Lucius Roy Holbrook
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|Lucius Roy Holbrook|
April 30, 1875|
|Died||October 19, 1952
San Francisco, California
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Years of service||1896-1939|
|Commands held||Philippine Department|
*Battle of Arayat
*Battle of Cabiao
*Battle of San Isidro
*Battle of Santa Rosa II
*Battle of Talavera
World War I
|Awards||Distinguished Service Medal
Croix de Guerre
|Relations||MG Willard Ames Holbrook (Brother)
BG Willard Ames Holbrook, Jr. (Nephew)
While stationed at Boise, Idaho, Holbrook met Henrietta Coffin, (January 7, 1877 – March 28, 1965), the daughter of Frank R. Coffin, a merchant and baker and Charlotte Irene (Quivey) Coffin. They were married on June 7, 1899, at the Presidio of San Francisco, California.
Early life and family history
Holbrook was born in Arkansaw, Wisconsin. He was a son of Willard Francis and Mary (Ames) Holbrook. His father was born at Wrentham, Massachusetts, on April 27, 1827, and died September 17, 1886. Mary Ames, whom he married, was born November 19, 1840, at West Bridgewater, Massachusetts, and died July 12, 1889.
Holbrook graduated from high school in Northfield, Minnesota, in 1892. He was appointed to the United States Military Academy on June 15, 1892 and graduated on June 12, 1896, as a second lieutenant in the Cavalry.
On June 24, 1889, he was ordered to the Philippine Islands and during the Philippine-American War he participated in the Northern Campaign, and in battles at Arayat, Cabiao, San Isidro, Santa Rosa, and Talavera.
Holbrook served with General Theodore Schwan's Southern Expedition from January 3 to February 18, 1900, and was at the Battles of Muntinlupa and Binan, Carmona and Silan, Tiaong, Candaleria and Tayabas.
He was promoted to first lieutenant on January 23, 1900.
In September 1900, he was reassigned to Troop H, 6th Cavalry Brigade at Boise Barracks, Idaho, where he remained until February 11, 1901.
Holbrook returned to the Philippines in March 1901 and served with Troop B, 15th Cavalry Brigade and Troop I, 4th Cavalry Brigade, based at Manila, until July 1, 1901 and at Fort Riley, Kansas until August 7, 1902.
He was promoted to Captain on July 15, 1902.
Holbrook was the umpire for maneuvers at Fort D.A. Russell, Wyoming (later Fort Francis E. Warren) until September 16, 1906. He then joined the 5th Cavalry Regiment at Fort Wingate, New Mexico until October 24, 1907.
Holbrook was assigned to the Commissary Department where he commanded the first training school for army bakers and cooks until March 9, 1911. It was here that he wrote the army's first cooking manual.
Holbrook then served as Assistant to the Chief Commissary, Maneuver Division, San Antonio, Texas, until July 21, 1911 and at Fort Riley until September 20, 1911. He was then ordered to Paris, France, where he attended the Ecole de L'Intendance (the French Army School of Supply) until December 15, 1912.
Holbrook was stationed at Schofield Barracks, Hawaii until April 4, 1916 and was then a Quartermaster at Fort Riley, until July 1916. In 1916, he served with General John J. Pershing's Mexican Expeditionary Forces, as commander of the bakeries. This was the first use of the army field oven, which he had invented.
He was promoted to major on July 1, 1916.
Holbrook then served at Fort Sam Houston, Texas, until March 7, 1917 where he was in command of the 7th Field Artillery Brigade, of the 1st Division, and he sailed with it for France on July 31, 1917. When the United States became involved in World War I, this was the first artillery unit to be sent to France, and it fired the first US artillery shell against Germany.
While with the American Expeditionary Force, Holbrook was at Le Valdahon, from August 14 to October 18, 1917; at Sommerviller Sector, October 21 to November 20, 1917; Ansauville Sector, January 19 to April 4, 1918; Cantigny Sector, April 20 to June 8, 1918; Montdidier-Noyon Defense, June 9 to 13, 1918; and Saizerais Sector, August 4, to 16, 1918.
