Unterelsaß

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Lower Alsace)
Jump to: navigation, search
Map of the district Lower Alsace

Unterelsaß (also spelled Unterelsass, French: Basse-Alsace, meaning Lower Alsace) was the name for the central district (Bezirk) of the imperial territory of Elsaß-Lothringen (Alsace-Lorraine) in the German Empire from 1871 to 1918.

Administrative and political organization[edit]

According to the census 1886[1] the district of Lower Alsace comprised:

  • 8 subdistricts ("Kreise")
  • 31 cantons
  • 560 municipalities
  • area 4.774 square kilometres (1.843 sq mi)
  • 612.078 inhabitants (Males 299.456 Females 312.622)
  • Catholics 381.748 Protestants 209.199 Jews 19.848 Other faiths 1.220

Capital and subdistricts[edit]

The capital of the district was Straßburg. There were the 8 subdistricts ("Kreise") of

  1. Erstein
  2. Hagenau (Haguenau)
  3. Molsheim
  4. Schlettstadt (Sélestat)
  5. Straßburg, Land (county of Straßburg) (Strasbourg)
  6. Weißenburg (Wissembourg)
  7. Zabern (Saverne)
  8. Stadtkreis Straßburg

The official flag[edit]

Flag of the province of Unterelsaß

The flag is a white bar in a red field decorated on each side with a white lace motif. The union of this flag with that of Oberelsaß forms the flag of modern Alsace.

Annexed municipalities from the neighbor department[edit]

The district of Unterelsaß corresponds exactly to the current département of Bas-Rhin, but not to the Alsatian territory before 1870. Under the terms of a particular agreement[2] that was signed in Berlin July 21, 1871, and in Paris July 31, 1871, 18 municipalities of the Vosges department were integrated into the new imperial district of Lower Alsace, subdistrict of Molsheim, canton of Schirmeck.

  1. Barembach
  2. Bourg-Bruche
  3. La Broque
  4. Colroy-la-Roche
  5. Grandfontaine
  6. Natzvillers
  7. Neuvillers-la-Roche
  8. Plaine
  9. Ranrupt
  10. Rothau
  11. Russ
  12. Saales
  13. Saint-Blaise-la-Roche
  14. Saulxures
  15. Schirmeck
  16. Waldersbach
  17. Wildersbach
  18. Wisches

In earlier times Rothau, Wildersbach, Waldersbach, Neuvillers belonged to the principality of Ban de la Roche before they joined the département of the Vosges in 1790. The other ones were located in the former Duchy of Lorraine.

The inhabitants of these municipalities didn't and still don't speak any German dialect (Lower Alemannic) such as their neighbors. The linguistic boundary runs between Wisches and Lutzelhouse. The people of the annexed towns speaks a Romance language from the Langues d'oïl, Lorraine family, such as some municipalities in the district of Upper Alsace. This cultural particularity stresses the fact that the annexation of French territories by the German Empire not always referred to the pan-nationalist political idea (Pan-Germanism trying to unite all German-speaking people. When Alsace was recovered by France in 1919 it was decided not to return the 18 annexed municipalities to their former Department(Vosges). Thus in terms of departmental boundaries, the mountain region remains administratively separated from the western portion of the Vosges mountains. Nowadays the inhabitants of the Bruche valley basically identify themselves with Lower Alsatians regardless of their cultural identity.

First German federal elections 1874[edit]

The subjects of the Reichsland Alsace-Lorraine could exercise their right to vote for the deputies[3] at the Reichtstag in Berlin February 1, 1874. Among ten deputies for Alsace, six were catholic clerics and the most of the deputies belonged to the French protest party.[4]

My Lord Bishop Raeß

The name of the deputies for Lower Alsace were as follows:

  • Hartmann, Ludwig, factory owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 10 (Hagenau, Weißenburg), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Lauth, Ernest, mayor of Strasbourg, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 8 (Straßburg), Französische Protestpartei
  • Philippi, Joseph, priest, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 7 (Molsheim, Erstein), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Räß, Andreas, bishop of Strasbourg, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 6 (Schlettstadt), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Schauenburg, Alexis von, landowner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 9 (Straßburg-Land), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Teutsch, Eduard, landowner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11 (Zabern), Französische Protestpartei

Third German federal election, 1877[edit]

January 10, 1877, the Alsatians of the District Lower Alsace elected the following deputies:

  • Gustav Adolf Bergmann, Straßburg-Stadt Els.-Lothringer
  • Louis Heckmann-Stintzy, Schlettstadt Els.-Lothringer
  • Xaver Joseph Nessel, Hagenau, Weißenburg Els.-Lothringer
  • Jean North, Straßburg-Land Els.-Lothringer
  • Achille Rack Molsheim, Erstein Els.-Lothringer
  • Carl August Schneegans, Zabern Els.-Lothringer

Fourth German federal election, July 30, 1878[edit]

