Loyola de Palacio
Loyola de Palacio y del Valle-Lersundi (16 September 1950—13 December 2006) was a Spanish politician. She was among the first women to rise to political prominence in Spain during the early years of reconstituted democracy. She was a minister in the Spanish government from 1996 to 1998 (Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food), and a member of the European Commission from 1999 to 2004. Her sister, Ana Palacio, was Foreign Minister of Spain from 2002 to 2004, and vice president of the World Bank, Ana collaborated also in the French N. Sarkozy's government, in a field connected to Nuclear Energy, Ana specialized in international law.
De Palacio was born in Madrid, into an aristocratic Basque family, the eldest of four sisters and three brothers (Older one in the family is Luis Maria, born Jan 4, 1946, founder and president of the Citroen 2CV Club of Spain), from Luis María de Palacio y de Palacio, 4th Marqués de Matonte, and wife Luisa Mariana del Valle-Lersundi y del Valle; the family held also the title of marquis of Guaimaro (Cuba). From a genetic point of view, her male parental line belonged to Y Chromosome haplogrup T-M70 (Supposedly linked to Iran, and to Australian aborigins, president Thomas Jefferson had the akin T1a haplogroup) and her mtDNA line was 'A', of native Americans. Her mother Luisa died of lung cancer when Loyola was 22, and she took charge of the family. She was educated at the Lycée Français in Madrid, and studied law at Complutense University, and also Communications Engineering, a field in which Mr. Luis Maria de Palacio, Sr., was a top expert.
In 1976, she was a founder member of the moderate-wing Alianza Popular (later transformed into the Partido Popular) led initially by Manuel Fraga-Iribarne, and she became the first leader of its youth section, Nuevas Generaciones. Her politics were on the "soft", liberal wing of her party. She was elected to represent Segovia in the upper house of the Spanish Parliament (the Senado) in the June 1986 Spanish general election. She joined the national executive of the Partido Popular in 1989, and was elected as a deputy for Segovia in the lower house (the Congreso de los Diputados) in the October 1989 Spanish general election, remaining in the lower house until 1999. She served as minister of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food in José María Aznar's Partido Popular government that accessed to power after the 1996 Spanish general election.
She headed the Partido Popular's list in the June 1999 European elections, and was duly elected to the European Parliament. She also joined the European Commission on 13 September 1999, as commissioner for energy and transport, in the Prodi Commission. She also served as vice-president (jointly with Neil Kinnock), and took charge of relations with the European Parliament. She pushed forward the Galileo positioning system, and new maritime safety regulations following the Prestige oil spill off the coast of Galicia in November 2002.
She was a devout Roman Catholic but denied being connected with the Opus Dei group, remarking that even her name (after that of the founder of the Jesuits, Ignatius Loyola) would make that laughable.
She enjoyed sports, including mountaineering but she preferred diving and windsurfing. She was diagnosed with Stage IV Cancer in 2006, and was treated in Houston and Madrid for five months. She died in Madrid, at the Social Security: '12 de Octubre' University Hospital. Following her death a state memorial was made in which all parties, including the left-wing coalition United Left (Formed by Communist party, Humanist party, and others) and PP critics, united to remember her policies to improve EU regulations.
Since 2008, the European Commission has created a European Policy Chair named "Loyola de Palacio" in the Robert Schuman Center in advanced Studies in the European University Institute in Italy.
- "Obituary". The Independent (UK). 15 December 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006. "Loyola de Palacio was on the right of a conservative party, and her devout Catholicism prompted accusations that she was a member of the ultra-conservative, partly hidden Opus Dei. Her riposte was unanswerable: 'How can I be a member of Opus with a name like Loyola?' Ignacio Loyola's Jesuits are seen by some as bitter opponents of Opus Dei."
- Loyola de Palacio Chair
- Michael Eaude (15 December 2006). "Obituary: Loyola de Palacio – Spanish minister and EU commissioner". The Guardian (UK). Retrieved 15 December 2006.
- "Obituary: Loyola de Palacio – Politician and EU commissioner". The Independent (UK). 15 December 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006.
- "Obituaries: Loyola de Palacio, former EU official, dies at 56". International Herald-Tribune. 14 December 2006. Retrieved 15 December 2006.
- "Obituaries: Loyola de Palacio – Spanish politician who helped shape European policy". The Times (UK). 17 January 2007. Retrieved 17 January 2007.