Lucasfilm

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Lucasfilm Limited, LLC
Type Limited liability company
Subsidiary of The Walt Disney Studios
Industry Film
Founded 1971
Founder(s) George Lucas
Headquarters Letterman Digital Arts Center (Presidio of San Francisco)
Key people Kathleen Kennedy
(President)
Howard Roffman
(EVP, Franchise Management)
Tony To
(President of Production)[1][2]
Products Motion pictures and television
Parent Independent (1971–2012)
The Walt Disney Company (2012–present)
Website lucasfilm.com

Lucasfilm Limited, LLC[3] is an American film and television production company based in the Letterman Digital Arts Center in San Francisco, California. The studio is best known for its films, such as the Star Wars and Indiana Jones franchises, as well as its leadership in developing special effects, sound and computer animation for film. The Walt Disney Company bought Lucasfilm in 2012 at a valuation of $4.06 billion.[4] Lucasfilm was founded by filmmaker George Lucas in 1971 in San Rafael, CA. Most of Lucasfilm's operations were moved to San Francisco in 2005.[5]

History[edit]

Independent era[edit]

Lucasfilm was founded by filmmaker George Lucas in 1971.[6]

On July 8, 2005, Lucasfilm's marketing, online, and licensing units moved into the new Letterman Digital Arts Center located in the Presidio in San Francisco. It shares the complex with Industrial Light & Magic and LucasArts. Lucasfilm had planned an expansion at Skywalker Ranch in Marin County, California, but shelved the plan[when?] due to opposition from neighbors. However, it still plans to expand elsewhere.[7]

In January 2012, Lucas announced his retirement from producing large-scale blockbuster films and instead re-focusing his career on smaller, independently budgeted features.[8][9]

In June 2012, it was announced that producer Kathleen Kennedy, a long-term collaborator with Steven Spielberg and a producer of the Indiana Jones films, had been appointed as co-chair of Lucasfilm Ltd. It was reported that Kennedy would work alongside Lucas, who would remain chief executive and serve as co-chairman for at least one year, after which she would succeed him as the company's sole leader.[10]

On September 5, 2012, Micheline Chau, who served as president and COO of Lucasfilm for two-decades, announced that she was retiring. With her departure, senior executives for each of the Lucasfilm divisions will report directly to Kathleen Kennedy. Chau was credited with keeping the Lucasfilm and Star Wars brands strong, especially through animation spin-offs and licensing initiatives.[11]

Disney subsidiary[edit]

Discussions relating to the possibility of The Walt Disney Company purchasing Lucasfilm officially began in May 2011, after a meeting that George Lucas had with Disney CEO Bob Iger during the inauguration of the Star Tours: The Adventures Continue attraction.[12] Lucas told Iger he was considering retirement and planned to sell the company, as well as the Star Wars franchise.[13] On October 30, 2012, Disney announced a deal to acquire Lucasfilm for $4.05 billion,[14] with approximately half in cash and half in shares of Disney stock.[15] Lucasfilm had previously collaborated with the company's Walt Disney Imagineering division to create theme park attractions centered on Star Wars and Indiana Jones for various Walt Disney Parks and Resorts worldwide.[16]

Kathleen Kennedy, co-chairman of Lucasfilm, became president of Lucasfilm, reporting to Walt Disney Studios Chairman Alan Horn. Additionally she serves as the brand manager for Star Wars, working directly with Disney's global lines of business to build, further integrate, and maximize the value of this global franchise. Kennedy serves as producer on new Star Wars feature films, with George Lucas serving as creative consultant.[17] The company also announced the future release of new Star Wars films, starting with Star Wars Episode VII in 2015.[16]

