Ludlow (UK Parliament constituency)

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Coordinates: 52°29′17″N 2°44′46″W / 52.488°N 2.746°W / 52.488; -2.746

Ludlow
County constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Ludlow in Shropshire.
Outline map
Location of Shropshire within England.
County Shropshire
Electorate 66,199 (December 2010)[1]
Major settlements Ludlow, Bridgnorth, Broseley, Clun, Bishop's Castle, Cleobury Mortimer, Much Wenlock, Craven Arms and Church Stretton
Current constituency
Created 1885
Member of Parliament Philip Dunne (Conservative)
Number of members One
Created from Ludlow and South Shropshire
1473–1885
Number of members 1473–1868: Two
1868–1885: One
Type of constituency Borough constituency
Replaced by Ludlow
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Ludlow is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2005 by Philip Dunne, a Conservative.[n 2]

History[edit]

From its 1473 creation until 1885, Ludlow was a parliamentary borough.[n 3] It was represented by two burgesses until 1868, when it was reduced to one member.

The parliamentary borough was abolished in 1885, and the name transferred to the new county "division" (with lower electoral candidates' expenses and a different returning officer) whose boundaries were expanded greatly to become similar to (and a replacement to) the Southern division of Shropshire.[n 4]

The seat was long considered safe for the Conservatives with the party winning by large majorities from the 1920s until 1997 when the majority was reduced to under 6,000. When the sitting Conservative MP stood down in 2001 it was won by a Liberal Democrat. Ludlow was regained by a Conservative in the 2005 general election and held with a greatly increased majority five years later.

Boundaries and profile[edit]

The Ludlow constituency is situated entirely within the county of Shropshire, in England.

It covers a large, rural area dotted with market towns, the largest of which are Ludlow and Bridgnorth, each having a population of just over 10,000. The other towns — all with a population of under 5,000 — are Broseley, Clun, Bishop's Castle, Cleobury Mortimer, Much Wenlock (notable for its part in the history of the modern Olympic Games movement), Craven Arms and Church Stretton.

On its northeast border (just beyond Broseley) is the Ironbridge Gorge (notable for its part in the Industrial Revolution), just to the south of the large new town of Telford. The Guardian encapsulates the seat in a nutshell as "Big, rural, hills and small towns, increasingly middle class."[2] Other than the Telford borough constituency, Ludlow borders onto similarly rural county constituencies, including Montgomery on the other side of the border with Wales.

The constituency covers most of the south area of Shropshire Council (without Shifnal and Albrighton).[n 5]

Extent[edit]

The most recent boundary changes took place at the 1997 general election, when a part of the Bridgnorth district was removed to The Wrekin constituency.

1983-1997: The District of South Shropshire; and the District of Bridgnorth.

1997-2010: The District of South Shropshire; and the District of Bridgnorth wards of Alveley, Bridgnorth Castle, Bridgnorth East, Bridgnorth Morfe, Bridgnorth West, Broseley, Claverley, Ditton Priors, Glazeley, Harrington, Highley, Kinlet, Much Wenlock, Morville, Stottesdon, and Worfield.

2010-present: The District of South Shropshire; and the District of Bridgnorth wards of Alveley, Bridgnorth Castle, Bridgnorth East, Bridgnorth Morfe, Bridgnorth West, Broseley East, Broseley West, Claverley, Ditton Priors, Glazeley, Harrington, Highley, Morville, Much Wenlock, Stottesdon, and Worfield.

nb. in April 2009 the districts of South Shropshire and Bridgnorth (together with their wards) were abolished; the constituency's extent however is still constituted by reference to them, and will be until the next completed review of constituencies in England.

