Box office[edit]

The film earned a total of $6,739,492 in the United States.[41] In total, it grossed $25,915,719 worldwide [42] against its $8.9 million budget

Accolades[edit]

List of Accolades
Award / Film Festival Category Recipient(s) Result
85th Academy Awards[9][10] Best Picture Margaret Ménégoz, Stefan Arndt, Veit Heiduschka and Michael Katz Nominated
Best Actress in a Leading Role Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
Best Achievement in Directing Michael Haneke Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Won
2nd AACTA International Awards[43] Best International Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
7th Alliance of Women Film Journalists Award[44] Top 10 Films Amour Won
Best Non-English-Language Film Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Michael Haneke Nominated
Actress Defying Age and Ageism Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
34th Bavarian Film Awards[45] Best Director Michael Haneke Won
66th Bodil Awards[46] Best Non-American Film Amour Won
33rd Boston Society of Film Critics Award[47] Best Foreign Film Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
66th British Academy Film Awards[15][48] Best Leading Actress Won
Best Director Michael Haneke Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Nominated
Best Film Not in the English Language Amour Won
2012 British Film Institute[49] Top 10 Films Won
15th British Independent Film Awards[50][51] Best International Independent Film Nominated
65th Cannes Film Festival[7] Palme d'Or Michael Haneke Won
38th César Awards[18][52] Best Film Amour Won
Best Director Michael Haneke Won
Best Actor Jean-Louis Trintignant Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
Best Supporting Actress Isabelle Huppert Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Michael Haneke Won
Best Production Design Jean-Vincent Puzos Nominated
Best Cinematography Darius Khondji Nominated
Best Editing Monica Willi Nominated
Best Sound Guillaume Sciama, Nadine Muse, Jean-Pierre Laforce Nominated
23rd Chicago Film Critics Awards[53] Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
Best Foreign-Language Film Amour Won
18th Critics' Choice Awards[54] Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
19th Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Awards[55] Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
33rd Durban International Film Festival[56] Best Feature Film Award Michael Haneke Won
25th European Film Awards[57] European Film Amour Won
European Director Michael Haneke Won
European Actor Jean-Louis Trintignant Won
European Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
European Screenwriter Michael Haneke Nominated
Carlo di Palma European Cinematographer Award Darius Khondji Nominated
65th FIPRESCI Awards[58][59] Grand Prix Amour Won
2nd Georgia Film Critics Awards[60] Top 10 Films Amour Won
Best Foreign Film Won
Best Picture Nominated
Best Director Michael Haneke Nominated
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
Best Original Screenplay Michael Haneke Nominated
70th Golden Globe Awards[61][62] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
60th Golden Reel Awards[63] Best Sound Editing - Sound Effects, Foley, Dialogue and ADR in a Foreign Feature Film Nominated
48th Guldbagge Awards[64] Best Foreign Film Won
6th Houston Film Critics Awards[65] Best Foreign Language Film Nominated
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
28th Independent Spirit Awards[66] Best International Film Michael Haneke Won
10th Irish Film & Television Awards[67] Best International Film Amour Nominated
Best International Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
46th Kansas City Film Critics Awards[68] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
16th Las Vegas Film Critics Awards[69] Best Foreign Language Film Won
33rd London Film Critics Circle Awards[70][71] Film of the Year Won
Foreign Language Film of the Year Nominated
Actor of the Year Jean-Louis Trintignant Nominated
Actress of the Year Emmanuelle Riva Won
Supporting Actress of the Year Isabelle Huppert Nominated
Director of the Year Michael Haneke Nominated
Screenwriter of the Year Won
38th Los Angeles Film Critics Awards[72] Best Film Amour Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
84th National Board of Review[73] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
47th National Society of Film Critics Awards[74] Best Film Won
Best Director Michael Haneke Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
78th New York Film Critics Circle Awards[75][76][77] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
12th New York Film Critics Online Awards[77] Best Foreign Film Amour Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
7th Oklahoma Film Critics Awards[78] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
16th Online Film Critics Society Awards[79] Best Film Not in the English Language Nominated
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
13th Phoenix Film Critics Society Awards[80] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Nominated
15th Polish Academy Awards[81] Best European Film Won
69th Prix Louis Delluc[82] Best Film Amour Nominated
18th Prix Lumières[83] Best Film Amour Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
Actor of the Year Jean-Louis Trintignant Won
Best Director Michael Haneke Nominated
17th San Diego Film Critics Society Awards[84] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Nominated
14th San Francisco Film Critics Awards[85] Best Foreign Film Amour Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Won
17th Satellite Awards[86] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Nominated
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
19th Southeastern Film Critics Awards[87] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Nominated
2012 The Globe and Mail Review[88] Best Film Amour Won
2012 The Village Voice Poll[89] Best Film Amour Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
Best Actor Jean-Louis Trintignant Nominated
16th Toronto Film Critics Association Awards[90] Best Foreign Language Film Amour Won
Best Picture Nominated
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated
12th Utah Film Critics Awards[91] Best Non-English Language Feature Amour Nominated
13th Vancouver Film Critics Circle[92] Nominated
11th WDCAFCA Awards[93] Best Foreign Language Film Won
Best Actress Emmanuelle Riva Nominated

Best of 2012[edit]

Both Sight & Sound film magazine and Peter Bradshaw of The Guardian named Amour the third best film of 2012.[94][95]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ "AMOUR - LOVE (12A)". British Board of Film Classification. 2012-09-14. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
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  8. ^ "Oscars 2013: Full list of winners". BBC News. 25 February 2013. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
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  15. ^ a b "Bafta awards 2013: Full list of nominees". BBC News. Retrieved 8 January 2013. 
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  30. ^ [»Ich habe keine Phantasie!«, artechock.de, 31 May 2012]
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External links[edit]