Lowesby

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Coordinates: 52°39′36″N 0°55′55″W / 52.66°N 0.931944°W / 52.66; -0.931944

Lowesby
Lowesby is located in Leicestershire
Lowesby
Lowesby
 Lowesby shown within Leicestershire
Area  2.22 sq mi (5.7 km2)
Population 127 [1]
    - Density  57 /sq mi (22 /km2)
OS grid reference SK725075
    - London 90 mi (140 km)  
Shire county Leicestershire
Region East Midlands
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire

Lowesby is a small parish and township situated in the district of Harbourgh in Leicestershire county. It is 8 miles east of the county capital, Leicester, and 90 miles north of London.[2]

Geography[edit]

Lowesby parish is located 500 metres above sea level[3] in a relatively hilly region.Other than Queniborough brook there are no other sites of topographic interest in Lowesby, partially due to the intensive farming in the area.[4] Local farming may have been influenced by the geology of the area which is predominantly serpentine rock.[5] Lowesby Hall was first owned by Richard Wallaston from the mid 17th century and remained in his family until Anne Wallaston married into the Fowke family, in whose hands the Hall remained well into the 20th century. It is now under private ownership.[6]

Government[edit]

The Rutland and Melton District, which includes Lowesby, is represented by A. Duncan (Conservative), who has held the seat since 1992. In addition to his duties for the Rutland and Melton area, he is minister of state for international development, where he is involved with countries in Africa, the Caribbean, and the Middle East and Asia.[7] The councillor for Harborough is Michael Rook (Conservative), who was elected in May 2007.[8] The county councillor for Lowesby is Simon Galton (Liberal Democrat).[9]

History[edit]

The name Lowesby stems from Old Norse and is thought to mean Lausi's farm or settlement, which refers to the owner and subsequent land use.[10] Lowesby is recorded as early as 1086 in the Domesday Book, implying that the parish was founded sometime in the early 11th century. Lowesby is shown as a small agricultural centre with two plough teams consisting of five men each.[11] The parish's main land use is still farming.

Graph Showing the Occupational statistics of 1831

In 1831 agriculture was by far the most prominent industry, with 64% of the male population of the age of 20 employed in this sector.[12] However, fifty years later, this number had dropped to 40%, and while agriculture was still the most common employment, the remainder of the population was working in other occupations, including as coachmen, gardeners for the manor, or as machinists.[13] As of 2001, just 9% of the population is working in agriculture and the manor no longer provides employment.[14]

Transport[edit]

Lowesby railway station has been closed since 7th December 1953, and is now part of a farm. It was the first station to open on the Great Northern Railway route to Leicester on 15 May 1882.[15]

Economy[edit]

The tertiary sector, otherwise described as the service sector, is the dominant area of employment in Lowesby with 62% (50 people) of the population working in this area. There has also been a movement into scientific and technical industries, which employs 10% of those working in tertiary industry in Lowesby.[16]

Demography[edit]

Graph describing the relationship between the Population of Lowesby and time

The population of Lowesby Parish was 127 in 2011.[17] This level of population has not always been constant throughout the parish's history. The population of Lowesby grew by almost 100 people during the first fifty years of the 19th century.[18] By the time of the 1851 census, a UK-wide railway network had almost been completed. Coupled with minor depressions and a second phase of British industrialisation, it may have led to a decline in the local population.[19] The population has not recovered since then, with Lowesby having averaged approximately one hundred inhabitants during the 20th century.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Lowesby (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statisitcs. Office for National Statisitcs. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  2. ^ "Lowesby (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statisitcs. Office for National Statisitcs. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  3. ^ "British War Office GSGS 4127, Ordnance Survey Popular and New Popular Editions". Ordnance Survey of Great Britain. 1945. pp. 122 Melton Mowbray. Retrieved 03/04/2014. 
  4. ^ "Land Utilisation Survey of Britain". Geographical Publications Limited. 1935. p. 63 - Leicester. Retrieved 2014-04-07. 
  5. ^ Ian West. "http://large.stanford.edu/publications/coal/references/west/". Stanford University. Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  6. ^ Parks and Gardens UK. "http://www.parksandgardens.org/places-and-people/site/2162/history". Retrieved 2014-04-26. 
  7. ^ UK Governemnt. "https://www.gov.uk/government/people/alan-duncan". Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  8. ^ The District of Harborough. "http://cmispublic.harborough.gov.uk/cmis5/People/tabid/62/ctl/ViewCMIS_Person/mid/480/id/2065/ScreenMode/Alphabetical/Default.aspx". Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  9. ^ Leicestershire County Council. "http://politics.leics.gov.uk/mgUserInfo.aspx?UID=279&J=2". Retrieved 2014-04-25. 
  10. ^ "The Institute for Name-Studies.". University of Nottingham. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  11. ^ Palmer, J.J.N. "The first free online copy of Domesday Book". Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  12. ^ Lowesby AP/CP through time. "Males aged 20 & over, in 9 occupational categories". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  13. ^ Woollard, Mark. "Occupations of Males and Females in the Division and its Registration Counties". Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  14. ^ "Occupation Groups - Males, 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Retrieved 2014-03-10. 
  15. ^ "Great Northern Railway and London & North Western Railway". Retrieved 2014-04-14. 
  16. ^ "Industry, 2011 (QS605EW)". Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 2014-04-09. 
  17. ^ "Lowesby (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statisitcs. Office for National Statisitcs. Retrieved 5 February 2014. 
  18. ^ A Vision of Britain through Time. "Lowesby AP/CP through time". GB Historical GIS / University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 8 April 2014. 
  19. ^ Professor Mary Davis. "Timeline 1850-1880". London metropolitan university. Retrieved 2014-04-08. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Lowesby at Wikimedia Commons