Lucas, Kansas

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Lucas, Kansas
City
Location within Russell County (left) and Kansas (right)
Location within Russell County (left) and Kansas (right)
Coordinates: 39°3′32″N 98°32′15″W / 39.05889°N 98.53750°W / 39.05889; -98.53750Coordinates: 39°3′32″N 98°32′15″W / 39.05889°N 98.53750°W / 39.05889; -98.53750
Country United States
State Kansas
County Russell
Founded 1877
Area[1]
 • Total 0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
 • Land 0.60 sq mi (1.55 km2)
 • Water 0 sq mi (0 km2)
Elevation 1,489 ft (454 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 393
 • Estimate (2013[3]) 390
 • Density 660/sq mi (250/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 67648
Area code(s) 785
FIPS code 20-43150 [4]
GNIS feature ID 0472535 [5]
Website Lucas CoC

Lucas is a city in Russell County, Kansas, United States.[6] As of the 2010 census, the city population was 393.[7]

History[edit]

Lucas was established as the community of Blue Stem in 1877. It was renamed Lucas in 1887 after Lucas Place in St. Louis, Missouri.[8]

Geography[edit]

Lucas is located at 39°3′32″N 98°32′15″W / 39.05889°N 98.53750°W / 39.05889; -98.53750 (39.058839, -98.537457)[9] at an elevation of 1,489 feet (454 m).[5] Located in north-central Kansas at the junction of Kansas Highway 18 (K-18) and Kansas Highway 232 (K-232), Lucas is 115 miles (185 km) northwest of Wichita, 212 miles (341 km) west of Kansas City, and 21 miles (34 km) northeast of Russell, the county seat.[6][10][11]

Lucas lies in the Smoky Hills region of the Great Plains approximately 8 miles (13 km) north of Wilson Lake.[6][10] Wolf Creek, a tributary of the Saline River, flows east along the southern edge of the city.[10]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.60 square miles (1.55 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Lucas has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 277
1910 573 106.9%
1920 651 13.6%
1930 630 −3.2%
1940 648 2.9%
1950 631 −2.6%
1960 559 −11.4%
1970 524 −6.3%
1980 524 0.0%
1990 452 −13.7%
2000 436 −3.5%
2010 393 −9.9%
Est. 2013 390 −0.8%
U.S. Decennial Census

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 census, there were 393 people, 192 households, and 108 families residing in the city. The population density was 786 people per square mile (303.5/km²). There were 257 housing units at an average density of 514 per square mile (183.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.7% White, 0.8% Asian, 0.3% American Indian, 0.8% from some other race, and 0.5% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of any race were 1.5% of the population.[7]

There were 192 households of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.9% were married couples living together, 2.1% had a male householder with no wife present, 6.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 43.8% were non-families. 42.2% of all households were made up of individuals, and 20.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.05, and the average family size was 2.79.[7]

In the city, the population was spread out with 21.1% under the age of 18, 5.6% from 18 to 24, 17.3% from 25 to 44, 29.8% from 45 to 64, and 26.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 49.5 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.4 males age 18 and over.[7]

The median income for a household in the city was $30,368, and the median income for a family was $45,156. Males had a median income of $31,250 versus $23,333 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,025. 6.7% of families and 14.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 16.3% of those age 65 or over.[7]

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[4] of 2000, there were 436 people, 180 households, and 113 families residing in the city. The population density was 823.4 people per square mile (317.6/km²). There were 232 housing units at an average density of 438.1 per square mile (169.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.71% White, 1.38% African American, and 0.92% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.46% of the population.

There were 180 households out of which 23.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.7% were married couples living together, 5.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.7% were non-families. 34.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.22 and the average family size was 2.85.

In the city the population was spread out with 21.8% under the age of 18, 3.2% from 18 to 24, 18.8% from 25 to 44, 25.2% from 45 to 64, and 31.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 50 years. For every 100 females there were 85.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.

Economy[edit]

As of 2012, 56.7% of the population over the age of 16 was in the labor force. 0.0% was in the armed forces, and 56.7% was in the civilian labor force with 55.6% being employed and 1.2% unemployed. The composition, by occupation, of the employed civilian labor force was: 33.2% in sales and office occupations; 21.7% in management, business, science, and arts; 21.3% in production, transportation, and material moving; 13.6% in natural resources, construction, and maintenance; and 10.2% in service occupations. The three industries employing the largest percentages of the working civilian labor force were: educational services, and health care and social assistance (25.1%); manufacturing (21.3%); and retail trade (20.4%).[7]

The cost of living in Lucas is relatively low; compared to a U.S. average of 100, the cost of living index for the community is 78.8.[13] As of 2012, the median home value in the city was $56,000, the median selected monthly owner cost was $846 for housing units with a mortgage and $343 for those without, and the median gross rent was $419.[7]

Government[edit]

