Lower Sorbian language
|Native speakers||6,900 (2007)|
|Writing system||Latin (Sorbian alphabet)|
|Linguasphere||53-AAA-ba < 53-AAA-b <53-AAA-b...-d (varieties: 53-AAA-baa to 53-AAA-bah)|
Lower Sorbian (Dolnoserbski) is a Slavic minority language spoken in eastern Germany in the historical province of Lower Lusatia, today part of Brandenburg. It is one of the two literary Sorbian languages, the other being Upper Sorbian.
Lower Sorbian is spoken in and around the city of Cottbus in Brandenburg. Signs in this region are usually bilingual, and Cottbus has a Gymnasium where one language of instruction is Lower Sorbian. It is a heavily endangered language. Most native speakers are in the oldest generation today.
The phonology of Lower Sorbian has been greatly influenced by contact with German, especially in Cottbus and larger towns. For example, German-influenced pronunciation tends to have a voiced uvular fricative [ʁ] instead of the alveolar trill [r]. In villages and rural areas German influence is less marked, and the pronunciation is more "typically Slavic".
- /dub/ "oak" is pronounced [dup]
- /susedka/ "(female) neighbor" is pronounced [susetka]
- /lit͡sba/ "number" is pronounced [lʲid͡zba]
The postalveolar fricative /ʃ/ is assimilated to [ɕ] before /t͡ɕ/:
- /ʃt͡ɕit/ "protection" is pronounced [ɕt͡ɕit]
The vowel phonemes are as follows:
|Starting close||iɪ||ij ɨj uj||iw ɨw uw|
|Starting mid||ej ɔj||ɛw ow|
In loanwords, stress may fall on any of the last three syllables:
- internat [intɛrˈnat] "boarding school"
- kontrola [kɔnˈtrɔla] "control"
- september [sɛpˈtɛmbɛr] "September"
- policija [pɔˈlʲit͡sija] "police"
- organizacija [ɔrɡanʲiˈzat͡sija] "organization"
|Lower Sorbian edition of Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia|
|For a list of words relating to Lower Sorbian language, see the Lower Sorbian language category of words in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
- (German) (Lower Sorbian) Dolnoserbski radio program (RealAudio)
- Lower Sorbian Vocabulary List (from the World Loanword Database)