Not evaluated (IUCN 3.1)
(Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
Girella tricuspidata, the parore (in New Zealand), or luderick, black bream, or blackfish (in Australia), is a species of sea chub native to coastal marine and brackish waters of southeastern Australia and New Zealand. They prefer rocky reefs, inshore habitats such as eelgrass beds, estuaries and mangrove swamps where they can be found down to depths of around 20 metres (66 ft). This species can reach a length of 71 centimetres (28 in) FL though most do not exceed 35 centimetres (14 in) TL. The maximum known weight of this species is recorded at 4 kilograms (8.8 lb). They have 11-12 fine dark tapering bars on a bluish-grey to greyish-brown body that fades to silvery-white below. It is commercially important and is also popular as a game fish.
- "Girella tricuspidata". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 19 March 2006.
- Tony Ayling & Geoffrey Cox, Collins Guide to the Sea Fishes of New Zealand, (William Collins Publishers Ltd, Auckland, New Zealand 1982) ISBN 0-00-216987-8
- Dianne J. Bray, 2011, Luderick, Girella tricuspidata, in Fishes of Australia, accessed 26 Aug 2014, http://www.fishesofaustralia.net.au/home/species/469
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Girella tricuspidata" in FishBase. August 2013 version.
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