Lucky numbers of Euler
Leonhard Euler published the polynomial x2 − x + 41 which produces prime numbers for all integer values of x from 0 to 40. Obviously, when x is equal to 41, the value cannot be prime anymore since it is divisible by 41. Only 6 numbers have this property, namely 2, 3, 5, 11, 17 and 41 (sequence A014556 in OEIS).
These numbers are not related to the so-called lucky numbers.
- F. Le Lionnais, Les Nombres Remarquables. Paris: Hermann, pp. 88 and 144, 1983.