Lower Dibang Valley district

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Lower Dibang Valley district
District of Arunachal Pradesh
Location of Lower Dibang Valley district in Arunachal Pradesh
Location of Lower Dibang Valley district in Arunachal Pradesh
Country India
State Arunachal Pradesh
Headquarters Roing
Population (2011)
 • Total 53,986[1]
Demographics
 • Literacy 70.4%[1]
 • Sex ratio 919[1]

The Lower Dibang Valley district (Pron:/dɪˈbæŋ/) is an administrative district in the state of Arunachal Pradesh in northeastern India. It is the tenth least populous district in the country (out of 640).[2]

History[edit]

In June 1980, Dibang Valley district was created out of part of Lohit district.[3] On 16 December 2001, Dibang Valley district was bifurcated into Dibang Valley district and Lower Dibang Valley district.[3]

Geography[edit]

The district headquarters of the district is Roing. Before it was carved out on 16 December 2001, Anini was the district headquarters.[4]

Divisions[edit]

There are two Arunachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly constituencies located in this district: Dambuk and Roing. Both are part of Arunachal East Lok Sabha constituency.[5]

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Lower Dibang Valley district has a population of 53,986,[1] roughly equal to the nation of Saint Kitts and Nevis.[6] This gives it a ranking of 630th in India (out of a total of 640).[1] The district has a population density of 14 inhabitants per square kilometre (36 /sq mi) .[1] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 7.01%.[1] Lower Dibang Valley has a sex ratio of 919 females for every 1000 males,[1] and a literacy rate of 70.38%.[1]

Languages[edit]

Languages spoken include Mishmi and Adi, an endangered Sino-Tibetan tongue with 30,000 speakers.[7]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The district is rich in wildlife. Rare mammals such as Mishmi takin, Red goral, Elephant, Wild water buffalo and Leaf muntjac occurs while among birds there is the rare Sclater's Monal, Blyth's Tragopan, Rufous-necked Hornbill, Bengal Florican, White-winged Wood Duck.[8] A flying squirrel, new to science, i.e., Mishmi Hills Giant Flying Squirrel Petaurista mishmiensis also occurs in this district.[9]

In 1980 Lower Dibang Valley district became home to the Mehao Wildlife Sanctuary, which has an area of 282 km2 (108.9 sq mi).[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 
  2. ^ "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  3. ^ a b Law, Gwillim (25 September 2001). "Districts of India". Statoids. Retrieved 2011-10-11. 
  4. ^ Official Website of the Lower Dibang Valley District
  5. ^ "Assembly Constituencies allocation w.r.t District and Parliamentary Constituencies". Chief Electoral Officer, Arunachal Pradesh website. Retrieved 21 March 2011. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Saint Kitts and Nevis 50,314 July 2011 est." 
  7. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Galo: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th edition ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-28. 
  8. ^ Choudhury, Anwaruddin (2008) Survey of mammals and birds in Dihang-Dibang biosphere reserve, Arunachal Pradesh. Final report to Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India. The Rhino Foundation for nature in NE India, Guwahati, India. 70pp.
  9. ^ Choudhury,Anwaruddin (2009).One more new flying squirrel of the genus Petaurista Link, 1795 from Arunachal Pradesh in north-east India. The Newsletter and Journal of the RhinoFoundation for nat. in NE India 8: 26–34, plates.
  10. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Arunachal Pradesh". Retrieved 25 September 2011. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°08′40″N 95°50′30″E / 28.144545°N 95.841722°E / 28.144545; 95.841722