Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds

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This article is about The Beatles' song. For the comic book character "Lucy in the Sky", see Karolina Dean. For the Glee television episode, see Tina in the Sky with Diamonds.
"Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
Song by the Beatles from the album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band
Released 1 June 1967
Recorded 1 March 1967
EMI Studios, London
Genre Psychedelic rock
Length 3:28
Label Parlophone R6022
Writer Lennon–McCartney
Producer George Martin
Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band track listing
Music sample

"Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" is a song written primarily by John Lennon and credited to Lennon–McCartney,[1] for the Beatles' 1967 album Sgt. Pepper's Lonely Hearts Club Band.[2] This album became the biggest selling album of the 1960s and remains today the biggest selling studio album in India, among other countries.

Lennon's son, Julian, inspired the song with a nursery school drawing he called "Lucy — in the sky with diamonds". Shortly after the song's release, speculation arose that the first letter of each of the title nouns intentionally spelled LSD.[3] Although Lennon denied it, the BBC banned the song. In a 2004 interview, Paul McCartney said that the song is about LSD, stating, "A song like 'Got to Get You into My Life', that's directly about pot, although everyone missed it at the time ... Day Tripper", he says, "that's one about acid. 'Lucy in the Sky,' that's pretty obvious. There's others that make subtle hints about drugs, but, you know, it's easy to overestimate the influence of drugs on the Beatles' music."[4]

Arrangement[edit]

Most of the song is in simple triple metre (3/4 time), but the chorus is in 4/4 time. The song modulates between musical keys, using the key of A major for verses, B♭ major for the pre-chorus, and G major for the chorus.[5] It is sung by Lennon over an increasingly complicated underlying arrangement which features a tamboura, played by George Harrison, lead electric guitar put through a Leslie speaker, played by Lennon, and a counter melody on Lowrey organ played by McCartney and taped with a special organ stop sounding "not unlike a celeste".[6] Session tapes from the initial 1 March 1967 recording of this song reveal Lennon originally sang the line "Cellophane flowers of yellow and green" as a broken phrase, but McCartney suggested that he sing it more fluidly to improve the song.[7]

Title and lyrics[edit]

Julian's drawing[edit]

Lennon's inspiration for the song came when his son, Julian, showed him a nursery school drawing he called "Lucy — in the Sky with Diamonds", depicting his classmate, Lucy O'Donnell (later Lucy Vodden), who died in 2009. Julian Lennon said, "I don't know why I called it that or why it stood out from all my other drawings, but I obviously had an affection for Lucy at that age. I used to show dad everything I'd built or painted at school, and this one sparked off the idea..."[8][9][10] O'Donnell (later Vodden), in a BBC radio interview in 2007, said, "I remember Julian and I both doing pictures on a double-sided easel, throwing paint at each other, much to the horror of the classroom attendant ... Julian had painted a picture and on that particular day his father turned up with the chauffeur to pick him up from school."[11] Lennon said he was surprised at the idea that the song title was a hidden reference to LSD.[3]

It was purely unconscious that it came out to be LSD. Until someone pointed it out, I never even thought of it. I mean, who would ever bother to look at initials of a title? It's not an acid song. The imagery was Alice in the boat.

Lennon had read and admired the works of Lewis Carroll, and the title of Julian's drawing reminded him of a passage in Through the Looking Glass in which Alice floats in a "boat beneath a sunny sky." Lennon drew on some of the images in Carroll's Through the Looking Glass and Alice in Wonderland when he wrote the lyrics for "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds".[12]

Lennon's original handwritten lyrics sold at auction in 2011 for $230,000.[13]

Reviews[edit]

Rolling Stone magazine described the song as "Lennon's lavish daydream"[14] and music critic Richie Unterberger said "'Lucy in the Sky With Diamonds' was one of the best songs on The Beatles' famous Sgt. Pepper album, and one of the classic songs of psychedelia as a whole. There are few other songs that so successfully evoke a dream world, in both the sonic textures and words." [15] In a review for the BBC, Chris Jones described the song as "nursery rhyme surrealism" that contributed to Sgt. Pepper's "revolutionary ... sonic carpet that enveloped the ears and sent the listener spinning into other realms." [16]

In later interviews, Lennon expressed disappointment with the Beatles' arrangement of the recording, complaining that inadequate time was taken to fully develop his initial idea for the song. He also said that he had not sung it very well. "I was so nervous I couldn't sing," he told journalist Ray Connolly, "but I like the lyrics."[17]

Legacy[edit]

The song has the distinction of being the first Beatles recording to be referenced by the group themselves: the second verse of Lennon's "I Am the Walrus", released on Magical Mystery Tour at the end of 1967, contains the lyric "see how they fly, like Lucy in the sky, see how they run..." In November 1967 John Fred and his Playboy Band released a parody/tribute song called "Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)"[18] which topped the US Billboard Hot 100 chart for two weeks and reached the number one spot in a number of other countries around the world.[19]

The Dream Theater song "Octavarium" contains three song names:

Sailing on the seven seize the day tripper diem's ready
Jack the ripper Owens Wilson Phillips and my supper's ready
Lucy in the sky with diamond Dave's not here I come to save the
day...

