Lucy Bacon

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Lucy Angeline Bacon
Born (1857-07-30)July 30, 1857
Pitcairn, New York
Died October 17, 1932(1932-10-17) (aged 75)
San Francisco, California
Nationality American
Education Art Students League of New York, National Academy of Design, Académie Colarossi, Camille Pissarro
Known for Painting
Movement Impressionism
Lucy Bacon, Gennevilliers, c. 1895, private collection. The painting was made when she studied under Camille Pissaro.

Lucy Angeline Bacon (July 30, 1857 – October 17, 1932) was a Californian artist who studied in Paris under the famous Impressionist, Camille Pissarro. She is the only known Californian artist to have studied under any of the great French Impressionists.

Personal life[edit]

Born in 1857 in Pitcairn, New York.[1]

In 1897, Bacon received Paul Cézanne's Fortifications à la Glacière, which she bequeathed to her nephew, Bruce Jeremiah Bacon (the son of her brother, Albert Bacon and Mary E. Bacon) and which has remained in the family.[citation needed]


Bacon attended art school at the Art Students League of New York and the National Academy of Design in New York City before leaving for France in 1892. In Paris she enrolled at the Académie Colarossi. Dissatisfied with her studies and based upon advice from American painter Mary Cassatt, she then studied with Camille Pissarro.[2]


She then moved to Éragny and made Impressionist paintings. By 1898, she was exhibiting paintings such as A San Jose Garden at the San Francisco Art Association.

She moved to San Jose, California in the hope of improving chronic illness. Unmarried, she taught at Washburn School and painted from her home studio.

Through Mrs. William H. Crocker and her connections, Robert Vickery organized in 1891 and 1893 the first exhibitions of Impressionism in San Francisco. Vickey was her niece Ruth's husband and the son of William Kingston Vickery. The Vickery family owned Vickery, Atkins & Torrey, an important gallery in San Francisco in the 1890s.

In 1905, while Lucy Bacon renounced her painting career and devoted herself to religion, possibly finding it eased her health problems, she continued to teach art. By 1909, she was living in San Francisco where she died in 1932.

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