Members of Parliament[edit]

MPs 1473–1660[edit]

  • Constituency created (1473)
Parliament First member Second member
1510-1515 No names known[3]
1523  ?William Foxe  ?John Cother[3]
1529 William Foxe John Cother[3]
1536 William Foxe  ?John Cother[3]
1539 Charles Foxe Thomas Wheeler[3]
1542 Charles Foxe Edmund Foxe[3]
1545 John Bradshaw Thomas Wheeler[3]
1547 Robert Blount Charles Foxe[3]
1553 (Mar) Thomas Wheeler Charles Foxe[3]
1553 (Oct) Thomas Wheeler John Passey[3]
1554 (Apr) Sir John Price Thomas Blashefield[3]
1554 (Nov) James Warnecombe John Allsop[3]
1555 William Heath Thomas Croft[3]
1558 Richard Prince Robert Mason[3]
1559 William Poughmill Robert Mason I[4]
1562/3 Richard Langford William Poughmill[4]
1571 William Poughmill Robert Mason I[4]
1572 William Poughmill Robert Mason II, died
and replaced Jan 1581 by
Philip Sidney
who sat for Shrewsbury
and was replaced by
Robert Berry[4]
1584 Robert Berry Richard Farr[4]
1586 Robert Berry Thomas Canland[4]
1588 Robert Berry Thomas Canland[4]
1593 Robert Berry Thomas Canland[4]
1597 Hugh Sanford, election declared void
and was repl. 1597 by
Robert Berry
Thomas Canland[4]
1601 Thomas Canland Robert Berry[4]
1604 Robert Berry Richard Benson
1614 Sir Henry Townsend Robert Berry
1621 Henry Spencer, Lord Compton Richard Tomlins
1624 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1625 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1626 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1628 Richard Tomlins Ralph Goodwin
1629–1640 No Parliaments summoned
1640 (Apr) Charles Baldwin Ralph Goodwin
1640 (Nov) Charles Baldwin Ralph Goodwin
1645 Thomas Mackworth Thomas Moor
1648 Thomas Mackworth Thomas Moor
1653 Ludlow not represented in Barebones Parliament
1654 John Aston (one seat only)
1656 John Aston (one seat only)
1659 Job Charlton Samuel Baldwyn

MPs 1660–1868[edit]

Year First member[5] First party Second member[5] Second party
1660 Timothy Littleton Job Charlton
1670 Somerset Fox
Febr. 1679 Francis Charlton
Sept. 1679 Thomas Walcot
1681 Charles Baldwyn
Apr. 1685 Sir Edward Herbert William Charlton
Jn. 1685 Sir Josiah Child
Nov. 1685 Sir Edward Lutwyche
1689 Francis Herbert Charles Baldwyn
1690 Thomas Hanmer William Gower
1691 Silius Titus Francis Lloyd
1695 Thomas Newport Charles Baldwyn
1698 Francis Herbert William Gower
1699 Thomas Newport
Jan. 1701 Sir Thomas Powys William Gower
Dec. 1701 Francis Herbert
1705 Acton Baldwyn
1713 Humphrey Walcot
1715 Francis Herbert
1719 Sir Robert Raymond
1722 Abel Ketelby Acton Baldwyn
Febr. 1727 Richard Herbert
Sept. 1727 Henry Arthur Herbert
1741 Sir William Corbet
1743 Richard Herbert
1748 Henry Bridgeman
1754 Edward Herbert
1768 William Fellowes
1770 Thomas Herbert
1774 Viscount Villiers The Lord Clive
1780 Frederick Cornewall
1783 Somerset Davies
1784 Richard Payne Knight
1794 Robert Clive
1806 Viscount Clive Tory
1807 Henry Clive
1818 Robert Clive
1832 Edward Romilly Whig
1834 Conservative
1835 Edmund Lechmere Charlton Conservative
1837 Henry Salwey Whig
1839 Thomas Alcock Whig
1840 Beriah Botfield Conservative
1841 James Ackers Conservative
1847 Henry Bayley Clive Conservative Henry Salwey Liberal
1852 Hon. Robert Windsor-Clive Conservative Lord William Powlett Conservative
1854 Percy Egerton Herbert Conservative
1857 Beriah Botfield Conservative
1860 George Windsor-Clive Conservative
1863 Sir William Fraser Conservative
1865 John Edmund Severne Conservative

MPs 1868–1885[edit]

  • Constituency reduced to one Member (1868)
  • Constituency reorganized (1885)

MPs since 1885[edit]