Pink Floyd namechecks "Lucy in the sky" on "Let There Be More Light", the opening song on A Saucerful of Secrets (1968). The lyrics are by Roger Waters.

It was played by the Grateful Dead from 1993, and subsequently played by The Dead.

Porcupine Tree's debut album On the Sunday of Life released in 1991 features the song "Footprints" directly referring to the song. Its chorus contains the lyrics: "tangerine trees and marmalade skies! And plasticine porters with looking-glass ties!"[citation needed]

A 3.2 million year-old, 40% complete fossil skeleton of an Australopithecus afarensis specimen discovered in 1974 was named "Lucy" because the Beatles song was being played loudly and repeatedly on a tape recorder in the camp. The phrase "Lucy in the skies" became "Lucy in disguise" to the anthropologists, because they initially did not understand the impact of their discovery.[20]

The White dwarf star BPM 37093, which contains a core of crystallised carbon roughly 4000 km in diameter, is informally named "Lucy" as a tribute to the Beatles song.[21]

One of the main characters of Hiro Mashima's manga Fairy Tail, Lucy Heartfilia, takes her name from the song.[22]

Jim Carrey's character in the film Mr. Popper's Penguins uses the first two lines of the song as a sales pitch to describe the establishment that his company plans on building to take the place of an old restaurant.

In Runaways, Karolina Dean temporarily used Lucy in the Sky as her alias and later on, Xavin tells her that he told the band at their wedding to play "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" because it reminded him of her.

In the American TV series Fringe, the character Peter Bishop uses the line "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" in episode 4 of season 1, "The Arrival".

In the 2001 film I Am Sam, Sam (Sean Penn) names his daughter (Dakota Fanning) "Lucy Diamond Dawson" after the song. Beatles song covers and references are prominent throughout the film.

In Angela Robinson's short movie D.E.B.S., one of the main characters is named Lucy in the Sky. In the feature film, D.E.B.S., based on the short, the character is named Lucy Diamond.

The song "La Fee Verte" by British rock band Kasabian contains the lyric "I see Lucy in the sky, Telling me I'm high."

Pittsburgh rapper Mac Miller samples the opening chords of "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds" in the outro to the song "Desperado" off of his 2012 mixtape Macadelic.

The Swedish rock band Royal Republic mentioned "Lucy in the sky" in their song "Full Steam Spacemachine"

"I love to lie with Lucy in the sky, no one can ever know"

In Veronica Maggio's song "Jag kommer", the second line of the song says "I'm Lucy in the Sky, I'm high above the clouds."

The lyrics of the song often become a mondegreen; for example, the line "The girl with kaleidoscope eyes" becomes "A girl with colitis goes by."[23][24]

Personnel[edit]

The instrumentation on the track is:[25]

Cover versions[edit]

Elton John[edit]

"Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds"
Single by Elton John
B-side "One Day (At a Time)"
Released 18 November 1974
Genre Psychedelic rock
Length 6:16
5:54 (7" version)
Label MCA (US/Canada)
DJM Records
Writer(s) Lennon–McCartney
Producer(s) Gus Dudgeon
Elton John singles chronology
"The Bitch Is Back"
(1974)
Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds
(1974)
"Philadelphia Freedom"
(1975)

In 1974, Elton John released a cover version as a single. Recorded at the Caribou Ranch, it featured backing vocals and guitar by John Lennon under the pseudonym Dr. Winston O'Boogie (Winston being Lennon's middle name). The single topped the US Billboard pop charts for two weeks in January 1975 as well as the Canadian RPM national singles chart for four weeks spanning January and February, eventually. The B-Side of the single was also a John Lennon composition, "One Day (At a Time)", a song from Lennon's 1973 album Mind Games. As with the A-Side, Lennon appears on the B-Side, playing guitar. In the US it was certified Gold on 29 January 1975 by the RIAA.[citation needed] As of 2013, Elton is the only artist to have a Beatles' cover reach #1.

During their collaboration, Elton John appeared on John Lennon's song "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night". Lennon promised to appear live with Elton at Madison Square Garden if "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night" became a #1 single.[26] It did, and on Thanksgiving Night, 28 November 1974, Lennon kept his promise. They performed "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", "Whatever Gets You Thru the Night", and "I Saw Her Standing There".

