Lucius Julius Caesar

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See also: Julii Caesares

Lucius Julius Caesar was the name of several men of the gens Julia in ancient Rome. Lucius was one of the three praenomina (first names) most commonly used by the Julii Caesares of the Republic; the other two were Sextus and Gaius, which was the praenomen of the most famous member of the family, Julius Caesar.

Lucius Julius Caesar I[edit]

Lucius Julius Caesar might have been the son of Numerius Julius Caesar[1] or might be identical to Lucius Julius Libo II, the son of Lucius Julius Libo consul in 267 BC, in which case Lucius Julius Caesar I might be the father of the Sextus Julius Caesar who was praetor in 208 BC.[2] Otherwise Lucius Julius Caesar I might have been the brother of this Sextus and the father of Sextus Julius Caesar who was military tribune in 181 BC.[3]

Lucius Julius (praetor 183 BC)[edit]

Lucius Julius, possibly with the cognomen Caesar, a praetor in Cisalpine Gaul in 183 BC. His mission was to keep Transalpine Gauls from settling in the area of Aquileia, without resorting to war.[4] Possibly a brother of Sextus Julius Caesar (military tribune 181 BC).[3]

Lucius Julius (praetor urbanus 166 BC)[edit]

Lucius Julius, possibly with the cognomen Caesar and to be identified as the Julius Caesar who was praetor urbanus in 166 and died suddenly in office.[5] Possibly a son of Lucius Julius, the praetor of 183 BC.[3]

Lucius Julius Caesar II[edit]

Lucius Julius Caesar (monneyer 136 BC) was the son of a Sextus Julius Caesar. He married a Poppilia. They had two sons, the consul of 90 BC and Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus, and one daughter, Julia Caesaris, who became the first wife of the dictator Sulla.

Lucius Julius Caesar III[edit]

Lucius Julius Caesar (consul 90 BC) (c. 135 BC – 87 BC) was the elder brother to Gaius Julius Caesar Strabo Vopiscus. As consul in 90 BC, he proposed legislation granting Roman citizenship to allies who didn’t participate in the Social War against Rome in 90 BC. This proposal became known as the Julian Law. During his consulship Lucius Caesar commanded one of the armies Rome employed against the Italians with mixed success as he was beaten a few times but was able to repulse an attack on his camp. He was elected censor in 89 BC. Lucius and his brother were killed together in 87 BC at the beginning of the Civil War by partisans of Gaius Marius. His children were the Lucius Julius Caesar who was consul in 64 BC and Julia Antonia.

Lucius Julius Caesar IV[edit]

Lucius Julius Caesar (consul 64 BC) (d after 43 BC) was a consul of 64 BC. During the debate in the senate with regards to the punishment of the Catalinarian conspirators, he voted for the death penalty although his own brother-in-law Publius Cornelius Lentulus (Sura) was amongst them. He was a legate in Gaul in 52 BC and a high priest. After the conquest of Gaul he moved against Pompey. He accompanied Julius Caesar into civil war. After Caesar's assassination he allied with his nephew Mark Antony. He and his nephew fell out in 43 BC, and he was proscribed by Mark Anthony but the pleas of his sister saved himself from the death penalty.

Lucius Julius Caesar V[edit]

Son of Lucius Julius Caesar IV. Proquaestor 46 BC, killed soon after the Battle of Thapsus

Lucius Caesar[edit]

Further information: Lucius Caesar

Lucius Caesar (17 BC-2 AD) was born Lucius Vipsanius Agrippa as a son of Marcus Vipsanius Agrippa and Julia the Elder. Later he was adopted by his maternal grandfather Augustus and used the name Lucius Julius Caesar.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Everett Francis Briggs. A Briggs memorial: some ancestors of John Briggs of Taunton, Massachusetts : with collateral Deighton (Williams), Whitney, and Mayflower-Rogers lines, p. 5 Family History Publishers, 1997 ISBN 0965435512 ISBN 9780965435512
  2. ^ Miriam Griffin. A Companion to Julius Caesar, p. 13 ff. John Wiley & Sons, 2009. ISBN 1444308459 ISBN 9781444308457
  3. ^ a b c William Smith. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. 1870. Volume 1 p. 536 ff.
  4. ^ Livy 39.45.6–7; T.R.S. Broughton, The Magistrates of the Roman Republic (American Philological Association, 1951, 1986), vol. 1, p. 378.
  5. ^ Pliny the Elder, Natural History 7.181; Broughton, MRR1, p. 437.

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