Election Member[5] Party
1885 Robert Jasper More Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1903 by-election Rowland Hunt Liberal Unionist
1917 National Party;
1918 Conservative
1918 Sir Beville Stanier Coalition Conservative
1922 by-election Viscount Windsor Coalition Conservative
1923 by-election George Windsor-Clive Conservative
1945 Uvedale Corbett Conservative
1951 Christopher Holland-Martin Conservative
1960 by-election Jasper More Conservative
1979 Eric Cockeram Conservative
1987 Christopher Gill Conservative
2001 Matthew Green Liberal Democrat
2005 Philip Dunne Conservative

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Ludlow[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Dunne 25,720 52.8 +7.7
Liberal Democrat Heather Kidd 15,971 32.8 -7.9
Labour Tony Hunt 3,272 6.7 -4.0
UKIP Christopher Gill 2,127 4.4 +2.7
BNP Christina Evans 1,016 2.1 +2.1
Green Jacqui Morrish 447 0.9 -0.9
Monster Raving Loony Alan Powell 179 0.4 +0.4
Majority 9,749 20.0
Turnout 48,732 73.1 +1.1
Conservative hold Swing +7.8

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Philip Dunne 20,979 45.1 +5.7
Liberal Democrat Matthew Green 18,952 40.7 −2.5
Labour Nigel Knowles 4,974 10.7 −2.7
Green Jim Gaffney 852 1.8 −0.2
UKIP Michael Zuckerman 783 1.7 −0.3
Majority 2,027 4.4
Turnout 46,540 72.1 +4.2
Conservative gain from Liberal Democrat Swing 4.1
General Election 2001: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Democrat Matthew Green 18,620 43.2 +13.5
Conservative Martin Taylor-Smith 16,990 39.4 −3.0
Labour Nigel Knowles 5,785 13.4 −12.0
Green Jim Gaffney 871 2.0 +0.3
UKIP Phil Gutteridge 858 2.0 +1.2
Majority 1,630 3.8
Turnout 43,124 67.9 −7.6
Liberal Democrat gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Gill 19,633 42.4
Liberal Democrat Ian Huffer 13,724 29.7
Labour Nuala O'Kane 11,745 25.4
Green Tim Andrewes 798 1.7
UKIP E Freeman-Keel 385 0.8
Majority 5,909 12.8
Turnout 46,285 75.5
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1992: Ludlow[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Gill 28,719 51.5 -2.4
Liberal Democrat David Phillips 14,567 26.1 -4.8
Labour Mrs Beryl O. Mason 11,709 21.0 +5.9
Green Nick H. Appleton-Fox 758 1.4 +1.4
Majority 14,152 25.4 +2.5
Turnout 55,753 80.9 +3.8
Conservative hold Swing +1.2

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher Gill 27,499 53.90
Liberal D Phillips 15,800 30.97
Labour K Harrison 7,724 15.14
Majority 11,699 22.93
Turnout 77.09
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1983: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Eric Cockeram 26,278 55.67
Social Democrat D Lane 14,975 31.73
Labour PM Davis 5,949 12.60
Majority 11,303 23.95
Turnout 74.62
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Eric Cockeram 20,906 52.78
Liberal E Robinson 12,524 31.62
Labour IK Wymer 5,717 14.43
National Front RJ Adshead 354 0.89
Independent F Turner 106 0.27
Majority 8,382 21.16
Turnout 78.57
Conservative hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jasper More 17,124 47.09
Liberal E Robinson 10,888 29.94
Labour J Marek 8,353 22.97
Majority 6,236 17.15
Turnout 74.79
Conservative hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jasper More 18,674 48.64
Liberal E Robinson 10,687 27.83
Labour TG Martin 9,035 23.53
Majority 7,987 20.80
Turnout 79.55
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1970: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jasper More 22,104 54.78
Labour D Nagington 12,800 31.72
Liberal CR Oddie 5,444 13.49
Majority 9,304 23.06
Turnout 73.27
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1966: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jasper More 19,603 54.87
Labour JW Gilbert 16,123 45.13
Majority 3,480 9.74
Turnout 73.86
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1964: Ludlow[8]

