Low politics is a concept that covers all matters that are not absolutely vital to the survival of the state as the economics and the social affairs. The low politics are the domain of the state's welfare. This concept is the opposite of the high politics which concerns the state's survival and strict national security. Keohane and Nye describe that previously, the international relations were based on a simple interdependence scheme based on national security : high politics, and that nowadays the international relations are ruled by a complex interdependence based on domestic issues : low politics.
The classical realism theory of international relations does only consider the high politics as relevant and completely rejects the low politics. The complex interdependence of the liberal theory considers the low politics as fundamental without rejecting the high politics.
- Jackson, Robert H. and Georg Sørensen. 2007. Introduction to International Relations: Theories and approaches. 3rd ed. Oxford ; New York: Oxford University Press, p. 106
- Keohane and Joseph S. Nye, Power and. Interdependence: World Politics in Transition (Boston: Little, Brown, 1977)