Lu Jeu Sham

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Lu Jeu Sham (Chinese: 沈呂九) (born April 28, 1938)[1] is a Chinese physicist most well known for his work with Walter Kohn on the Kohn–Sham equations.

Biography[edit]

Lu Jeu Sham's family was from Fuzhou, Fujian, but he was born in British Hong Kong on April 28, 1938.[1] He received his Bachelor of Science from Imperial College London in 1960[1] and his PhD in physics from the University of Cambridge in 1963.[2]

Sham was a professor in the Department of Physics at University of California, San Diego, eventually serving as department head.[1] He is now a UCSD professor emeritus.[2]

Sham was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1998.[3]

Scientific contributions[edit]

Sham is most well known for his work on density functional theory (DFT) with Walter Kohn, which resulted in the Kohn–Sham equations of DFT.[4] The Kohn–Sham method is widely used in materials science.[5] Kohn received a Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 1998 for the Kohn–Sham equations and other work related to DFT.

Sham's other research interests include condensed matter physics and optical control of electron spins in semiconductor nanostructures for quantum information processing.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "沈吕九_百度百科" (in Chinese). Baike.baidu.com. 2012-11-03. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  2. ^ a b c "UC San Diego - Department of Physics". Physics.ucsd.edu. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  3. ^ "Lu Jeu Sham". Nasonline.org. Retrieved 2013-03-22. 
  4. ^ Lalena, John; Cleary, David (2010). Principles of Inorganic Materials Design. p. 198. Retrieved March 21, 2013. 
  5. ^ Gross, E. K. U.; Dreizler, R. M. (1993). Density Functional Theory.