Anger began filming around 1966, hiring a young musician named Bobby Beausoleil to act and compose the soundtrack. The film was abandoned in 1967 because Anger claimed the film footage had been stolen by Beausoleil. (Beausoleil and others said that Anger had simply spent all the money for the film.)
Anger began filming again several years later, with British singer Marianne Faithfull appearing in the film. Chris Jagger, brother of Mick Jagger, was originally slated for the role of Lucifer but had a falling out with Anger during the filming and most of his parts were excised from the final product. Beausoleil wrote and recorded the music in prison. Aleister Crowley associate Gerald Yorke is credited as "Thelemic consultant."
The original Jimmy Page soundtrack was released in 2012 as Lucifer Rising and Other Sound Tracks.