Lublin Voivodeship (1919–39)

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Wojewodztwo lubelskie
Coat of Arms
(Coat of Arms)
Lublin Voivodeship

Lublin Voivodeship (Polish: Wojewodztwo Lubelskie) was a unit of administrative division of the Second Polish Republic, in the years 1919–1939. Its capital and biggest city was Lublin.

Location and area[edit]

In the years 1919–1939, Lublin Voivodeship covered central part of Poland, the heartland of the country, bordering Białystok Voivodeship (1919–1939) to the north, Warsaw Voivodeship and Kielce Voivodeship to the west, Lwów Voivodeship to the south and Polesie Voivodeship as well as Volhynian Voivodeship to the east. Its area, after April 1, 1938 (see: Territorial changes of Polish Voivodeships on April 1, 1938) was 26,555 km². Landscape was flat and hilly in the south, forests covered only 16.6% of the area (with nation's average of 22.2%, as for January 1, 1937).

Demographics[edit]

Religion[edit]

1921:[1]

County Roman Catholic Eastern Orhotodox Jewish Other
Biłgoraj 65,889 (72,4%) 15,883 (17,5%) 9,056 (9,9%) 100 (0,1%)
Chełm 68,770 (56,6%) 24,701 (20,3%) 19,912 (16,4%) 8,092 (6,7%)
Hrubieszów 50,735 (48,9%) 38,468 (37%) 12,967 (13,5%) 671 (0,6%)
Janów Lubelski 117,368 (89,3%) 697 (0,5%) 13,407 (10,2%) 30 (0,02%)
Krasnystaw 102,016 (87,1%) 4,149 (3,5%) 10,493 (9,0%) 422 (0,4%)
Lubartów 83,732 (87%) 1,197 (1,2%) 9,669 (10,1%) 1,645 (1,7%)
Lublin (city) 55,610 (58,9%) 514 (0,5%) 37,337 (39,5%) 951 (1,1%)
Lublin (distr.) 128,303 (91,7%) 910 (0,7%) 9,608 (6,9%) 1,079 (0,8%)
Puławy 129,281 (86,8%) 206 (0,1%) 19,296 (12,9%) 238 (0,2%)
Tomaszów Lub. 57,869 (62,4%) 22,389 (24,1%) 12,154 (13,1%) 397 (0,4%)
Zamość 119,769 (84%) 5,441 (3,8%) 17,225 (12,1%) 179 (0,1%)

1931:[1]

County Roman Catholic Eastern Orhotodox Jewish Other
Biłgoraj 82,614 (70,6%) 20,913 (17,9%) 12,938 (11,1%) 468 (0,4%)
Chełm 80,400 (54,5%) 37,530 (23,1%) 22,852 (14,1%) 13,470 (8,3%)
Hrubieszów 63,365 (48,8%) 49,128 (37,8%) 15,785 (12,1%) 1,679 (1,3%)
Janów Lubelski 135,182 (86,5%) 1,159 (0,8%) 15,317 (10%) 1,060 (2,7%)
Krasnystaw 113,442 (84,6%) 4,853 (3,6%) 12,127 (9,0%) 3,737 (2,8%)
Lubartów 94,356 (87,4%) 1,544 (1,4%) 9,652 (8,9%) 2,439 (2,3%)
Lublin (city) 71,542 (63,7%) 703 (0,6%) 38,937 (34,7) 315 (1,0%)
Lublin (distr) 149,192 (91,2%) 125 (0,1%) 12,049 (7,4%) 2,136 (1,3%)
Puławy 149,060 (86,6%) 182 (0,1%) 21,949 (12,7%) 1,076 (0,6%)
Tomaszów Lub. 73,021 (60,3%) 33,059 (27,3%) 14,204 (11,7%) 840 (0,7%)
Zamość 125,249 (83,6%) 6,778 (4,5%) 16,738 (11,2%) 783 (0,7%)

Ethnic groups[edit]

According to the 1931 Polish census, the population was 2 116 200. Poles made 85.1% of population, Jews - 10.5% and Ukrainians (in the east and south) - 3%. The Jews preferred to live in the cities and towns, especially in Lublin itself.

Literacy[edit]

In the whole Voivodeship, 24.6% of population was illiterate (as for 1931).

Industry[edit]

The Voivodeship's biggest industrial center was the city of Lublin. Other than that, it lacked significant industry centers. In mid-1930s Polish government started a huge public works program, called Centralny Okręg Przemysłowy, which was a great boost to overpopulated and poor counties. It covered southwestern part of the Voivodeship, with the town of Kraśnik. The railroad density was 4.0 km. per 100 km². (with total length of railroads 1 236 km.).

Cities and administrative divisions[edit]

Lublin Voivodeship in mid-1939 consisted of 16 powiats (counties), 29 cities and towns and 228 villages. The counties were:

  • Biała Podlaska county (area 2 122 km², population 116 000),
  • Biłgoraj county (area 1 720 km², population 116 900),
  • Chełm county (area 1 975 km², population 162 300),
  • Hrubieszów county (area 1 575 km², population 130 000),
  • Janów Lubelski county (area 1 960 km², population 152 700),
  • Krasnystaw county (area 1 521 km², population 134 200),
  • Lubartów county (area 1 389 km², population 108 000),
  • city of Lublin county (area 30 km², population 112 300),
  • Lublin county (area 1 889 km², population 163 500),
  • Łuków county (area 1 762 km², population 129 100),
  • Puławy county (area 1 618 km², population 156 500),
  • Radzyń Podlaski county (area 1 621 km², population 99 100),
  • Siedlce county (area 1 988 km², population 151 400),
  • Tomaszów Lubelski county (area 1 397 km², population 121 100),
  • Włodawa county (area 2 326 km², population 113 600),
  • Zamość county (area 1 662 km², population 149 500).

According to the 1931 census, biggest cities were:

  • Lublin (pop. 112 300),
  • Siedlce (pop. 36 900),
  • Chełm (pop. 29 100),
  • Zamość (pop. 24 700),
  • Biała Podlaska (pop. 17 400),
  • Miedzyrzec Podlaski (pop. 16 800),
  • Łuków (pop. 14 000),
  • Hrubieszów (pop. 13 200),
  • Kraśnik (pop. 12 200),
  • Puławy (pop. 12 100).

Voivodes[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b K. Sadkowski. Church, nation and state in Poland: Catholicism and national identity formation in the Lublin region, 1918-1939. University of Michigan. 1995. pp. 85-86
  • Maly rocznik statystyczny 1939, Nakladem Glownego Urzedu Statystycznego, Warszawa 1939 (Concise Statistical Year-Book of Poland, Warsaw 1939).

Coordinates: 51°14′00″N 22°34′00″E / 51.233333°N 22.566667°E / 51.233333; 22.566667