Electorate 47,482

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jasper More 17,290 47.0
Labour Michael K Prendergast 10,763 29.2
Liberal John C Griffiths 8,768 23.8
Majority 6,527 17.7
Turnout 36,821 77.55
Conservative hold Swing
Ludlow by-election, 1960[9]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Jasper More 13,777 46.4
Liberal Denis G Rees 8,127 27.3
Labour John Garwell 7,812 26.3
Majority 5,650 19.0
Turnout 29,716 63.7
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Ludlow

Electorate 46,735[10]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher John Holland-Martin 21,464 60.3
Labour John Garwell 14,138 39.7
Majority 7,326 20.6
Turnout 35,602 76.2
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1955: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher John Holland-Martin 20,816 61.67
Labour RJ Barker 12,937 38.33
Majority 7,879 23.34
Turnout 71.75
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Christopher John Holland-Martin 22,073 60.20
Labour RJ Barker 14,596 39.80
Majority 7,477 20.39
Turnout 77.74
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1950: Ludlow
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Uvedale Corbett 22,340 60.52
Labour J Williams 14,573 39.48
Majority 7,767 21.04
Turnout 79.92
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Ludlow[11]

Electorate 35,965

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative Lt-Col. Uvedale Corbett 13,928 54.4
Labour Sq-Ldr. Aneurin Glanmor Parry-Jones 6,358 24.8
Liberal C Grant Cameron 4,307 16.8
Independent CE Edwards 989 3.9
Majority 7,570 29.6
Turnout 71.1
Conservative hold Swing

General Election 1939/40: Another general election was required to take place before the end of 1940. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place from 1939 and by the end of this year, the following candidates had been selected;

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Ludlow[12]

Electorate 33,128

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Windsor-Clive 16,355 72.7
Labour T Hardwick 6,146 27.3
Majority 10,204 45.4
Turnout 22,501 67.9
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1931: Ludlow[13]

Electorate 32,778

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Conservative George Windsor-Clive 19,700 80.8
Labour T Hardwick 4,683 19.2
Majority 15,017 61.6
Turnout 74.4
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1929: Ludlow[14]

Electorate 32,233

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Windsor-Clive 14,066 57.1
Labour T Hardwick 5,323 21.6
Liberal Arthur Alan Hanbury-Sparrow 5,259 21.3
Majority 8,743 35.5
Turnout 76.5
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1924: Ludlow[15]

Electorate 25,510

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Windsor-Clive unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
1923 General Election

Electorate[16]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Windsor-Clive unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a
Ludlow by-election, 1923[17]

Electorate 24,805

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist George Windsor-Clive 9,956 55.0 -11.4
Liberal Edward Calcott Pryce 6,740 37.2 +3.5
Labour P.F. Pollard 1,420 7.8 n/a
Majority 17.8 -14.8
Turnout 73.0 +1.4
Unionist hold Swing -7.5
1922 General Election

Electorate 25,498[18]

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ivor Miles Windsor-Clive 11,785 66.4
National Liberal Edward Calcott Pryce 5,979 33.7
Majority 5,808 32.6
Turnout 71.6
Unionist hold Swing
Ludlow by-election, 1922[19]

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Ivor Miles Windsor-Clive
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918 Ludlow[20]

Electorate 24,551

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Capt. Sir Beville Stanier unopposed n/a n/a
Unionist hold Swing n/a

‡ a candidate who was endorsed by the Coalition Government.

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A county constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer).
  2. ^ As with all UK Parliament constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
  3. ^ From 1473 to 1707 of the House of Commons of England, then of the House of Commons of Great Britain from 1707 to 1800, and of the House of Commons of the United Kingdom from 1801.
  4. ^ A separate seat from 1832 to 1885.
  5. ^ Prior to the 2009 re-organisation of local government in Shropshire, it comprised the former South Shropshire district together with the southern part of the former Bridgnorth district.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ [1]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "History of Parliament". History of Parliament Trust. Retrieved 2011-10-27. 
  5. ^ a b c Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 4)[self-published source][better source needed]
  6. ^ Shropshire Council
  7. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010. 
  8. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  9. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  10. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1973
  11. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  12. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  13. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  14. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  15. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
  16. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  17. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  18. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  19. ^ F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
  20. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918-1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.

Sources[edit]