Holbrook was promoted to the temporary rank of general on August 16, 1918.
He then commanded the 54th Field Artillery Brigade, in training until October 3, 1918; served with the 1st Field Artillery Brigade, in the Meuse-Argonne Offensive, until November 7, 1918; and again commanded the 54th Field Artillery Brigade, at Chateau Reynel and elsewhere until May 22, 1919.
Holbrook returned to the United States in May 1919 and commanded Camp Bragg, North Carolina, from May 16, 1919 until July 1, 1919, when he became the head of the Artillery Department of the Command and General Staff School at Fort Leavenworth, Kansas.
From January 27, 1921 to May 4, 1922, Holbrook served as Assistant Chief of Staff for Supply, Ninth Corps Area; and as Chief of Staff, Ninth Corps Area until June 30, 1924. After this assignment, he became the Chief of Staff, Non-Divisional Group, Organized Reserves, Ninth Corps Area, until June 30, 1925; and Inspector, Ninth Corps Area, until October 19, 1925.
He was promoted to Brigadier General on October 20, 1925.
Holbrook then commanded troops at Fort Douglas, Utah, until August 19, 1926. Holbrook then commanded Camp Stotsenburg, in the Philippines until May 11, 1929. Afterwards, he commanded Fort Bragg, North Carolina, from August 20, 1929 until October 5, 1930, when he became commander of the 1st Division and Fort Hamilton, New York, until November 9, 1935.
He was promoted to Major General on December 28, 1933.
On January 22, 1936, became commanding general of the Philippine Department until 1938.
Holbrook retired on January 31, 1939.
- Distinguished Service Medal. His citation reads:
|“||For exceptionally meritorious and distinguished services. As commander of the six battalions of Artillery and the 1st Field Artillery Brigade, he, with great distinction, directed the artillery support of the 1st Division in the attacks on Cantigny and the Soissons salient. His careful judgment and high military attainments where shown in the accuracy and timeliness of the fire from the batteries under his direction, which despite the difficulties involved, contributed materially to the success of the operation.||”|
- Silver Star for Gallantry. His citation reads:
|“||In action against insurgent forces near Tayabas, Philippine Islands, on January 21, 1900||”|
- Silver Medal with oak leaf cluster for bravery
- Mexican Service Medal
- World War I Victory Medal
- Army of Occupation of Germany Medal
- Montenegrin Ordre du Prince Danilo I (3rd Class)
- Montenegrin Medaille de Bravoure d'Argent
- French Croix de Guerre
- French Legion of Honor (Officer)
- Fourragère of the French Croix du Guerre
Dates of promotion
- January 23, 1900 — First Lieutenant
- July 15, 1902 — Captain
- July 1, 1916 — major
- August 16, 1918 — Brigadier General (temporary)
- July 15, 1919 — Lieutenant Colonel
- February 24, 1920 — Colonel
- October 20, 1925 — Brigadier General
- December 28, 1933 — Major General
The Holbrooks became the parents of the following children:
- Franklin Rayle Coffin, born on May 2, 1901. Advancing to the rank of major general, he retired in December 1955. On May 7, 1927, he married Virginia Howell of Trenton, New Jersey, born on January 8, 1902. They are the parents of, Franklin Coffin Holbrook, who attained the rank of first lieutenant. He married to Nancy Bascom Palmer and they had two children: Palmer Lee, and Franklin Rayle Coffin Holbrook, II.
- John Ames, born on October 26, 1903. He became a captain in the United States Navy and retired. On August 8, 1952, he married Barbara Barber of Berkeley, California. By a previous marriage, he was the father of, John Ames, Jr., born on April 1, 1936.
- Lucius Roy, born July 30, 1906. He held the rank of lieutenant colonel in the United States Air Force. On July 16, 1934, he married Mary Gertrude Sutterle in Shanghai, China. They had two children: Lucius Roy, 3rd, born January 4, 1944; and Marilyn Sutterle, born September 7, 1948.
Charles H. Muir
|Commandant of the Command and General Staff College
August 1920 - September 1920
Hugh Aloysius Drum