Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus

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Scribonianus
Usurper of the Roman Empire
Reign 41
Predecessor Gaius Caligula
Successor Claudius
Full name
Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus
Died 41
Issa

Lucius Arruntius Camillus Scribonianus was a Roman usurper who attempted to overthrow the newly installed Emperor Claudius in 41 CE.

Career[edit]

Scribonianus was reportedly the biological son of Marcus Furius Camillus and brother to Livia Medullina, the second fiancee of Claudius.[1] He became the adopted son of Lucius Arruntius the Younger[2] (consul 6 CE), and grandson of Lucius Arruntius the Elder (consul 22 BCE). Scribonianus became consul in 32 CE[3] with Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus (biological father of Nero).

One of the people considered for the position of emperor after the death of Gaius Caligula,[4] despite his near-relationship to Claudius, he nevertheless instigated a revolt against Claudius in 41 CE while imperial legate of Dalmatia.[5] Approached by the influential senator Annius Vinicianus with a plot to overthrow Claudius,[6] he was proclaimed imperator by his troops, as Annius waited in Rome for his arrival.[7] The rebellion failed when Scribonianus announced his intention to restore the Republic,[8] causing his troops to turn against him, and forcing him to flee to the island of Issa. Here he committed suicide.[9] Imperial propaganda later declared that divine intervention prevented the standards of the legions from being pulled from the ground, causing the soldiers to turn against Scribonianus and kill him.[10]

A son survived him and was permitted to assume the post of quaestor under Claudius in 49 CE.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lendering, http://www.livius.org/fo-fz/furius/camillus_ii.html
  2. ^ Hazel, pg. 280
  3. ^ Hazel, pg. 280
  4. ^ Dio, 60:15:2
  5. ^ Canduci, pg. 26
  6. ^ Dio, 60:15:2
  7. ^ Canduci, pg. 26
  8. ^ Dio, 60:15:3
  9. ^ Dio, 60:15:3
  10. ^ Suetonius, Life of Claudius: 13:2

Sources[edit]

  • (Primary Source) Cassius Dio. Roman History Book 60
  • (Primary Source) Suetonius. The Twelve Caesars, Life of Claudius.
  • Canduci, Alexander (2010), Triumph & Tragedy: The Rise and Fall of Rome's Immortal Emperors, Pier 9, ISBN 978-1-74196-598-8 
  • Hazel, John. Who’s Who In The Roman World. Routledge. London. 2001
  • Lendering, Jona. Marcus Furius Camillus. www.livius.org
  • Levick, Barbara. Claudius. Yale University Press. New Haven.
Preceded by
Tiberius and Sejanus
Consul of the Roman Empire together with Gnaeus Domitius Ahenobarbus
32
Succeeded by
Galba and Lucius Cornelius Sulla Felix