The Lower Alsatian deputies for the next legislative period 1878-1881 are as follows:

  • Goldenberg, Alfred, factory owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11 (Zabern), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Heckmann-Stintzy, Louis, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 6 (Schlettstadt), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Kable, Jacques, director of an insurance company, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 8 (Straßburg), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Rack, Achille, Mayor of Benfeld, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 7 (Molsheim, Erstein), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Schmitt-Batiston, Alfred, land owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 10 (Hagenau, Weißenburg), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Schneegans, Carl August, Director of Elsässer Journal, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11 (Zabern), Elsaß-Lothringer

Fifth German federal elections 1881[edit]

The elections for the fifth legislative period (1881-1884) of the Imperial Diet took place October 27, 1881. These are the results of the elections for Lower Alsace:

Alsatian Deputy
  • Dietrich, Eugéne de, ironmaster, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 10 (Hagenau, Weißenburg), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Goldenberg, Alfred, factory-owner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 11 (Zabern), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Kablé, Jacques, director of an insurance company, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 8 (Straßburg-Stadt), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Lang, Irénée, manufacturer, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 6 (Schlettstadt), Zentrum
  • Quirin, Michael, landowner, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 9 (Straßburg-Land), Elsaß-Lothringer
  • Zorn von Bulach, Hugo, WK Elsaß-Lothringen 7 (Molsheim, Erstein), Elsaß-Lothringer

See also[edit]

Bas-Rhin Alsace-Lorraine

References[edit]

  1. ^ Léon Louis et Paul Chevreux, “Département des Vosges », tome II, Res Universis, Paris 1991, ISBN 2-87760-644-9, limited edition, number 000384, pages 414
  2. ^ Léon Louis et Paul Chevreux, “Département des Vosges », tome II, Res Universis, Paris 1991, ISBN 2-87760-644-9, limited edition, number 000384, pages 414-417
  3. ^ See database http://www.reichstag-abgeordnetendatenbank.de/
  4. ^ Fernand L'Huillier, Histoire de l'Alsace, Collection Que sais-je?, P.U.F. Paris 1965, Pages 94-95

External links[edit]

  • [1] For all deputies of the Imperial Diet see database
  • [2] Les députés "protestataires" d'Alsace-Lorraine] (French)
  • Digitalisat [3]

Sources[edit]

For the federal elections[edit]

  • Georg Hirth (Hrsg.): Deutscher Parlamentsalmanach 13. Ausgabe, September 1878. Leipzig, 1878 (Digitalisat)
  • Stenographische Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Deutschen Reichstags. 4. Legislatur-Periode, I. Session 1878. 1. Band, Berlin 1878, S. VII–XXVII (Digitalisat)
  • Stenographische Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Deutschen Reichstags. 4. Legislatur-Periode, II. Session 1879. 1. Band, Berlin 1879, S. IX–XXIX (Digitalisat)
  • Stenographische Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Deutschen Reichstags. 4. Legislatur-Periode, III. Session 1880. 1. Band, Berlin 1880, S. XXIX–XLIX (Digitalisat)
  • Stenographische Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Deutschen Reichstags. 4. Legislatur-Periode, IV. Session 1881. 1. Band, Berlin 1881, S. XXXIII–LIII (Digitalisat)
  • Georg Hirth (Hrsg.): Deutscher Parlamentsalmanach 14. Ausgabe, November 1881. Leipzig 1881, daten.digitale-sammlungen.de
  • Stenographische Berichte über die Verhandlungen des Deutschen Reichstags. 5. Legislatur-Periode, I. Session 1881. 1. Band. Berlin 1881, reichstagsprotokolle.de
  • Wilhelm Heinz Schröder: Sozialdemokratische Reichstagsabgeordnete und Reichstagskandidaten 1898–1918. Biographisch-statistisches Handbuch. (= Handbücher zur Geschichte des Parlamentarismus und der politischen Parteien, Band 2). Droste, Düsseldorf 1986, ISBN 3-7700-5135-1
  • Bernd Haunfelder: Reichstagsabgeordnete der Deutschen Zentrumspartei 1871–1933. Biographisches Handbuch und historische Photographien. (= Photodokumente zur Geschichte des Parlamentarismus und der politischen Parteien, Band 4). Droste, Düsseldorf 1999, ISBN 3-7700-5223-4
  • Bernd Haunfelder: Die liberalen Abgeordneten des deutschen Reichstags 1871–1918. Ein biographisches Handbuch. Aschendorff, Münster 2004, ISBN 3-402-06614-9
  • Bernd Haunfelder: Die konservativen Abgeordneten des deutschen Reichstags von 1871 bis 1918. Ein biographisches Handbuch. Aschendorff, Münster 2009, ISBN 978-3-402-12829-9

Coordinates: 48°40′N 7°35′E / 48.667°N 7.583°E / 48.667; 7.583