In introducing "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds", Elton John said he believed it to be "one of the best songs ever written." The Lennon-sung "I Saw Her Standing There" (credited to the Elton John Band featuring John Lennon) was originally released in 1975 on the B-Side of Elton John's "Philadelphia Freedom" single. In 1981, all three live songs were issued on 28th November 1974, an Elton John EP.[27] In 1990, the three songs were made available on the Lennon box set. In 1996, they were also included on the remastered edition of Elton John's Here and There album. Elton John once stated that "Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds is a song that I never do in a set at a concert simply because it reminds me too much of John Lennon. This is the same with Empty Garden." It was a part of his repertoire until 1976.

It also appeared on the 1976 musical documentary, All This and World War II.

Chart (1974-1975) Peak
position
Canadian RPM Top Singles[28] 1
Germany (Media Control Charts)[29] 31
Italy (FIMI)[30] 31
New Zealand (Recorded Music NZ)[31] 11
UK (Official Charts Company)[32] 10
U.S. Billboard Hot 100[33] 1

Others[edit]

Personnel[edit]

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Miles 1997, pp. 312.
  2. ^ allmusic.com 2010.
  3. ^ a b Sheff 2000, p. 182.
  4. ^ Matus, Victorino (June 2004). "The Truth Behind "LSD"". The Weekly Standard. 
  5. ^ Hal Leonard 1993, pp. 646–650.
  6. ^ Lewisohn 1998, pp. 100–101.
  7. ^ Lewisohn 1998, p. 100.
  8. ^ The Guardian 2009.
  9. ^ Kral 2009.
  10. ^ BBC Radio 2, Sounds of the 60s, 2 February 2008
  11. ^ Goddard, Caroline (September 2009). "Beatles' muse Lucy Vodden dies". She knows Entertainment. SheKnows LLC. Retrieved 16 August 2010. 
  12. ^ Everett, Walter. The Beatles as Musicians: Revolver through the Anthology. Oxford University Press, USA, 1999, p. 104
  13. ^ Morgan, David. "Lennon's "Lucy in the Sky" lyrics sell for $230K". CBS News. Retrieved 29 March 2013. 
  14. ^ Rolling Stone 2003.
  15. ^ Unterberger 2009.
  16. ^ Jones 2007.
  17. ^ songfacts.com.
  18. ^ Anon. "Judy in Disguise Lyrics by John Fred". CD Universe. CD Universe/Muze Inc. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  19. ^ Hawtin, Steve. "Song title 888 - Judy in Disguise (With Glasses)". tsort.info. tsort. Retrieved 24 August 2010. 
  20. ^ Johanson & Edey 1981, p. 22.
  21. ^ Aguilar, David. "This Valentine's Day, Give The Woman Who Has Everything The Galaxy's Largest Diamond" (Press release). Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  22. ^ Mashima, Hiro (2008). Fairy Tail, Volume 2. Del Rey Manga. ISBN 978-0-345-50330-5. 
  23. ^ Grosvenor Jr., Charles R. (2013). "Misheard Lyrics The Beatles". Am I Right website. Retrieved July 9, 2014. "Misheard song lyrics (also called mondegreens) occur when people misunderstand the lyrics in a song. These are NOT intentional rephrasing of lyrics, which is called parody. This page contains all the misheard lyrics for The Beatles that have been submitted to this site ...." 
  24. ^ Humor Box Entertainment (2014). "Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds The Beatles Misheard Song". Kiss This Guy website. Retrieved July 9, 2014. 
  25. ^ MacDonald 2005, p. 240.
  26. ^ Sheff 2000, p. 31.
  27. ^ "Elton John Band Featuring John Lennon And Muscle Shoals Horns, The* - 28th November, 1974 at Discogs". Discogs.com. 28 November 1974. Retrieved 30 October 2012. 
  28. ^ "Lucy in the sky with diamonds in Canadian Top Singles Chart". Library and Archives Canada. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  29. ^ "Elton John – Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment.
  30. ^ "Indice per Interprete: J". HitParadeItalia (it). Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  31. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Elton John – Lucy In The Sky With Diamonds". Top 40 Singles.
  32. ^ "1974 Top 40 Official UK Singles Archive - 14 December 1974". Official Charts Company. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 
  33. ^ "Captain Fantastic and the Brown Dirt Cowboy awards". AllMusic. Retrieved 18 July 2013. 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

Preceded by
"Angie Baby" by Helen Reddy
US Billboard Hot 100 number one single (Elton John version)
4 January 1975 (two weeks)
Succeeded by
"Mandy" by Barry Manilow
Preceded by
"Kung Fu Fighting" by Carl Douglas
Canadian RPM number-one single (Elton John version)
11 January 1975 (four weeks)
Succeeded by
"Please Mr. Postman" by The Carpenters