Under the deal, Disney acquired ownership of Lucasfilm and its operating businesses in live action film production, consumer products, video games, animation, visual effects, and audio post-production. Disney also acquired Lucasfilm's portfolio of entertainment technologies. The intent was for Lucasfilm employees to remain in their current locations.[18] Star Wars merchandising would begin under Disney in the fiscal year 2014.[19] Starting with Star Wars Rebels, future productions will be co-branded by both the Disney and Lucasfilm names,[20] akin to what Disney has done with Pixar.[21] On December 4, 2012, the Disney-Lucasfilm merger was approved by the Federal Trade Commission, allowing the acquisition to be finalized without dealing with antitrust problems.[22] On December 21, 2012, the deal was completed, and Lucasfilm became a wholly owned subsidiary of Disney.[4]

Disney's CEO Bob Iger confirmed that Lucasfilm had plans to have stand-alone Star Wars movies with Lawrence Kasdan and Simon Kinberg lined up to develop the movies that would be released sometime during the six-year period the sequel trilogy will be released.[23]

In April 2013, the development arm of the LucasArts division was closed down and most of its staff was laid off.[24][25] However, LucasArts remained open with a skeleton staff of fewer than ten employees so it could retain its function as a video game licensor.[26] On May 6, 2013, Disney announced an exclusive deal with Electronic Arts to produce Star Wars games for the core gaming market. LucasArts retained the ability to license, and Disney Interactive Studios retained the ability to develop, Star Wars games for the casual gaming market.[27][28]

20th Century Fox, the original distributors of the first six Star Wars films, still retain the distribution rights to the original two Star Wars trilogies, currently owning permanent distribution rights for the 1977 Star Wars film, while holding the distribution rights to Episodes I-III, V, and VI until May 2020.[29] In December 2013, The Walt Disney Studios purchased the distribution and marketing rights to future Indiana Jones films from Paramount Pictures, although the latter studio will continue to distribute the first four films and will receive "financial participation" from any additional films.[30][31]

On January 3, 2014, Lucasfilm announced that Dark Horse Comics' license for Star Wars comics would end in 2015, and return to fellow Disney subsidiary Marvel Comics.[32]

On April 24, 2014, Lucasfilm announced that the Expanded Universe will become non-canon (but may be drawn upon for future works) and that The Clone Wars and Rebels animated series would be considered canon and future Star Wars projects would be overseen by a new story group to keep to that canon. Additionally, the Star Wars Legends banner would be used for those Expanded Universe materials that are in print.[33] Disney Publishing Worldwide also announced that Del Rey would publish a new line of canon Star Wars books under the Lucasfilm Story Group being released starting in September on a bi-monthly schedule.[34]

Related companies[edit]

Divisions[edit]

Former divisions[edit]

Filmography[edit]

Film Year Director Distributor Tomatometer Gross
American Graffiti 1973 George Lucas Universal Studios 97% $115,000,000
Star Wars 1977 George Lucas 20th Century Fox 94% $775,398,007
More American Graffiti 1979 Bill L. Norton Universal Studios 22% $15,014,674
The Empire Strikes Back 1980 Irvin Kershner 20th Century Fox1 97% $538,375,067
Raiders of the Lost Ark 1981 Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures 94% $384,140,454
Return of the Jedi 1983 Richard Marquand 20th Century Fox1 79% $475,106,177
Twice Upon a Time 1983 John Korty & Charles Swenson Warner Bros. N/A N/A
Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom 1984 Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures 85% $333,107,271
Latino 1985 Haskell Wexler Cinecom N/A N/A
Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters 1985 Paul Schrader Warner Bros. 95% $502,758
Labyrinth 1986 Jim Henson TriStar Pictures 66% $12,729,917
Howard the Duck 1986 Willard Huyck Universal Studios 16% $37,962,774
Willow 1988 Ron Howard Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer 50% $57,269,863
Tucker: The Man and His Dream 1988 Francis Ford Coppola Paramount Pictures 86% $19,652,638
The Land Before Time 1988 Don Bluth Universal Studios/Amblin Entertainment 73% $48,092,846
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade 1989 Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures 89% $474,171,806
Radioland Murders 1994 Mel Smith Universal Studios 19% $1,316,865
Star Wars Episode I: The Phantom Menace 1999 George Lucas 20th Century Fox1 57% $1,027,044,677
Star Wars Episode II: Attack of the Clones 2002 George Lucas 20th Century Fox1 67% $649,398,328
Star Wars Episode III: Revenge of the Sith 2005 George Lucas 20th Century Fox1 80% $848,754,768
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull 2008 Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures 77% $786,636,033
Star Wars: The Clone Wars 2008 Dave Filoni Warner Bros. 19% $68,282,844
Red Tails 2012 Anthony Hemingway 20th Century Fox 36% $48,832,821

