Lower Aulaqi Sultanate
|Lower Aulaqi Sultanate
سلطنة العوالق السفلى
|State of the Federation of South Arabia|
|Historical era||20th century|
Lower Aulaqi (Arabic: العوالق السفلى ʿAwlaqī al-Suflī), or the Lower Aulaqi Sultanate (Arabic: سلطنة العوالق السفلى Salṭanat al-ʿAwālaq al-Suflā), was a state in the Aden Protectorate, the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South, and its successor, the Federation of South Arabia. Its capital was Ahwar.
The Lower Aulaqi sultans separated from the Upper Aulaqi Sultanate in the 18th century (Upper Aulaqi Sheikhdom separated around the same time). In the late 19th century, the area came under British influence and eventually became a constituent of the Aden Protectorate. The sultanate joined the Federation of Arab Emirates of the South in February 1960 and the Federation of South Arabia in January 1963.
The Sultanate was abolished in 1967 and the last sultan, Nasir ibn Aidrus Al Awlaqi along with Prince Ali Abdullah the Governor, were imprisoned upon the founding of the People's Republic of South Yemen. The area is now part of the Republic of Yemen.
The ruler of the Lower Aulaqi Sultanate bore the title Sultan al-Saltana al-`Awlaqiyya al-Sufla.
- .... - .... `Ali ibn Munassar al-`Awlaqi
- .... - .... al-Mahdi ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
- .... - .... `Ali ibn al-Mahdi al-`Awlaqi
- .... - .... `Abd Allah ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
- .... - .... Nasir ibn Abi Bakr al-`Awlaqi
- 1855? - Jul 1863 Munassar ibn Abi Bakr al-`Awlaqi
- 1863 - 1892 Abu Bakr ibn `Abd Allah al-`Awlaqi
- 1892 - 1900 Salih ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
- 1900 - 5 Dec 1902 `Ali ibn Munassar al-`Awlaqi
- 6 Dec 1902 - 1912 Nasir ibn Abi Bakr al-`Awlaqi
- 1912 - 1924 Abu Bakr ibn Nasir al-`Awlaqi
- 1924 - Apr 1930 Munassar ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
- 1930 - 1947 `Aydarus ibn `Ali al-`Awlaqi
- 1947 - 29 Nov 1967 Nasir ibn `Aydarus al-`Awlaqi
- Paul Dresch. A History of Modern Yemen. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2000
- States of the Aden Protectorates
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