Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine

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Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine
Großherzogtum Niederrhein
Province of Prussia
1815–1822
Location of Lower Rhine
The Lower Rhine Province (red), within the Kingdom of Prussia (blue), within the German Confederation (member states in tan)
Capital Koblenz
50°22′N 7°36′E / 50.367°N 7.600°E / 50.367; 7.600Coordinates: 50°22′N 7°36′E / 50.367°N 7.600°E / 50.367; 7.600
History
 -  Established 1815
 -  Disestablished 1822
Population
 -  1816 951,998 
 -  1822 1,042,724 
Political subdivisions Aachen
Koblenz
Trier
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Electorate of Trier
Manderscheid
Malmedy
Free Imperial City of Aachen
Palatinate
Luxembourg
Duchy of Limburg
Rhine Province
Today part of North Rhine-Westphalia
Rhineland-Palatinate
Hesse
Saarland
Eupen-Malmedy

The Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine (German: Großherzogtum Niederrhein), or simply known as the Lower Rhine Province (German: Provinz Niederrhein) was a province of the Kingdom of Prussia and existed from 1815 to 1822.

The province was created after the Congress of Vienna in 1815 where Frederick William III was given the Rhineland and with it the title of Grand Duke of the Lower Rhine. This allowed Prussia to consolidate its Rhenish territories held since 1803, such as the Electorate of Trier, County of Manderscheid, Principality of Stavelot-Malmedy, the previously Free Imperial City of Aachen, most of the Palatinate region, parts of Luxembourg and Limburg, as well as a few other small territories. On 22 April 1816, these territories were combined to form the Grand Duchy of the Lower Rhine, with the provincial capital situated in Koblenz.

On 22 June 1822, by order of the Prussian cabinet, this province was fused with the neighbouring Province of Jülich-Cleves-Berg to form the Rhine Province.

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