In development[edit]

Television series[edit]

Television films and specials[edit]

Other productions[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ Theatrical and home media distribution rights will be transferred to Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures and Walt Disney Studios Home Entertainment, respectively, by May 2020.[29]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Graser, Marc (June 5, 2014). "Tony To Joins Lucasfilm as Head of Production, Development". Variety. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  2. ^ Giardina, Carolyn (June 5, 2014). "Lucasfilm Hires Tony To as Production and Development Exec". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved June 7, 2014. 
  3. ^ The Walt Disney Company. "The Walt Disney Company Completes Lucasfilm Acquisition (press release)" (Press release). Retrieved 2013-01-26. 
  4. ^ a b Schou, Solvej (December 21, 2012). "Mickey meets 'Star Wars': Walt Disney Co. completes acquisition of Lucasfilm". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved December 22, 2012. 
  5. ^ "Industrial Light & Film". Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  6. ^ Moss, Stuart (2009). The Entertainment Industry. Wallingford, UK: cab international. p. 89. ISBN 9781845935511. 
  7. ^ Les Christie CNN Money 5:43 p.m. PDT, May 21, 2012 (May 21, 2012). "After ritzy neighbors block Skywalker Ranch expansion, George Lucas strikes back with proposed low-income housing development - KCPQ". Q13fox.com. Retrieved October 31, 2012. 
  8. ^ Fischer, Russ (January 17, 2012). "George Lucas Ready to Retire From Blockbuster Filmmaking". /Film. Retrieved January 17, 2012. 
  9. ^ Yamato, Jen (January 17, 2012). "George Lucas Promises Retirement (From Blockbusters... Not Counting Indiana Jones 5)". Movie Line. Retrieved January 17, 2012. 
  10. ^ Richard Verrier and Ben Fritz, "Kathleen Kennedy to helm Lucasfilm as George Lucas phases out", Los Angeles Times, June 2, 2012. Retrieved 2012-09-27.
  11. ^ Gregg Kilday, "Longtime Lucasfilm President and COO Micheline Chau Retiring", The Hollywood Reporter, September 5, 2012, Retrieved 2012-12-25.
  12. ^ Leonard, David (7 March 2013). "How Disney Bought Lucasfilm—and Its Plans for 'Star Wars'". Bloomberg Businessweek. p. 3. Retrieved 6 June 2013. 
  13. ^ "Never mind about Star Wars 7. Who is going to be Bob Iger's No. 2?". Jim Hill Media. October 30, 2012. Retrieved November 1, 2012. 
  14. ^ Burr, Ty (November 3, 2012). "What to expect when Disney buys 'Star Wars'". The Boston Globe. Retrieved November 4, 2012. 
  15. ^ "Disney to Acquire Lucasfilm Ltd.". Yahoo!. October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  16. ^ a b "Disney purchases Lucasfilm, announces new Star Wars". 3 News. October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  17. ^ "New Star Wars Movies announced as Disney enters agreement to acquire Lucasfilm Ltd.". http://starwars.com. October 30, 2012. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  18. ^ Smith, Ethan (October 30, 2012). "Mickey, Darth Vader Join Forces in $4.05 Billion Deal". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 30, 2012. 
  19. ^ http://thewaltdisneycompany.com/sites/default/files/reports/10k-wrap-2013.pdf
  20. ^ "Walt Disney Confirms J.J. Abrams Will Direct New ‘Star Wars’". The Wall Street Journal. 26 January 2013. Retrieved 26 January 2013. 
