Lower Lake, California

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Lower Lake
census-designated place
Location in Lake County and the state of California
Location in Lake County and the state of California
Coordinates: 38°54′38″N 122°36′37″W / 38.91056°N 122.61028°W / 38.91056; -122.61028Coordinates: 38°54′38″N 122°36′37″W / 38.91056°N 122.61028°W / 38.91056; -122.61028
Country  United States
State  California
County Lake
Area[1]
 • Total 2.692 sq mi (6.971 km2)
 • Land 2.667 sq mi (6.907 km2)
 • Water 0.025 sq mi (0.064 km2)  0.92%
Elevation[2] 1,371 ft (418 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 1,294
 • Density 480/sq mi (190/km2)
Time zone Pacific (PST) (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP code 95457
Area code(s) 707
FIPS code 06-44350
GNIS feature ID 0277549

Lower Lake (formerly Grantville) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Lake County, California, USA.[2] Lower Lake is located 13 miles (21 km) east-southeast of Kelseyville,[3] at an elevation of 1371 feet (418 m).[2] The population was 1,294 at the 2010 census, down from 1,755 at the 2000 census. Lower Lake is also an Indian rancheria.

Geography[edit]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 2.7 square miles (7.0 km2), of which, 99.08% is land and 0.92% is water.

At the 2000 census, according to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP had a total area of 7.9 square miles (20 km2), of which, 7.9 square miles (20 km2) of it was land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) of it (0.88%) was water.

History[edit]

Lower Lake was founded by E. Mitchell in 1858 and he built the first house there.[3] The first post office opened in 1858 as well.[3]

Demographics[edit]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census[4] reported that Lower Lake had a population of 1,294. The population density was 480.8 people per square mile (185.6/km²). The racial makeup of Lower Lake was 1,031 (79.7%) White, 20 (1.5%) African American, 18 (1.4%) Native American, 13 (1.0%) Asian, 1 (0.1%) Pacific Islander, 125 (9.7%) from other races, and 86 (6.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 219 persons (16.9%).

The Census reported that 1,291 people (99.8% of the population) lived in households, 3 (0.2%) lived in non-institutionalized group quarters, and 0 (0%) were institutionalized.

There were 552 households, out of which 146 (26.4%) had children under the age of 18 living in them, 216 (39.1%) were opposite-sex married couples living together, 74 (13.4%) had a female householder with no husband present, 32 (5.8%) had a male householder with no wife present. There were 40 (7.2%) unmarried opposite-sex partnerships, and 2 (0.4%) same-sex married couples or partnerships. 190 households (34.4%) were made up of individuals and 73 (13.2%) had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34. There were 322 families (58.3% of all households); the average family size was 2.99.

The population was spread out with 259 people (20.0%) under the age of 18, 96 people (7.4%) aged 18 to 24, 254 people (19.6%) aged 25 to 44, 449 people (34.7%) aged 45 to 64, and 236 people (18.2%) who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 46.5 years. For every 100 females there were 99.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 100.2 males.

There were 705 housing units at an average density of 261.9 per square mile (101.1/km²), of which 389 (70.5%) were owner-occupied, and 163 (29.5%) were occupied by renters. The homeowner vacancy rate was 6.2%; the rental vacancy rate was 13.7%. 938 people (72.5% of the population) lived in owner-occupied housing units and 353 people (27.3%) lived in rental housing units.

2000[edit]

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 1,755 people, 716 households, and 458 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 223.3 people per square mile (86.2/km²). There were 869 housing units at an average density of 110.6/sq mi (42.7/km²). The racial makeup of the CDP was 84.44% White, 1.71% African American, 2.05% Native American, 0.63% Asian, 0.40% Pacific Islander, 5.58% from other races, and 5.19% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 11.05% of the population.

There were 716 households out of which 25.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.5% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 35.9% were non-families. 27.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the CDP the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 7.9% from 18 to 24, 22.3% from 25 to 44, 27.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 43 years. For every 100 females there were 100.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 94.0 males.

The median income for a household in the CDP was $24,974, and the median income for a family was $29,896. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $21,250 for females. The per capita income for the CDP was $13,516. About 9.9% of families and 12.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.0% of those under age 18 and 5.4% of those age 65 or over.

Politics[edit]

In the state legislature, Lower Lake is in the 2nd Senate District, represented by Democrat Noreen Evans, and in the 1st Assembly District, represented by Democrat Wesley Chesbro.

Federally, Lower Lake is in California's 3rd congressional district, represented by Democrat John Garamendi.[6]

Lower Lake Stone Jail[edit]

Main article: Lower Lake Stone Jail

Lower Lake is home to the Lower Lake Stone Jail. Built in 1876 from locally quarried stone, it is claimed to be the smallest jail in the United States.

References[edit]

  1. ^ U.S. Census
  2. ^ a b c U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Lower Lake, California
  3. ^ a b c Durham, David L. (1998). California's Geographic Names: A Gazetteer of Historic and Modern Names of the State. Quill Driver Books. p. 99. ISBN 9781884995149. 
  4. ^ "2010 Census Interactive Population Search: CA - Lower Lake CDP". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved July 12, 2014. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ "California's 3rd Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved March 1, 2013. 

External links[edit]