Lucas is a city of the third class with a mayor-council form of government. The city council consists of five members, and it meets on the second Tuesday of each month.[14]

Lucas lies within Kansas's 1st U.S. Congressional District. For the purposes of representation in the Kansas Legislature, the city is located in the 36th district of the Kansas Senate and the 109th district of the Kansas House of Representatives.[14]

Education[edit]

Lucas lies within Unified School District (USD) 299, based in Sylvan Grove, Kansas. The district operates one school in the city: Lucas-Sylvan Unified Elementary School (Grades K-6). Local students in Grades 7-12 attend school in Sylvan Grove.[15]

Infrastructure[edit]

2005 KDOT Map of Russell County showing Lucas and surrounding communities (map legend)

Transportation[edit]

K-18, an east-west route, approaches Lucas from the west, then turns southeast along the eastern side of the city. K-232, also known as the Post Rock Scenic Byway, a north-south route, terminates at its junction with K-18 southeast of the city.[10]

Lucas Airport is located immediately east of the city. Publicly owned, it has one 2900' asphalt runway and is used for general aviation.[16]

Utilities[edit]

The City of Luray provides electricity to local residents. Wilson Telephone provides landline telephone service and offers cable television and internet access.[17] Most residents use natural gas for heating fuel; service is provided by Kansas Gas Service.[13][17]

Media[edit]

Lucas is in the Wichita-Hutchinson, Kansas television market.[18]

Culture[edit]

Events[edit]

Each year on the Saturday before Labor Day weekend, the city holds its annual community celebration, the Adams Apple Festival. It includes an art show, a fun run, Scottish Highland Games, contests, and other entertainment. Other annual events include the Spook Parade, a children's costume contest held the Saturday before Halloween, and Santa Claus Day, held the Saturday before Christmas.[19]

Points of interest[edit]

In 1996, Kansas Governor Bill Graves named Lucas the "Grassroots Art Capital of Kansas" due to the number of sites in the community devoted to local folk art. The Garden of Eden is a permanent outdoor sculpture exhibit built between 1905 and 1927 by local sculptor Samuel P. Dinsmoor. The site consists of Dinsmoor's home, a "log cabin" constructed of carved limestone, more than 150 sculptures representing his interpretation of the Biblical creation and world history, and a mausoleum housing the remains of Dinsmoor and his first wife.[20] Inspired by Dinsmoor, local resident Florence Deeble constructed a rock garden around her home, using rocks acquired during her travels to construct works representing places she visited.[21] Since 2002, Deeble's house has served as a gallery called the Garden of Isis, exhibiting works made from recycled materials by visual artist Mri-Pilar.[22] The Grassroots Arts Center is a non-profit gallery located downtown which promotes and exhibits the work of Kansas folk artists.[23] Other folk art sites in the city include late, porcelain artist, Eric Abraham's Flying Pig Studio & Gallery, The World's Largest Collection of the World's Smallest Version of the World's Largest Things traveling museum, Bowl Plaza, Miller's park, Fork Art Park, historical mural and the World's Largest Travel Plate.[24]

Notable people[edit]

Notable individuals who were born in and/or have lived in Lucas include:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  4. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c "2003-2004 Official Transportation Map". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2003. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  7. ^ a b c d e f g "American FactFinder 2". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  8. ^ Kansas State Historical Society (1916). Biennial Report of the Board of Directors of the Kansas State Historical Society. Kansas State Printing Plant. p. 280. 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  10. ^ a b c d "General Highway Map - Russell County, Kansas". Kansas Department of Transportation. 2010-10-01. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  11. ^ "City Distance Tool". Geobytes. Retrieved 2010-10-23. 
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Lucas, Kansas
  13. ^ a b "Lucas, Kansas". City-Data.com. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  14. ^ a b "Lucas". Directory of Kansas Public Officials. The League of Kansas Municipalities. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  15. ^ "USD 299 - History". USD 299. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  16. ^ "38K - Lucas Airport". AirNav.com. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  17. ^ a b "Utilities". Russell County, Kansas Economic Development & CVB. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  18. ^ "Kansas". TV Market Maps. EchoStar Knowledge Base. Retrieved 2014-09-10. 
  19. ^ "Special Events in Lucas, Kansas". Lucas Area Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  20. ^ Weiser, Kathy (May 2010). "The Garden of Eden in Lucas". Legends of Kansas. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  21. ^ Stokes, Keith. "Florence Deeble's Rock Garden". Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  22. ^ Stokes, Keith. "Garden of Isis". Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  23. ^ "Our History". Grassroots Art Center. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  24. ^ "Attractions". Lucas Area Chamber of Commerce. Retrieved 2011-08-26. 
  25. ^ "Samuel P. Dinsmoor". Kansapedia. Kansas Historical Society. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 
  26. ^ "Bill Volok". National Football League. Retrieved 2010-12-12. 

External links[edit]

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