Market tower and St. John's Church
|• Mayor||Elisabeth Herzog-von der Heide (SPD)|
|• Total||46.75 km2 (18.05 sq mi)|
|Elevation||48 m (157 ft)|
|• Density||430/km2 (1,100/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
Luckenwalde (German pronunciation: [lʊkənˈvaldə]) is the capital of the Teltow-Fläming district in the German state of Brandenburg. It is situated on the Nuthe river north of the Fläming Heath, at the eastern rim of the Nuthe-Nieplitz Nature Park, about 50 km (31 mi) south of Berlin. The town area includes the villages of Frankenfelde and Kolzenburg.
The former Slavic settlement of Lugkin was conquered by Margrave Conrad Wettin of Meissen in the course of the 1147 Wendish Crusade. Lukenwalde Castle was first mentioned in a 1216 deed as a burgward of the Bishopric of Brandenburg, it was acquired by Zinna Abbey in 1285. Together with Zinna it remained under the rule of the Archbishopric of Magdeburg and its successor, the Prussian Duchy of Magdeburg until it was attached to the Margraviate of Brandenburg in 1773.
Originating in the 17th century, Luckenwalde's cloth and wool factories did not spring up till the reign of King Frederick II of Prussia and soon were among the most extensive in Germany. Other traditional industries were cotton printing and a dye works, brewing, and the making of metal and bronze goods. In 1808 Luckenwalde officially received town privileges.
By the turn of the 20th Century Luckenwalde became renowned as a key manufacturer of hats. In 1921 the two biggest hat ateliers, Herrmann and Steinberg, merged and set up their factory on an industrial estate in Luckenwalde. The factory was designed by German architect Erich Mendelsohn in 1923, the factory is considered a milestone of Expressionist architecture. The hat factory fell into disrepair during and after the war period and was restored in 2001, but as of 2013 the building remains empty.
During World War II, there was a Stalag for prisoners of war (Stalag IIIa). There was also a work camp for civilians. The Nazis forced people to work for their war effort or else the families of people who worked there would perish. Lack of food and hard work killed thousands. Among them were Poles, Italians, French and many more. There were several places in the town and surrounding areas where they worked. Luckenwalde was taken by the Red Army on 22 April 1945. After the Russians showed up to liberate the camp, American POWs ventured into town to find Russians raping and killing, hanging women and children out of windows. German girls went to the GIs for protection and the Russians did not bother the girls when they were with them. But after feeling threatened by the Russians who had the guns they left town and headed back to camp. When they got there the fences were back up and they were now prisoners of the Russians. The Russians asked for name, rank and serial number but the GIs refused telling the Russians they were comrades and should not be treated as prisoners. 
Detailed data sources are to be found in the Wikimedia Commons.
Seats in the municipal assembly (Stadtverordnetenversammlung) as of 2008 elections:
- The Left: 11
- Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD): 9
- Christian Democratic Union (CDU): 4
- Free Democratic Party (FDP): 2
- Luckenwalder Komitee für Gerechtigkeit (Independent): 1
- German People's Union (DVU): 1
Born in Luckenwalde
- Hans Freudenthal, mathematician, 1905–1990
- Bernhard Kadenbach, biochemist, born 1933
- Katherina Reiche, politician, born 1973
- Ilka Bessin, comedian (Cindy aus Marzahn), born 1971
Rudi Dutschke (1940–1979), spokesman of the German 1968 movement, was raised in Luckenwalde
Luckenwalde is twinned with:
- "Bevölkerung im Land Brandenburg nach amtsfreien Gemeinden, Ämtern und Gemeinden 31. Dezember 2012 (XLS-Datei; 83 KB) (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Amt für Statistik Berlin-Brandenburg (in German). 31 December 2012.
- Hat Factory on Architectuul
- Boundaries as of 2013
- Population Projection Brandenburg at Wikimedia Commons
Media related to Luckenwalde at Wikimedia Commons