Lucy Anderson

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For the Member of the European Parliament, see Lucy Anderson (politician).
Lucy Anderson.
Lithograph by Richard James Lane.

Lucy Anderson (12 December 1797 – 24 December 1878) was the most eminent of the English pianists of the early Victorian era.[1] She is mentioned in the same breath as English pianists of the calibre of William Sterndale Bennett.[2]

She was born Lucy Philpot in Bath, Somerset in 1797, the daughter of John Philpot, a music seller, who is also described as "a professor of music"[3] or "an obscure double bass player".[1] Grove has it that her sister Fanny, a piano teacher, married into the Loder family, which was prominent in Bath's musical community. However, genealogical research suggests that this was in fact Frances Elizabeth Mary Kirkham, step-daughter of Lucy's sister, Jane Harriet Philpot who became the wife of flautist George Loder, the brother of violinist John David Loder.[4][5] Lucy had lessons from her cousin, a Mr. Windsor of Bath, and from William Crotch. She first achieved recognition as a pianist in Bath, moving to London in 1818.[6] In July 1820 she married a well-known violinist, George Frederick Anderson.

Lucy Anderson was the first woman pianist to play at the Philharmonic Society concerts.[3] She appeared 19 times between 1822 and 1862, and was the first pianist to play Beethoven's "Emperor" Concerto with the society.[7] She championed Beethoven's concertos and played them more often than any other English pianist up to 1850.[8] In 1843, she was piano soloist in Beethoven's Choral Fantasy, conducted by Ignaz Moscheles.[9] In 1869 she became an honorary member of the Royal Philharmonic Society, a rarely awarded honour.

In 1830, Johann Nepomuk Hummel composed a "Grand Military Septet" in C major, Op. 114, for violin, cello, double bass, flute, clarinet, trumpet and piano. One source says this was dedicated to Lucy Anderson,[10] although another says it was dedicated to Madame Adolphe de Lanneau.[11]

In 1837 the publisher Alfred Novello gave Lucy Anderson exclusive rights for six months to play Felix Mendelssohn's Piano Concerto No. 2 in England. This was a condition of an interest-free loan of £30 from her husband, the money being needed by Novello to publish the concerto.[12]

She is described as "formidable" and "a manipulator of wide patronage".[1] Two queens appointed her as their pianist, Queen Adelaide in 1832 and Queen Victoria in 1837, Anderson having been Victoria's piano teacher from 1834 or earlier.[13] She taught the piano to Victoria's children, as well as to other high-born ladies.[1] She was a teacher of Arabella Goddard.[14]

In 1848 her husband George Frederick Anderson was appointed Master of the Queen's Music. Lucy Anderson retired in 1862, and died in London on 24 December 1878.

Her portrait by Richard James Lane is in the National Portrait Gallery.[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d An Oxford Companion to the Romantic Age. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  2. ^ Deborah Adams Rohr, The Careers of British Musicians 1750–1850. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  3. ^ a b Grove's Dictionary of Music, 5th ed. 1954
  4. ^ Temperley, Nicholas (2001). "George Loder jr (b. Bath 1816 d. Adelaide 15 July 1868)". In Sadie, Stanley. New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians 15. London: Macmillan. p. 58. ISBN 0-333-60800-3. 
  5. ^ "Lawleys of Bath Tree". Ancestry.co.uk. Retrieved 13 June 2012. 
  6. ^ The Georgian Era: Politics and rural economists. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  7. ^ Linda L. Clark, Woman and achievement in 19th Century Europe. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  8. ^ Ellsworth, Therese (October 2003). "Women Soloists and the Piano Concerto in Nineteenth-Century London" (PDF). Ad Parnassum 1 (2): 182. 
  9. ^ Memories: Ignaz Moscheles on Beethoven. Mvdaily.com (9 April 1999). Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  10. ^ James Arthur Brownlow, The Last Trumpet. Books.google.com.au. Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  11. ^ Liner notes to the Turnabout recording played by Collegium con basso
  12. ^ R. Larry Todd, Mendelssohn Studies. Books.google.com.au (27 November 1992). Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  13. ^ Squire, W.B.; Pimlotte Baker, Anne (2004). "Anderson (née Philpot, Lucy (1797–1878)". In Matthew, H.C.G.; Harrison, Brian. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography 2. Oxford: Oxford University Press. pp. 64–65. ISBN 0-19-861352-0. 
  14. ^ Famous Pianists of Today and Yesterday. Archive.org. Retrieved on 26 August 2011.
  15. ^ National Portrait Gallery.

Sources[edit]

  • Grove's Dictionary of Music, 5th ed. 1954