- Perugia Calcio, a football club based in Perugia, Umbria.
- Viterbese Calcio, a football club based in Viterbo, Lazio.
- S.S. Sambenedettese Calcio, a football club based in San Benedetto del Tronto, Marche
- Calcio Catania, a football club based in Catania, Sicily.
During the 2002 World Cup, South Korean player Ahn Jung-Hwan - then on loan to Gaucci's Perugia football club - scored a golden goal that eliminated Italy from the World Cup. Furious, Gaucci immediately made public comments about cancelling Ahn's contract and was quoted as saying, "I have no intention of paying a salary to someone who has ruined Italian football." While he soon took back his words, and offered to outright buy Ahn's contract, Ahn rejected his penitence, with his agent stating, "He will never play again for Perugia... We will never consider his transfer to Perugia, which mounted a character assassination against Ahn just because he scored against Italy."
Thoroughbred horse racing
Luciano Gaucci also owned Allevamento White Star, a Thoroughbred horse breeding and racing operation who gained international fame in the late 1980s with the European Champion thoroughbred Tony Bin, winner of six Group One races including France's most prestigious event, the Prix de l'Arc de Triomphe. Gaucci also owned multiple stakes race winner Sikeston as well as Dr Devious, a colt he sold to American weight loss guru Sidney H. Craig and who won England's 1992 Epsom Derby.
Bankrupt and escape
After Perugia fell bankrupt in 2005, the Italian magistrature started an inquiry on him and his sons Alessandro and Riccardo; after such events, Luciano Gaucci escaped to Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic where he stayed four years on hiding. He was subsequently condemned to a three-year suspended jail sentence. Gaucci returned to Italy on March 2009.
- "BBC SPORT | WORLD CUP | South Korea | Ahn 'rejects Perugia return'". BBC News. 2002-06-26. Retrieved 2011-06-02.