  21. ^ Acuna, Kirsten (9 November 2012). "Here's What Disney CEO Bob Iger Says He Wants To Do With 'Star Wars'". Business Insider. Retrieved 22 November 2012. 
  22. ^ Patten, Dominic (December 4, 2012). "Disney-Lucasfilm Deal Cleared By Feds". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 5, 2012. 
  23. ^ Zakarin, Jordan (February 5, 2013). "It's Official: 'Star Wars' Stand-Alone Films From Lawrence Kasdan, Simon Kinberg in Development". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved February 6, 2013. 
  24. ^ a b Shaw, Lucas (3 April 2013). "LucasArts to Cease Making Games, Will Lay Off Most of Staff". The Wrap. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  25. ^ Neal, Ryan W. (3 April 2013). "Disney Closes LucasArts, Video Game Arm of LucasFilm, Cancels Star Wars Games". International Business Times. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  26. ^ a b "Disney to Shut LucasArts Videogame Unit". The Wall Street Journal. 2013-04-03. Retrieved 2013-04-18. 
  27. ^ "EA takes helm from LucasArts, will exclusively develop future 'Star Wars' games". The Verge. 6 May 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  28. ^ "We're probably all about EA". The International House of Mojo. 6 May 2013. Retrieved 6 May 2013. 
  29. ^ a b Masters, Kim (October 30, 2012). "Tangled Rights Could Tie Up Ultimate 'Star Wars' Box Set (Analysis)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved November 12, 2012. 
  30. ^ Kroll, Justin (December 6, 2013). "Disney Acquires Rights to Future ‘Indiana Jones’ Movies". Variety. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  31. ^ Faughnder, Ryan (6 December 2013). "Disney acquires control of future 'Indiana Jones' movies". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 7 December 2013. 
  32. ^ Clark, Noelene; Blake Hennon (3 January 2014). "‘Star Wars’ comics leaving Dark Horse, returning to Marvel in 2015". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  33. ^ McMillan, Graeme (April 25, 2014). "Lucasfilm Unveils New Plans for 'Star Wars' Expanded Universe". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  34. ^ McMillan, Graeme (April 25, 2014). "Disney, Del Rey to Launch New 'Star Wars' Book Line". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  35. ^ "Tiny Death Star Available For Android". The International House of Mojo. 2013-10-11. Retrieved 2013-10-12. 
  36. ^ Droege, DB. "The future of Star Wars comics under Disney". TG Daily. Retrieved 6 January 2013. 
  37. ^ "Welcome to Lucasfilm". Lucasfilm Recruiting. Lucasfilm. Retrieved April 25, 2014. 
  38. ^ Shelby Hill, Steven Gaydos (2011-09-30). "Accusations fly in Kerner bankruptcy". Variety. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  39. ^ Crabtree, Sheigh (2002-06-12). "Lucas' THX stakes out new galaxy". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  40. ^ Hoppel, Adrian (2013-03-20). "Law & Apple: iFone Defeats iPhone, THX Targets Apple". MacLife. Retrieved 2013-04-19. 
  41. ^ Kit, Borys (22 May 2014). ['Star Wars' Spinoff Hires 'Godzilla' Director Gareth Edwards (Exclusive) "'Star Wars' Spinoff Hires 'Godzilla' Director Gareth Edwards (Exclusive)"] Check |url= scheme (help). The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved 23 May 2014. 
  42. ^ Peaty, James. "Rick McCallum interview: Dennis Potter, Star Wars TV series, George Lucas & Red Tails" Den of Geek.com, June 2012.

External links[edit]